Table of contents:
- The cat needs not only nutrients, but also foods that, although not digested, but stimulate the intestines
- And now the task:
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We have been together for a long time - a cat and a man. For more than two thousand years, cats have been entering a person's house to bring warmth and comfort, tenderness and affection into it. Europeans say that if you have a cat, you do not come to the house, but home. But even after so many centuries of coexistence, the cat remains a mystery to us. Not everyone knows that no one has ever tamed cats, she is the only pet that came to a person's house on her own, but remained in it to live on the rights of an equal. Only a cat uses sounds to communicate with a person, adapted for human hearing, but not used by it in communication with fellow tribesmen.
And only a cat, living next to a person, remained 100% a predator. This does not mean that one day the cat will snarl at your friends. Although, in fairness, we must admit that a hamster, canary, or a fish in an aquarium is at risk of learning the addictions of a small predator.
But this is not what we want to talk about now. Like any predator, a cat needs special nutrition. The needs of her body are such that her diet should contain a lot of animal protein, or, simply put, meat. But not all meat is perfect for a cat.
In order to understand what exactly your pet needs, you need to remember how cats behave in natural conditions - when they can get their own food.
And so, adult cats:
1. Cats love to hunt. Their victims are birds, mice, lizards. Also, the cat will gladly destroy bird nests. But you probably have never seen a cat hunting a cow or waiting in ambush for a flock of sheep.
2. A hungry cat eats the whole victim, if it is a mouse, then with wool, if a bird, then with fluff.
3. A well-fed cat can afford to be fussy - to eat only the liver or only the stomach of the victim.
4. A cat will never pick up a dead pigeon or a hare hit by a car.
5. Sometimes cats are happy to "nibble the grass" as a real herbivore. But not all. She carefully selects exactly the herb that she needs.
6. Cats rarely diversify their diet. If they live in the basement, then their main food will be mice, if they hunt on the street - birds.
7. The cat does not hunt "on schedule". She goes hunting several times a day, as the feeling of hunger arises.
Let's try to understand what is organic for your pet based on these observations. And so, a cat needs protein from birds or small animals. For her, both muscles (meat) and offal (liver, stomach, heart, etc.) are important, and the latter, as a rule, is considered as a delicacy. She does not use meat from large animals in her diet. Firstly, because these animals are inaccessible to her as a hunter, and secondly, the meat is too tough for the teeth of a small predator.
The cat needs not only nutrients, but also foods that, although not digested, but stimulate the intestines
Cats don't eat carrion.
The cat needs some plant-based substances.
Cats do not seek to diversify their diet. For them, eating with familiar products is more organic.
Eating "on schedule" does not please the cat. Her soul loves constant access to food.
Now the task is getting more complicated. We need to decide what is needed for a good nutrition of a little kitten. Unfortunately, here you cannot do with observations alone, and you will have to combine observations with arithmetic.
1. All children (and not only cats, but also human ones) are actively growing, actively developing, they seem to play actively 24 hours a day.
2. The metabolism of kittens is significantly higher than that of adult cats, and the incontestable confirmation of this is the frequency of visits by a kitten to the kitchen and "secluded places".
3. A healthy kitten always has appetite. Remember how funny kittens sleep in a bowl looks like to wake up and start eating again.
And now the task:
On average, a newborn kitten weighs 110-120 grams, a two-month-old kitten weighs about 800 grams, and a five-month-old kitten is close to two kilograms.
A two-month-old kitten, when fed with natural feed, consumes from 120 to 170 grams of feed daily, a four-month-old 240-270. Simple calculations show that for each gram of its own weight, the baby has to eat 0.2 grams of feed daily! But for every gram of weight of a five-month-old kitten, which has already stopped gaining weight so rapidly, only 0.12 grams of food is required.
And so the conclusions. Kittens eat a lot. It is quite difficult for a small kitten to assimilate a large amount of food. Therefore, the kitten's food should be nutritious, balanced, easily absorbed by the baby's body and provide the kitten with all the necessary nutrients. And, of course, proteins and fats must be of animal origin, since a kitten, like its mother, is a predator, and predators cannot assimilate soy and other vegetable proteins. The same requirements apply to food for pregnant and lactating cats, because the health, normal growth and development of babies depend on the nutrition of the mother-cat.
Of course, in nature, castrated and sterilized animals are practically not found.However, for cats living at home, this is perhaps the most acceptable lifestyle. Today it has already been proven that such operations prolong the life of a cat, make the pet more docile and peaceful, and reduce the risk of running away from home. But, castration changes metabolic processes in the body, and as a result, the animal requires specific feeding. And so, we are pleased with the calmness and lack of aggression - but this also leads to a decrease in the level of adrenaline in the pet's blood, which reduces the consumption of energy and fats. The level of sex hormones in the blood decreases, things spoiled by cat marks and sleepless nights under the trills of a pet end up, but the risk of developing urolithiasis increases. Molting ceases to be seasonal, wool is replaced evenly throughout the year, almost without causing trouble for the owner. But..a neat cat licks its skin throughout the year, removing the old fur.. Which can lead to the formation of hairballs in the stomach. So, what food does a neutered cat need? A food with a low fat content, but capable of dissolving and removing hairballs from the intestines, a food that will create the necessary level of urine PH and prevent the development of urolithiasis.
Let's continue our research and try to figure out what kind of food an aging cat needs.
With age, metabolic processes slow down. Reduced energy consumption. The level of hormones in the blood decreases. Cats become less emotional and less mobile. Aging affects not only the body but also the behavior of the animal. Alas! The concept of "senile bulimia" is known not only in humans, but in cats.
1. Inactivity and bulimia leads to the formation of excess weight.
2. A decrease in metabolic processes, coupled with low motor activity, leads to a decrease in the rate of intestinal motility, which in turn leads to the accumulation of toxic substances in the body.
3. The increased level of toxins in the blood, coupled with excess weight, accelerates the aging process.
And so, an aging cat needs food, which, on the one hand, is not very high in calories, on the other hand, it stimulates the intestines and removes toxins from the body.
And the last question. What does the owner need?
The owner needs his cat to like the food. Feeding her was not a problem, but simplifying the feeding process did not harm the pet. To ensure that the food meets the physiological needs of the cat at all stages of its life. So that the smell of cat litter is not smelly, and, after returning home from work, you caress your pet, and not rush to clean his toilet. To make the cat look well-groomed, happy, truly elite.
Elite feeds are produced, as a rule, not by large multi-brand companies, but by small firms with their own research laboratories and strict product quality control. Today in Russia, perhaps, one can give only one example of such a feed - this is Bosch-Sanabelle. These foods are more expensive than grocery or economy and premium food, but their consumption is much less: on average, a 400-gram bag is enough for a cat for a week. This means that both are happy - both the cat and its owner.