Video: Breast Cancer In Cats
Breast cancer is less common in cats, but it is malignant and difficult to treat. Breast cancer affects about 1 in 4,000 cats. In cats, it is usually fatal. The onset of the disease is closely related to the removal of the cat's ovaries. Early treatment can be successful.
Which cats are more at risk of developing this condition? Any adult cat can develop this disease, but the average age of the affected animal is 10-14 years. Siamese cats have a genetic predisposition to this disease, it occurs in them 2 times more often than in other breeds. Cancer is more common in non-sterilized cats, as well as in those that have been spayed after the first or several estuaries, whether they have had kittens or not.
Types of breast cancer in cats A tumor is most often a solid, immobile nodule attached to muscle tissue. With the growth of the tumor and its decay, the skin ulcerates and non-healing fistulas form. More often tumors are found on the first mammary glands. In half of cases, tumors affect more than one breast. The animal develops pain, with fistulas of the tumor, the wound becomes infected, which is manifested not only by the constant licking of the wound by the animal, but by inflammation and an increase in temperature.
Breast cancer in a dog
Treatment. Treatment usually consists of surgical removal of the tumor and the surrounding mammary glands. Some surgeons recommend removing all breasts from one side. Malignant tumors actively metastasize and require prompt treatment.
An examination of the removed tumor is recommended to determine if further treatment is needed. Chemotherapy is also often used in combination with surgery. Drugs such as mitoxantrone, cytoxan, and adriamycin are commonly used. Consult with your veterinarian oncologist before using any new drugs.
Forecast. If you catch the disease at the initial stage, then the treatment can be quite successful, but in most cases the prognosis is poor. Over 65% of surgically removed tumors reappear within a year. Unfortunately, most cats live less than one year after the disease is discovered. With intensive treatment, some cats can live 2-3 years.
Preventive measures. It is impossible to completely prevent breast cancer, but there are some tips for owners to help reduce the risk of developing this disease.
First: Neuter the cat before the first heat.
Second, avoid using progesterone medications such as odaban and depo-provera. These medicines are prescribed for the treatment of miliary dermatitis and certain conduct disorders in cats.
Cat owners need to weigh the risks and potential benefits of these medications. Finally, you need to be checked regularly by your veterinarian. Owners can do their own mini checks to detect any lumps, especially in the breast area.
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Editor: veterinarian, candidate of veterinary sciences V. Aronov - tel.: (812) 923-86-80, mob. +7 (911) 923-86-80.