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Video: Initial Puppy Training 1-3 Months
During this period, the puppy is taught to the owner and his family members, feeding, his place, cleaning and washing, cleanliness, nickname, harness and leash, approach to the owner (command "To me"), leaving the owner (command "Walk"), cessation of unwanted actions (command "Fu"), games with the owner and peers, irritants of the external environment (walks).
Puppies of this age easily develop positive skills associated with any activity, and it is difficult to develop skills based on inhibitory reactions. To develop the necessary skills, food (delicacy) is widely used.
The puppy gets used to the owner and his family members in the process of constant communication with them. If a puppy is treated with care, kindly, and does not allow any actions that cause pain or fearfulness, then between him and the people around him, good relationships are established and strengthened, which among dog breeders is usually called good contact. It is important that the closest contact is established between the puppy and its owner. This is the key to successful puppy education and effective initial training. Therefore, the main work on the maintenance of the puppy should be performed by its owner, and the rest of the family can be involved in caring for the puppy only in cases of extreme necessity (illness of the owner, etc.).
If a small pet, when you appear, runs up and caresses you, often jumps up and barks harmlessly, accompanies you around the apartment or in the yard, seeks to start a game, and in case of your leaving it shows anxiety, often looks for you, sometimes whines, waits near the door, then, contact is established.
Regular intake of food and water - a vital need - does not require special training. In addition, by the day the puppy is weaned from its mother and transferred to another owner, he is well accustomed to a variety of food. It is important to water and feed the puppy regularly, at the same time, and observe the full value of the daily diet, following scientifically based recommendations.
Both underfeeding and overfeeding of a puppy are unacceptable. In the first case, it will lead to a lag in growth and development, and in the second, it will disrupt the normal process of digestion, impair appetite, and provoke obesity.
The puppy is taught to its place from the first days of its appearance in the house. This place, on which there should be a rug (doormat), is intended for resting the puppy, as well as for temporary placement in cases when the puppy interferes with people (cleaning the room, eating, etc.).
Every time, when the puppy, having had enough or having played enough, begins to lay down somewhere to rest, take it in your arms, take it to the resting place and after the command “Place” put it on the mat, repeat the command “Place” and stroke it. At first, the puppy will usually try to get up and run away. In this case, while holding the puppy on the bed, repeat the command “Place”, pet him and, as soon as he calms down, reward him with an exclamation “Good”, stroking and a treat, then move away. If the puppy falls asleep, finish the exercise at this point, but if he soon leaves his place and tries to lie down somewhere else, the lead should be repeated. Repeat the exercise 3-4 times during the day.
Using this technique, teach the puppy to leave on the command "Place" in cases when he begs while people are eating or when cleaning the apartment he starts chasing a broom, vacuum cleaner, etc.
Keep in mind that it is relatively easy for a puppy to get used to the command "Place" when he is full or tired, and much more difficult when he is excited by the smell of food at the table or a broom or vacuum cleaner moving on the floor. In the first case, skills are easily developed already in young, 1-2-month-old puppies, and in the second - in puppies that have reached 3-4 months of age and older.
The puppy is taught to clean and wash from an early age, when he is weaned from his mother and kept in the house or in the yard. There is no difficulty in developing the skills of a calm attitude to brushing if it is taught carefully, without causing pain or frightening the puppy. In this case, brushing will become a source of pleasant sensations for the puppy and every time he will happily run up to the owner as soon as he sees a brush and a comb in his hand.
This applies equally to teaching your puppy to wash. You just have to carefully monitor the temperature of the water, especially if it is taken directly from the hose with the mixer. There are times when the warm water is suddenly replaced with hot water and the puppy gets burned. After that, for many days, the sound of water flowing from the hose will cause the puppy to be frightened and actively resist washing. You cannot use water directly from hoses with such mixers to wash puppies.