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Video: Vomiting In Cats
All cats vomit from time to time. Some more often, others less often. This is not a symptom of a disease, as in humans, but an urgent need. Since cats are carnivores, sometimes they need to empty their stomachs of their own free will and without harm to the general health of the body. But if you notice that the cat vomits more often than usual or it behaves strangely at the same time, then you should contact your veterinarian.
Causes of vomiting in cats
Most often, vomiting in cats occurs due to the accumulation of hair in the stomach. To determine if this is the case, examine your cat's stomach contents for small, grayish balls (it doesn't matter what color your cat's coat is). Even short-haired cats have this kind of problem. all cats are licked. To keep the ingress of fur into the stomach to a minimum, it is necessary to comb the animal regularly. If a cat is vomiting precisely because of the fur, there is nothing to worry about. To prevent this vomiting, give your cat 1 teaspoon of olive oil or a paste to remove hair from the stomach 1-2 times a week.
Another cause of vomiting is overeating, especially dry food. If you notice half-digested food in the vomit of your cat, then most likely the cat has eaten too much.
Vomiting can occur if the cat is allergic to food. To find out if this is the case, try changing it to a different brand of food with different ingredients and without food coloring.
Sometimes cats vomit if they have parasites - their presence in the stomach can be identified in the vomit as white or yellowish "threads". It is necessary twice, with an interval of 7-10 days, to give the animal an anthelmintic agent - dironet, milbemax, cestal, febtal.
If the vomit is white or transparent, this may be one of the symptoms of panleukopenia (feline distemper), but panleukopenia in cats is characterized by an increase in body temperature, refusal to feed, and clinical manifestations of entero-colitis.
Sometimes cats vomit when they eat something inappropriate and try to get rid of it. If you see part of an object in your mouth, never try to pull it out. Especially if it is twine or thread. You can cut the intestines of the animal. In this case, it is necessary to take the animal to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible, where a foreign body will be removed under general anesthesia. Important: remove needles with threads threaded into them, as cats playing with threads can swallow a needle with them!
If, along with vomiting, the cat has some deviations from normal behavior, for example, apathy or refusal to eat, then this may indicate poisoning.
Recurrent vomiting may indicate an overactive thyroid gland. This is usually common in older cats. A blood test should be done and thyroid hormone levels checked. Also, vomiting can indicate kidney disease (intoxication).
In general, as unpleasant as it may be, you need to determine the cause of your pet's vomiting.
So, to summarize the above:
Causes of vomiting associated with nutrition: a sharp change in diet, eating too quickly, intolerance to certain foods, ingestion of foreign objects (garbage, plants, etc.)
Vomiting due to drugs: wrong dosage, allergies to certain types of drugs.
Poisoning with lead, ethylene glycol, cleaning agents, herbicides, fertilizers, and heavy metals is usually manifested by vomiting.
Metabolic disorders: lack or excess of certain hormones or trace elements, liver and kidney disease, sepsis, acidosis, heatstroke.
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: intestinal blockage, the presence of parasites, enteritis, intestinal inflammation, fungal infections, paralytic intestinal obstruction.
Colon diseases: colitis, constipation, irritable bowel syndrome.
Diseases of the abdominal organs: pancreatitis, pancreatic gastrinoma, peritonitis, inflammatory liver diseases, obstruction of the bile duct, steatitis, prostatitis, pyelonephritis, inflammation of the uterus, obstruction of the urinary tract, hernia, neoplasia.
Neurological reasons: pain, fear, excitement, stress, motion sickness, epilepsy, trauma.
One way or another, it is better to get advice from a specialist (at least by phone)
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Article partially edited veterinarian candidate veterinary sciences V. Aronov - tel.: (812) 923-86-80, mob. +7 (911) 923-86-80.