Video: Allergies In Cats
Like humans, cats can have different types of allergies. If an animal suffers from any one allergy, then it is likely that she has others. Allergies in cats, like in humans, are of several types.
These are respiratory allergies caused by airborne particles such as pollen and irritating nasal passages and lungs. These are contact allergies, when a cat comes into contact with a substance that is not tolerated by its body.
And there are food allergies, not only to commercial feed, but also to meat, cereals, dairy and other products. Some cats do not tolerate certain medications, including antibiotics and anesthetics.
The most common type of allergy is flea bite allergy, and cats become more sensitive with age. In the warm season, a severe allergy, often fatal, occurs in cats after being bitten by wasps or bees. The treatment usually involves prednisone (pill or injection).
Approximately 5-10% of all allergies are caused by feed agents. Symptoms are severe itching, dermatitis, and in some cases, vomiting and diarrhea. In addition, the cat may have very oily skin, ear inflammation, and hair loss.
Allergy to feed may not appear immediately. It may take up to 10 years before a cat develops allergy symptoms to a particular food. 80% of cats have consumed food containing the allergen for more than two years.
Food allergies are treated with a gentle diet of boiled chicken or lamb and rice. Water should be given distilled (attention - danger of decalcification of bones in pregnant women, lactating cats and young animals!). Usually within two weeks the body's work is getting better.
Common non-food allergens include indoor plants (especially rubber plants), air fresheners, wool, dust, newsprint, detergents, and some medications.
Contact allergy symptoms: dermatitis, pigmentation changes, skin rash. Most noticeable on the lumbar region, chin, ears, inner thighs, abdomen, underside of the tail.
Medicines that commonly cause a skin reaction: penicillin, tetracycline, neomycin, panleukopenia vaccine. Antihistamines are used for treatment (after stopping the use of the medication that caused the allergy).
It is not uncommon for cats to experience an allergic reaction to cat litter, especially when new brands enter the market.
Respiratory tract allergies are often caused by dust, cigarette smoke, perfume, various aerosols and air fresheners, and pollen.
Antihistamines are used in treatment; more serious cases are treated with systemic steroids.
Attention! All drugs indicated in the article are given for example and are not a prescription for your animal! Allergy treatment should only take place under the supervision of a veterinarian.
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Article partially edited veterinarian candidate veterinary sciences V. Aronov - tel.: (812) 923-86-80, mob. +7 (911) 923-86-80.