Video: How Is A Cat Giving Birth?
About 5 days before the expected birth, you should start measuring the temperature of the future woman in labor in the morning and evening. With the onset of the first phase of labor contractions, rectal measurement shows a decrease in temperature to 36.7 ° C (normally 38.3-38.9 ° C).
From that moment on, the cat, which was previously calm, loses its appetite and looks for a nest. She often licks her genitals. She may vomit.
If you have failed to accustom the cat to a certain place before giving birth, she may try to climb into the closet or bed. Transfer the cat to the box prepared for it and stay with it until the cat gets used to it and feels calm in this maternity hospital.
During the first phase of labor pains, the cat digs in its box, making a nest, sometimes even covering it with its fur. At this time, breathing usually quickens, tremors may appear, and the pulse rate increases. The cat rushes about, often changes position, milk secretion may begin from the nipples. At the same time, the muscles of the uterus begin to contract, while the kittens move from the horns of the uterus to the body and neck. This phase can last from 12 to 24 hours. It is most prolonged in primiparous cats. If this phase lasts more than 24-25 hours or the contractions are accompanied by severe pain for the cat, be sure to call a doctor.
During the 2nd phase of labor pains, strong attempts begin, which simultaneously set in motion the muscles of the abdomen and diaphragm. At the beginning of this phase, you may be able to notice a small amount of fawn or greenish fluid leaking from the vagina. The expiration of amniotic fluid occurs when the fetal bladder (the protective membrane covering the fetus) ruptures as the fetus passes through the birth canal, namely when it enters the vaginal canal. At this time, the cat lies on its stomach or on its side, less often it stands or squats on its hind legs.
The part of the fetal bladder that covers the kitten is shown at the exit from the vagina. Sometimes the amniotic sac is already ruptured before the kitten leaves.
From the moment when the head of the kitten appeared at the exit from the birth canal, it usually takes a quarter of an hour until its full appearance. If there is a delay, call your doctor immediately.
The muzzle and front paws of the kitten should constantly move outward with each push, but in no case should there be reverse movements.
In classic presentation, the kitten is positioned with its head and forelegs towards the exit. But in almost half of the cases, kittens walk with their hind legs, which is also considered normal and usually does not complicate the course of labor.
As soon as the kitten is born, it is necessary to immediately release it from the fetal bladder. This is usually done by the mother cat herself, but some inexperienced or nervous cats may not. In this case, you must help the kitten, otherwise he may suffocate.
The umbilical cord does not come off during childbirth. The placenta (baby's place) is permeated with a large number of blood vessels, and if you cut the umbilical cord, the kitten will be covered in blood. Usually, the mother cat bites the umbilical cord when the kitten has already been licked and cleaned of the fetal membrane. If the cat has not gnawed the umbilical cord 15 minutes after the birth of the kitten, cut it yourself. To do this, tie the umbilical cord with a clean thread at a distance of 2-4 cm from the abdomen. After that, you can cut the umbilical cord from the side of the kitten's belly. Usually the afterbirth comes out with the kitten or a little later.
Make sure that the number of afterbirths is equal to the number of kittens born. The placenta that has not gone away can cause inflammation of the uterus or a focus of any infection. Typically (although not required), the cat will eat the afterbirth after each kitten. You can let her eat 1-2 afterbirths, but not more, as otherwise it will cause vomiting and diarrhea.
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The third phase of labor includes the length of time that the uterus is calm after the birth of each kitten and the time during which the placenta emerges.
During this phase, the cat lies quietly and licks the kittens, some cats get up to drink water. This calm period from the birth of one kitten to another can last from 10-15 minutes to several hours, but usually no longer than 2 hours. The number of kittens in one litter usually ranges from 3 to 5. The average duration of labor is from 2 to 6 hours. Sometimes a normal delivery lasts more than 6 hours, very rarely up to 24 or even 36 hours.
Complicated labor in cats. The causes of obstructed labor can vary. The most frequent of them are weakness of labor and difficult patency of the birth canal.