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Video: Doberman Training
From the Editor: The published advice of a specialist, like many other recommendations, are of a general nature, represent a statement of the basic principles, methods of practicing a particular skill. For example, they are ideal for training puppies whose parents have excellent character, have passed rigorous and difficult tests, are well trained, since these puppies have genetically inherited strong character, strong nerves, courage and courage. If we are dealing with puppies that are timid, insecure, or your contact with a puppy is not very close, an individual approach, a softer and more sparing mode of education is needed. It is better if the puppy at the beginning of "primary education" does not feel the sharp differences between play, normal communication and training. Educate by playing, play by educating.
For those who intend to participate in competitions with their dog, it is very important to teach it to bark on command as early as possible. This is necessary when detecting an intruder or identifying the victim. At first glance, it may seem that for everyday life it is more convenient to have a dog that is silent on command, rather than barking. But no! To raise a civilized dog that will be silent under any circumstances (or after the first demand of the owner: “Silence!” It is necessary that she understands: “to be silent” means “not to bark,” and for this, first of all, it should be taught to bark on command. There are two ways to practice this command.
Arbitrary barking. Your young student will often bark at his peers when playing or at something in your garden. Take advantage of this, cheer him up by repeating in a low voice: "Okay, voice, okay, voice." After a while, order him: "Be quiet", while slightly squeezing his face with your hands. Praise, give a treat, and go play with it elsewhere. A few activities will be enough for you: your dog will quickly understand what the words "voice" and "be silent" mean.
Provoked barking. With this method, you will achieve the result in a few days. But you should only use it when your puppy is hungry, that is, before eating (always in the same place - where you feed him) or during the game. It is best if you are alone so that the puppy is not distracted.
Очень спокойно покажите щенку его миску, не давая ее. Выберите кусочек мяса, такой желанный для вашего маленького голодного четвероногого друга, поднесите этот кусочек к самому носу щенка, повторяя шепотом: «Голос, голос». Вы получите результат уже через 1-2 минуты! Очень важно, чтобы вы повторяли команду всегда тихо, шепотом, но заинтересованно, как бы «науськивая». Доведите до высшей точки нетерпение собаки получить лакомство, вы увидите, что очень скоро она не выдержит и требовательно залает. При малейшем звуке, изданном щенком, похвалите его, незамедлительно дайте этот желанный кусочек, сказав сначала: «Хорошо!», а затем при попытке щенка залаять, сразу же дайте команду «молчать!» Вскоре вы сможете потребовать от него более четкого лая, прежде чем дадите лакомство. Это очень просто: сделайте вид, будто не расслышали его («Громче! Еще! Голос!»). Затем таким же тихим голосом, каким говорили: «Голос!», вы можете попробовать сказать собаке: «Молчать!». К вашему удивлению, вы скоро заметите, что после команды она не лает - значит она все правильно понимает.
Gradually, you will get a longer bark from the puppy, as well as the execution of this command from a distance. It goes without saying that once a skill has been mastered, it is imperative that the command be executed on demand and without treats. Do not forget, however, to praise the dog for every command correctly executed.
During the first lessons, you may encounter some difficulties:
- You cannot get a voice from the dog - double your efforts to excite the puppy's impatience, show him a piece of meat, touch the treat to his very nose, saying quietly to his ear: “Voice, voice ";
- Your dog is tired: the exercise should not be too long and repeated. During the first lessons, be content with the slightest sound made by the dog, and in case of failure, give food not immediately, but after a while. Resume the lesson the next day.
As I already noted, it is easiest to practice this command always in the same place: a clear connection between the place and the execution of the command will be established in the dog's mind. In this regard, it will execute your command faster and more often. However, your dog can learn this exercise so clearly that one day he will voice without a command. In this case, scold her, go with her to another place and interrupt classes until the next day.
From now on, you should give the dog the command "voice" each time in a different place.
The command "to me". It is absolutely necessary that the dog obey the owner's command "to me" under any circumstances and on demand. If the dog does not obey, then only the owner is to blame. This means that he lacks firmness of character, knowledge in the field of cynology, as well as an understanding of the psychology of a dog. He could not create a harmonious union "master-dog", establish a certain hierarchy within this union, could not become a leader. He spoiled or "crushed" his student too much, did not always strictly observe the rights and duties of each member of the master-dog union ", so now his student neglects him," letting go "the master's commands.