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Video: Show-, Breed-, Pet Kittens
Very often we have to witness misunderstandings arising from cattery owners in connection with the quality of kittens and producers. This happens because few people differentiate kittens by quality in litters, and many do not even know on the basis of what principles it should be done.
The question seems to be very important because the quality of the kitten gives others an opinion about the level of your professionalism, which will affect the rating of your cattery, and also help to avoid conflict situations when distributing kittens. After all, it is the quality that determines the price of this or that kitten.
The division of cats depending on the quality and purpose of their future use is accepted all over the world, in all felinological systems, be it FIFe, CFA, WCF or an independent association. But you will not find such a classification in any breed standard, or in any other regulatory documents: this is a collective concept that has been formed for decades, every self-respecting breeder knows about it and he knows how to use it.
There are three definitions of animal groups
Show quality (from the English show - a spectacle). This designates a high level and the highest quality, and the animals that fall into this group are intended for exhibition and breeding work. Accordingly, these are the most prestigious and expensive cats. This includes animals that fully comply with the standard. They are highly breed, have a minimum of flaws and not a single blemish, this is the standard of the breed. As a rule, such cats are decoration, pride and advertisement of the cattery.
Breed quality (from - English breed - breed). Animals in this category are intended mainly for breeding work, that is, for the reproduction of kittens. Basically, all breeders consider only the female half in this group, because breed-quality cats belong to the next, third group - pet. The breed-quality animal is a healthy cat with an excellent pedigree and good reproductive hereditary traits. The number one task for such a cat is to give birth to live, healthy and full-fledged kittens. When the owner of the cattery is in a difficult financial situation and is not able to purchase a show-quality cat for his cattery, a breed-quality cat is an excellent way out. Consider two options:
1. You can get a show-quality cat with a very short nose, excellent condition and excellent pedigree, but with some inaccuracies, such as problems with the bite, or, say, an eyesore. If not for these shortcomings, she could have had a successful show career. An animal of this kind has an upper limit of breed quality and is the most valued among all breed cats.
2. You can get a cat that has wonderful parents, but she will have a slightly long nose, slightly too big ears, a little long tail. In a word, it is not a shame to show such a cat not only to your friends, but, perhaps, at the show (but the maximum exhibition title for her will be Champion). Such an animal should cost slightly less than the previous one.
The last group is pet animals. This category can include both cats and cats of the lowest quality or with disqualifying defects and serious defects (cryptorchidism, fractures in the tail, color marriage, eye color marriage), animals that, due to certain circumstances, cannot reproduce offspring, as well as cats of a breed-quality and cats of lower quality than a breed - (weakly expressed breed characteristics), in general, those that are not of interest in breeding. Animals of this group should be cheaper than all the others.
From all of the above, it follows that all three groups have different purposes and prices.… Thus, starting to sell a litter, you should already have an idea of the quality of the kittens and their estimated cost. If, when selling a kitten or an adult animal, you warned of what quality you are selling a cat and signed an agreement in which you indicated belonging to one of three groups - show, breed or pet, I think you will save the future owner of your pet and yourself from troubles and surprises as a cattery owner. It is quite natural that the definition of the quality of a kitten is a subjective question: to some it will seem like a show, and to some it will be a breed. It all depends on the experience and, of course, the decency of the breeder. Novice breeders will always be given recommendations in the club when registering a litter. Unfortunately, in metrics and pedigrees, no special marks about the quality of the animal are made (except for the case,when, due to obvious defects, the mark “without breeding rights” is marked).
The majority of cattery owners in our country strive to purchase only show-quality cats. As for the cats, this is understandable, since the cat should only be of show quality.
Maine Coon kittens
But we shouldn't forget that the breed-quality cats still form the backbone of the cattery. They give birth to those wonderful Champions and Grand Champions, whom we see at exhibitions … And when buying abroad, almost all catteries do not seek to show off the mother of your future cat or cat. All this suggests that although breed-quality cats are widely used in the breeding program of all Western European and American catteries, they remain outside the grandiose shows and awards. Their destiny is to work and give birth to show-quality children, and the title "Outstanding Breeder" is awarded not only to show-quality cats, but also to breed-quality cats, after they give birth to five Grand Champions (according to the CFA system). To the name of such an animal, two capital letters DM are added at the end.
From the foregoing it follows that not all extreme cats are show-quality, and not everything that has a nose should not deserve attention. It's just that everyone must determine - what exactly does he need? My opinion is that you need both. In any kennel there must be producers of both show quality and breed quality.
Related article Buying a kitten
One of the attributes of a show of quality is such a concept as open expression - an open expression of the face. The fact is that the first specimens of extreme Persians and exotics in the United States had a too upturned nose and narrowed eyes, and this gave their muzzle a predatory expression. What are the directions in the development of the extreme type of Persians and exotics now? As always, the trendsetters in this are American felinologists. Raising the nose to an unattainable height for them turned out to be a task not so difficult and long. The next step is to smooth the muzzle so that the cheekbones do not press the eyeballs, slightly lower the nose (but nevertheless, it remains at the level of the lower eyelid). All together this will give our favorites an open expression of the face - or supen express. The eyes will become more open, more expressive,the outer corners of the eyes will be lowered slightly downward. The cat's face will take on a puppet, sweet expression;
In addition to the small, wide-set ears, this will create, according to American felinologists and breeders, the ideal type, which will combine excellent appearance and good health), I mean, the animals will not sniff and grunt).
At the same time, American felinologists are working on the animal's body - a compact body, a powerful skeleton, a short tail - these parameters are traditional and never go unnoticed. I think that Russian breeders will fully approve of the American strategy for breeding Persians and Exotics. And, despite the abundance of various felinological systems and clubs, they will achieve success in this field together.
Source Ruslan Massar, "Friend" magazine, 1996