Video: Doberman Puppy Ear Cropping
Gradually docked tails and ears became the exterior features of the Doberman breed. One cannot but agree that a short tail and cropped ears set high in a beautiful shape create a special, unique image of a Doberman - on the one hand, unusually cute, and on the other, frightening, slightly demonic.
Despite the fact that the FCI recognized the "usefulness" of a Doberman with uncircumcised ears a few years ago, the tradition of docking the tail and ears still prevails in most countries. However, as a result of the activities of the Society for the Protection of Animals, the number of countries where a ban on ear cropping is being introduced is constantly increasing. Following England, Austria, the Scandinavian countries, where a similar ban has existed for several decades, this trend has spread to Germany and Holland. And there is reason to believe that, following the example of the country - the "ancestral home" of the Doberman, the ban on ear cropping may gradually spread in all countries - members of the FCI. It should be mentioned that according to statistics, inin most cases, the introduction of a ban on this operation entails a significant reduction in the Doberman population. Therefore, the task of true lovers of the breed should be to cultivate beautiful, elegant, long cropped ears in the Doberman.
In Germany and other countries where puppies are handed over to new owners over 2 months of age, ear cropping and post-operative care are carried out at the breeder's nursery.
In our country, puppies are sold at the age of 4-6 weeks and all problems associated with the operation and care of cropped ears fall on the shoulders of the owners.
Since most novice owners acquire a Doberman puppy for the first time, they generally lack the necessary knowledge and skills to care for cropped ears.
First of all, the owner of a Doberman puppy should know that although ear cropping is a cosmetic operation, designed to emphasize the grace of the head and the beauty of the dog as a whole, it should only be performed by a high-class specialist… Theoretically, this operation is possible at any age, but for a number of reasons, 5-8 weeks of age is considered ideal. Experts and veterinarians do not recommend stopping the ears of puppies from 12 weeks until the end of the change of teeth. This is due to the fact that it is not easy to "put" a long, narrow cropped Doberman ear during the period of teeth change, bone formation and growth, since the supply of mineral substances in the body at this time is minimal and not stable. When determining the timing of the operation, it should be remembered that a beautiful, artificially cut ear is only a decorative element, and the natural formation of the skeleton and teeth in a puppy is a vital need of the body. By the age of 12 weeks, the puppy begins to form permanent teeth, their rudiments appear, for the strength and growth of which, chemically almost pure calcium is required in much larger quantities,than is required to strengthen the ear cartilage. It is also important that at a younger age, wounds bleed less and heal faster.
When cropping ears, it is necessary to use special clamps (templates), which are installed and fixed along the entire proposed cutting line to fix the selected pattern and shape of the future cropped ear. The clamp "squeezes" the blood vessels along the cut line, which reduces the intensity of bleeding. Clips come in a variety of shapes, with the most common being straight, slightly curved (S-shaped) and zig-zag.
The generally accepted rule is that the cropped ear must be at least 3/5 of its original length, i.e. during the operation, no more than 2/5 of the ear length is removed, respectively (the ear length is measured along its inner edge). Naturally, all parameters of the cropped ear (length, width, shape, trim line) must be in harmony with the size of the head.
On the day of ear cropping, do not feed the puppy before surgery.The operation is performed under general anesthesia. When the puppy is completely calm, relaxed and asleep, the vet sets and tightens the clamps so that the remaining parts of the ears are completely identical and have the desired length and shape. After inserting and securing the clip, the outer, hanging part of the ear is cut off with a scalpel (or blade). For model design of the tip of the auricle, it is better to use scissors curved along the working plane. After 2-3 minutes, the clamp is removed. The earlobe is cut with scissors. The wound along the edge of the ear is sutured with 7-12 stitches of an interrupted suture (the distance between the nodules is 5-10 mm). It is advisable to suture near bleeding vessels in order to close the lumen of the vessels when the silk is pulled together. When applying a suture, the cartilage should not be pierced with a needle, since during the healing process at the puncture site, cartilaginous growths (granulation) are formed,disfiguring the auricle. In case of early cupping (in weaned puppies), sutures are not used, since in this case the cartilage is not exposed.
If one clip is used (with us this is the main method - ed.), It is fixed alternately on each ear.
The clip is installed on the second ear using the already cut off part of the first ear (flap), which is used as a kind of "pattern" and helps to make the shape and size of the cropped ears absolutely identical.
Some veterinarians, after installing the clamps, use a coagulator rather than a scalpel to cut off the flaps. This method has several disadvantages. First, during the operation it is impossible to form the desired cutting line of the earlobe. Secondly, the further care of ears cropped in this way becomes more complicated and requires special care, since as a result of local cauterization along the cut line, a large amount of liquid may form the next day, the seam may disperse, the wound may open, and the risk of infection will increase.
After the end of the operation (to stop capillary bleeding), a cotton-gauze pillow is applied to the back of the head, the auricles are placed on it in a straightened form, covered with a sterile gauze napkin on top and reinforced with a bandage. The bandage is removed after 3-4 hours.
The dog generally calms down quickly after the surgery. But if she is worried about pain, then you can give 1/2 tablet of analgin, apply a cold compress to the head area, after covering the ears with a sterile gauze napkin so as not to infect the wound.
Until recently, only one way of caring for the ears was known: the scar formed along the cutting line was regularly cleaned of crusts, treated with brilliant green or other antiseptic, and after a few days, the ear was vigorously stretched, grabbing it with a hand at the very base, which caused the dog acute pain, causing it stressful condition. The procedure was repeated, as a rule, every three days.