Video: Choosing Lamps And A Cover For The Aquarium
Among other equipment (stand, heater, filter, etc.) you need to buy a cover for your aquarium. The lid will keep fish from jumping out of the aquarium and regulate water evaporation. A good lid seals the tank tightly (except where the filter and heater are attached), but some of the water will still evaporate and you will have to make up for these losses.
There are two main types of caps. Complete covers include the actual cover frame and the aquarium lighting system. These covers usually contain one or two fluorescent lamps (parallel to each other) which are quite suitable for fish, but they are not enough for growing plants. The hinged lids include two cover slips connected by a plastic hinge. Lighting is not included in such systems. The lighting is already installed separately and is used together with the cover. Hinged covers are well suited for aquariums with plants as the lighting system can be easily retrofitted without having to disassemble the entire cover. In places where strong lighting is needed, several lamps can be installed.
Covers for aquariums
Aquarium lighting serves two purposes. Firstly, it illuminates the aquarium, highlights fish, colors and, secondly, provides the energy needed by the plants. Unfortunately, these goals contradict each other a little. Most fish do not like too bright light, while plants lack the power of standard lamps included in full covers. If you want to grow plants, the correct light spectrum can be a problem for you. Please consult a professional before purchasing a lighting system.
If you are going to grow plants in an aquarium, then fluorescent llamas are your solution. White-hot incandescent bulbs generate too much heat, simply overheating your aquarium in summer. Fluorescent lamps at the same time give the same amount of light with less energy consumption and less heat. However, in summer, even such lamps can heat up the aquarium sufficiently (if, for example, you live in the tropics, or you do not have air conditioning).
Unfortunately, light not only promotes the growth of plants, but also algae. If you have a lot of easy-growing plants in your tank, algae will fill the empty space. Thus, fish lamps differ significantly from plant lamps. Both products have specific parameters: intensity (power in watts) and light spectrum. Some plants need a high intensity and a certain spectrum in order for them to grow better.
Different lamps produce different spectrum of light. The so-called "full spectrum" lamps try to produce light within the spectrum of sunlight. They are very good for plants and also reflect the natural color of the fish. Specialized plant lamps provide a spectrum that maximizes plant growth. With this light, plants (and algae!) Will grow well, but the fish will not look very attractive, since such light has little in common with the full solar spectrum.
Conventional lamps, or "cold spectrum" lamps designed for rooms without windows, neither stimulate the growth of plants, nor give the fish bright colors. General rule of thumb: use 2-4 watt full spectrum lamps per 3 liters of plant water; for fish tanks, take into account less than 1 watt per 3 liters of water and avoid plant lamps.
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