Table of contents:
- Subspecies: Barbus barbus borysthenicus Dybowski, 1862 = Dnieper barbel
- Subspecies: Barbus brachycephalus caspius Berg, 1914 = Caspian Barbel
- Subspecies: Barbus capito conocephalus Kessler, 1872 = Turkestan barbel
- Subspecies: Barbus tauricus kubanicus Berg, 1912 = Kuban barbel
Video: Barbs, Or Barbel (Barbus)
Barbs are very popular aquarium inhabitants. This is the most extensive genus in terms of the number of species (more than 300 species), its representatives are found in tropical fresh and temperate waters of Western, Central and Southern Europe, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, Syria, Iran, Turkestan, Africa.
Barbel (Barbus barbus)
The body of the barbs is elongated, the caudal fin is two-lobed. Females look larger due to their full belly. During spawning, the color of the male becomes brighter. Lower mouth with two pairs of antennae: one in the corners of the mouth, the other on the upper jaw. These antennae help find food at the bottom. The mouth is lower, lunar.
Southern barbel (Barbus plebejus)
The dorsal fin has 7-9 branched rays, the anal 5-6. Dorsal fin has a thickened, unbranched ray with more or less developed denticles along the posterior margin. In juveniles of 20-25 mm, denticles (3-5) can be seen only with a magnification of 20-40 times. The pharyngeal teeth are three-row, 2.3.5 - 5.3.2 or 2.3.4-4.3.2. The lips are well developed. The snout is elongated. Scales of medium size or small, not enlarged in the anal region. The dorsal fin is short, located above the ventral fin. The peritoneum is white or brown (but not black).
Romanian barbel (Barbus petenyi)
The intestine is short, 1.5-3 times in body length. The peritoneum is white or brown (but not black). The barbel in the anal area does not have "cleavage" - scales of an increased size. The caviar of barbs is poisonous.
Large representatives are of commercial importance. Some are grown in pond farms in India.
Small barbs are often kept in aquariums. About 15 species of barbs are widespread in the aquarium hobby. These fish are peaceful and very active, but should not be kept with fish that have filamentous fins.
Common barbel, or madder (Barbus barbus)
The fauna of the former CIS includes 9 species of barbel, found in the basins of the Black, Azov, Caspian and Aral seas. Among them there are river, anadromous and lake species. The species Barbus megacephalus Günther, 1876 is known from the Paleogene (fauna of Indonesia).
Genus: Barbus Cuvier = Longhorns, barbs
- View: Barbus asoka = Barbus asoka
Species: Barbus barbus Linnaeus, 1758 = Common barbel, or myron
Subspecies: Barbus barbus borysthenicus Dybowski, 1862 = Dnieper barbel
- Species: Barbus bimaculatus = Two-point barbus
Species: Barbus brachycephalus Kessler, 1872 = Aral barbel
Subspecies: Barbus brachycephalus caspius Berg, 1914 = Caspian Barbel
- Species: Barbus callipterus = Variegated barbus
View: Barbus capito Guldenstadt, 1773 = Bulat-mai barbel
Subspecies: Barbus capito conocephalus Kessler, 1872 = Turkestan barbel
- Species: Barbus ciscaucasicus Kessler, 1877 = Tersky barbel
- Species: Barbus eugrammus = Five-line barbus
- View: Barbus evpretli = Barbus the clown, or Everett
- View: Barbus gelius = Sunny barbus
- Species: Barbus goktschaicus Kessler, 1877 = Sevan mustache
- Species: Barbus holotaenia = Long-striped barbus
- Species: Barbus lacerta Filippi, 1865 = Kurinsky barbel
- Species: Barbus macrops Boulenger, 1911 = Gambian Barbus
- Species: Barbus meridionalis Heckel, 1847 = Balkan barbel
- View: Barbus mursa Guldenstadt, 1773 = Murza
- Species: Barbus oligolepis = Island barbel
- View: Barbus pentazona = Five-lane barbus
- Species: Barbus petenyi Heckel, 1852 = Romanian barbel
- View: Barbus schwanefeldi = Barbus Schwanefeld
Species: Barbus tauricus Kessler, 1877 = Crimean barbel
Subspecies: Barbus tauricus kubanicus Berg, 1912 = Kuban barbel
- Species: Barbus vittaius = Single-streaked barbus