Diseases Of Cat Breeds

Diseases Of Cat Breeds
Diseases Of Cat Breeds

Video: Diseases Of Cat Breeds

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Bombay: Strong feet can cause watery eyes or shortness of breath.

British Shorthair: hemophilia B ("Christmas disease" - by the name of the boy who was first described) - hereditary absence of factor IX in the blood. Increased bleeding after trauma and surgery. A platelet plug forms, but the basis of the clot is not fibrin, so when the clot dissolves, bleeding resumes.

Burmilla: no hereditary diseases.

Chartreuse: Hip dysplasia - often associated with dislocation of the knee. The severity of the disease ranges from severe degeneration of the joints to mild subluxation with slight displacement of the joints.

Dislocation of the knee joint - displacement of the patella. Often accompanied by hip dysplasia. It happens one-sided and two-sided. Clinical symptoms are sometimes absent. The animal refuses to jump. In the case of bilateral dislocation, the cat moves on bent legs. It is treated with surgery.

Devon Rex, photo photography
Devon Rex, photo photography

Devon rex

Cornish Rex: Hypoallergenic cats (although in reality there are no completely hypoallergenic cats, some breeds hardly cause allergies).

Hereditary hypothyroidism - low levels of thyroid hormone that causes hair loss. It is treated with the introduction of thyroid hormone.

Hypotrichosis - hair loss. By 6 months, the animal is completely bald.

Cimrick: The absence of a tail can lead to hind limb weakness and / or incontinence.

Due to the relationship with the Manx breed, diseases characteristic of this breed are possible.

American Bobtail: Generally, the breed is healthy and strong. No hereditary diseases were noticed.

Devon Rex: hypoallergenic breed.

Hereditary dislocation and subluxation of the knee joint - displacement of the patella. Dislocation of the hip joint is common. It happens one-sided and two-sided. Sometimes there are no clinical symptoms. The animal refuses to jump. In the case of bilateral dislocation, the cat moves on bent legs. It is treated with surgery.

Hereditary hypothyroidism - low levels of thyroid hormone that causes hair loss. It is treated with the introduction of thyroid hormone.

Hypotrichosis is hereditary baldness.

Dysplasia of the hip joint - often accompanied by dislocation of the knee joint. The severity of the disease ranges from severe degeneration of the joints to mild subluxation with no slight displacement of the joints.

Muscle spasticity is a neurological pathology: the inability to chew and swallow, can cause aspiration pneumonia.

Burmese: hypokalemia - acute lack of potassium in the body. In many cases, it can be cured by adding potassium powder to the feed. The first sign of the disease is muscle weakness. Sick animals hunch over.

Flat chest syndrome in kittens - the muscles between the ribs and the diaphragm do not contract and relax properly. The chest is sunken in appearance. It is also called swimmer's syndrome. It manifests itself in kittens 2-10 days after birth. In mild cases, it goes away without treatment. In some cases, it is corrected by medication. Recovery in severe cases is almost impossible.

Congenital keratoconjunctivitis dry ("dry eye") - a decrease in tear production or a change in its composition.

Inversion of the base of the third eyelid cartilage - displacement of the cartilage causing prolapse of the third eyelid lymphatic gland. It is treated with surgery.

Ocular dermoid - tissue of the conjunctiva or cornea is partially replaced by skin with all its structural components (hair follicles, sebaceous glands, pigment cells, etc.). Irritating to eyes. It is removed by surgery.

Exotic shorthair cat: teeth and jaw deformities occur. Due to the compact face, there are difficulties with chewing and breathing.

Slopes to chronic diseases of the sinuses.

Epiphora - increased lacrimation. Care must be taken to keep the corners of the eyes clean and dry at all times to avoid wet dermatitis.

The Exotic Shorthair is a related breed to the Persian, and therefore Persian-specific diseases may occur.

Himalayan cat: cutaneous asthenia is a hereditary connective tissue disease. The skin becomes soft, thin, highly elastic, very vulnerable, easily bursts. The disease is incurable.

Hereditary cataracts are clouding of the lens or cornea. Usually does not progress.

Psychogenic alopecia and dermatitis - too frequent licking and biting on the same part of the body causes either redness, hair loss, skin ulceration, or the skin remains normal, but the hair on it becomes stiff like bristles. Disease usually results from stress. There is no specific medicine, but it can be cured by giving the animal antidepressants. The breed is related to the Persian, therefore, diseases characteristic of the Persians may occur.

Javanese cat (Javanese): a hypoallergenic breed.

Hereditary heart disease.

Strabismus.

Nystagmus is an involuntary movement of the eyeballs. Does not affect vision.

Since the Javanese breed is close to the Siamese, there are diseases that are characteristic of the Siamese cats.

Highland Fold, photo photography
Highland Fold, photo photography

Highland fold

Korat: Susceptible to viral diseases of the upper respiratory tract.

GM1 - gangliosidosis is a hereditary disease of the metabolic system that manifests itself as a neurological syndrome. It begins at the age of 2-3 months with weakness, impaired coordination and tremor and by 12 months, paralysis of the limbs, blindness, increased sensitivity to sounds and epileptic seizures develop.

Maine Coon: Hip dysplasia - often found in conjunction with a dislocated knee. The severity of the disease ranges from severe joint changes to mild subluxation with minor joint displacement.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is an enlargement of the left side of the heart.

Dislocation of the knee joint - displacement of the patella. Often accompanied by hip dysplasia. It happens one-sided and two-sided. Clinical symptoms are sometimes absent. The animal refuses to jump. In the case of bilateral dislocation, the cat moves on bent legs. It is treated with surgery.

Manx: corneal dystrophy - corneal edema starting at 4 months of age develops into a corneal ulcer.

Pyoderma of the back of the body is a purulent inflammation of the skin. If pyoderma begins, the affected area should be trimmed and an antibiotic and astringent ointment applied.

In some individuals, weakness of the hind legs and impaired coordination are observed, which is expressed in a bouncing gait.

Oriental cat: there is a tendency to diseases of the upper respiratory tract.

The breed is related to the Siamese, so diseases characteristic of the Siamese can occur.

Persian cat: hereditary epiphora - increased lacrimation. Care must be taken to keep the corners of the eyes clean and dry at all times to avoid wet dermatitis.

Diseases of the teeth and jaws - the lower jaw protrudes strongly, which is probably the result of crossing to get a shorter nose while leaving strong jaws.

Curvature of the eyelids is such a position that the eyelashes rub and irritate the cornea, causing increased lacrimation, squint, vascularization and the formation of corneal ulcers. Requires surgical intervention.

Polycystic kidney disease is a poorly functioning enlarged kidney. Increased fluid intake and frequent urination, development of anorexia, and weight loss.

Narrowing of the nostrils - nasal openings too small. As a result of stress, the animal wheezes, snores, or breathes with an open mouth.

Bladder stones. May block the urinary tract. The kidneys cease to function and the cat's body is self-poisoned. If no action is taken immediately, the animal will die. 80% of affected cats are overweight.

Siamese cat: bowel, breast and skin cancers (mast cell tumors).

Hereditary heart disease.

Cutaneous asthenia is a hereditary connective tissue disease. The skin becomes soft, thin, highly elastic, very vulnerable, easily bursts. The disease is incurable.

Gastric hypokinesia - causes vomiting. May cause choking if vomit enters the windpipe.

Gingivitis.

Hypotrichosis is hereditary baldness.

Feline asthma.

Feline endocrine alopecia is a thinning of the hairline. Most commonly found in castrated males. It is treated with hormones, although it may recur.

Feline hyperesthesia syndrome - a sudden, violent licking of its back and tail, may be accompanied by frenzied meows and / or attacks on various objects.

GM1 - gangliosidosis is a hereditary disease of the metabolic system that manifests itself as a neurological syndrome. It begins at the age of 2-3 months with weakness, impaired coordination and tremor and by 12 months, paralysis of the limbs, blindness, increased sensitivity to sounds and epileptic seizures develop.

Dysplasia of the hip joint - often occurs with dislocated patella. The severity of the disease ranges from severe joint degeneration to mild subluxation with minor joint displacement.

Mucopolysaccharidosis VI is a deformation of the skeleton caused by a lack of enzymes.

Nystagmus is an involuntary movement of the eyeballs. Does not affect vision.

Primary fibroelastosis of fibrocardia is a congenital heart disease. Symptoms range from shortness of breath and exercise intolerance to sudden death.

Primary glaucoma is increased intraocular pressure. Sometimes painful. Blindness can quickly set in.

Psychogenic alopecia and dermatitis - too frequent licking and biting on the same part of the body causes either redness, hair loss, skin ulceration, or the skin remains normal, but the hair on it becomes stiff like bristles. It usually occurs as a result of stress. There is no specific medicine, but it can be cured by giving the animal general antidepressants.

Narrowing / pyloric dysfunction - narrowing of the passage between the stomach and intestines. May cause vomiting after eating and stomach bloating.

Sphingomyelinosis is a neurological disease and blindness caused by a lack of enzymes.

Burmilla, photo photography
Burmilla, photo photography

Burmilla

American Shorthair: This breed is of good health. No hereditary diseases were noted.

Peterbald (St. Petersburg Sphynx): cats of this breed are distinguished by good health. No hereditary diseases were noted.

Siberian cat: tends to have umbilical hernias, which are surgically removed.

Singapore cat: The breed is in good health. Some individuals are hypersensitive to some vaccines (but the reaction goes away quickly).

Snow shoo: the breed is related to the Siamese, therefore, diseases typical of this breed can occur.

Somalia (Somali cat): The breed is in good health. There is a tendency to gingivitis. The breed is related to the Abyssinian, therefore, diseases characteristic of this breed may occur.

Sphynxes (hairless cats): In general, the breeds are in good health. No hereditary diseases were noted. They do not tolerate heat and cold well.

Tonkinesis (Tonkin cat): low resistance to upper respiratory tract diseases.

Hypersensitivity to certain vaccines and anesthetics.

The breed is related to the Siamese, therefore, diseases characteristic of this breed may occur.

Angora cat: Deafness - genetically related to white hair and blue eyes. A cat with different eyes may be deaf on the side with which it has blue eyes. Cats of other colors are also prone to deafness.

Turkish Van: In general, the breed is in good health. No hereditary diseases were noted.

Balinese cat (Balinese): The breed is related to the Siamese, therefore, diseases characteristic of this breed can occur.

Bengal cat: entropy - eversion of the eyelids so that the eyelashes rub and irritate the cornea, causing increased lacrimation, squint, vascularization and corneal ulceration. Requires surgical intervention.

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Editor: veterinarian, candidate of veterinary sciences V. Aronov - tel.: (812) 923-86-80, mob. +7 (911) 923-86-80.

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