Twelve Things To Consider When Buying An Aquarium

Twelve Things To Consider When Buying An Aquarium
Twelve Things To Consider When Buying An Aquarium

Video: Twelve Things To Consider When Buying An Aquarium

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Video: Top 10 Things About Aquariums! Everyone Buying An Aquarium Should Watch. 2023, February
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1. The cost of setting up the aquarium and the type of fish. Keeping aquarium fish typically pounds. The main part of the amount is the cost of the required equipment. The aquarium, lighting, filters, and everything else can fail if used improperly. The price of fish can range from inexpensive fish to very expensive fish. Setting up an aquarium and buying everything you need will cost about 6-10 thousand rubles, despite the fact that it will be an aquarium "for a beginner". A saltwater aquarium will cost you a lot more.

Aquarium keeping aquarium fish photo photography
Aquarium keeping aquarium fish photo photography

2. The size of the aquarium and its placement. A convenient way to determine your aquarium size is to know in advance what kind of fish you will be keeping. And then your choice will be limited only by the area of ​​your home and your budget. Based on the basic rule: the more, the better, buy a slightly larger aquarium than you initially thought. This will give you the opportunity to add new fish in the future. Regardless of the size of the aquarium itself, be sure to place it on a stable surface.

3. Patience and the nitrogen cycle. The nitrogen cycle is a natural process for removing harmful chemicals from an aquarium. The bottom line is the decomposition of harmful chemicals by bacteria. The extremely dangerous ammonia under the influence of bacteria turns into nitrites (also poisonous), and these, in turn, are converted into nitrates. The bacteria responsible for the nitrogen cycle develop rather slowly, and it can take up to six weeks from the start of the fish to establish the nitrogen cycle.

Decorating the aquarium with artificial plants
Decorating the aquarium with artificial plants

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The development of bacterial colonies will take time as well as patience on your part. The first rule in this case is not to rush. First, add some plants to the aquarium, and after a couple of weeks some hardy fish. You should always start with the minimum amount of fish, given that the bacterial colonies have not yet had time to form.

Until the nitrogen cycle returns to normal, you and your fish will have a hard time. Always have ammonia chemistry tests on hand. The water should be checked regularly. Despite the temptation to make a water change, don't rush. Change the water only when absolutely necessary. Avoid adding new fish. Your fish may have adapted to the increased ammonia levels, and this could be fatal for new fish.

Herbalist, freshwater aquarium, photo photography
Herbalist, freshwater aquarium, photo photography

As soon as the nitrogen cycle is fully back to normal, the aquarium itself will begin to get rid of toxic substances. All you have to do is keep the bacteria colonies safe and sound.

4. Filtration systems. Buying a filter is one of the most serious issues you have to deal with.

Biological filters work on the basis of natural bacterial processes involved in the nitrogen cycle. Biological filters provide enhanced growth of beneficial bacterial colonies.

Mechanical filters remove contaminants from the water, such as excrement, non-eaten food, various debris and particles. Mechanical filters must be cleaned regularly.

Chemical filters will help remove what mechanical filters cannot handle. Water passing through such a filter reacts with chemical reagents, binding and removing impurities.

Pump filters provide the required pressure by pumping water through mechanical filters. Biological filtration is represented by various types of sponges or ceramics. Chemical filters are composed of carbon, resins, or all of these.

Discus fish, photo photography aquarium fish
Discus fish, photo photography aquarium fish

Electric filters provide convenient filtration and are a simple device that hangs on the back of the aquarium. Most of these filters use a cartridge, which contains the filter components.

Wet or dry filters are biological filters that use a biocycle.

5. Ultraviolet sterilizers. Ultraviolet sterilizers are used to control free floating algae, fungi, viruses and bacteria. They consist of an ultraviolet lamp. Water passing through the sterilizer is exposed to ultraviolet radiation, which is harmful to viruses, fungi and algae. Most commonly used in marine and reef aquariums.

6. Lighting. Proper lighting is very important for aquariums with live plants and aquariums inhabited by organisms whose food cycle depends on light. Good lighting will also add attractiveness to your aquarium.

7. Thermometers. No matter what kind of fish you are keeping, it needs certain temperature conditions. The water temperature in the aquarium should not fluctuate much. Temperature fluctuations can lead to stress and disease in fish. For most fish, temperatures between 23-26.5 ° C will do. If you keep a particular species, then you may well set the temperature in the aquarium that fully meets the needs of that species. If you contain several types, then 24 or 25 degrees will be the optimal temperature.

8. Chemical tests. The well-being of your aquarium depends on the quality of the water. You need to buy various reagents and additives to keep the water quality up to date. Chemicals to check the pH level, special water deodorants that remove chlorine are all necessary to keep your aquarium alive.

Installing the aquarium
Installing the aquarium

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9. Nutrition. Diet is an important aspect of your fish's health. Regular store food will not be enough to provide a complete diet. Fish need nutrients just as much as humans. Try to vary your fish feeding as much as possible. Some enthusiasts prefer live food. Among aquarists, controversies on this topic still do not subside. Feeding live food has a number of pros and cons. First of all, newcomers to the aquarium hobby should immediately forget about such feeding. Frozen food is a great alternative for you.

10. Diseases. All living organisms are ill, without exception. One day your fish will also get sick. You should not give up, feeling helpless, just as you should not panic. There are many ways to identify disease early. Since treatment depends on the definition of the disease, it would be good to buy a second smaller aquarium and use it as a quarantine tank. By removing sick fish, you may speed up the healing process, and at the same time protect other inhabitants of the aquarium from contamination.

Goldfish and koi carps, photo photography aquarium fish
Goldfish and koi carps, photo photography aquarium fish

11. Buying fish. Before you go out to buy fish, your tank must be in place for a couple of weeks for the nitrogen cycle to get back to normal and the equipment to work properly. It is worth deciding in advance what types of fish you want to buy and how much fish you will buy.

Here are a few things to consider when buying fish:

- the fish should be attentive, - be active, but not too much, - have clear eyes, - the belly should not be swollen, - the fins should be in good condition, - calm and breathe without difficulties

- to be clean and colorful, without unnatural stains or mucous discharge.

Transport fish in a bag filled with water. When you get home, dip this bag into your aquarium, let the fish gradually adjust to the temperature. If you have changed the pH level in your tank or added any chemicals, you should gradually add water from your tank to the bag. To avoid overcrowding your aquarium, use the table below.

Aquarium volume Total length of all fish (cm) Freshwater tropical Freshwater cold Marine tropical 35 l 25 eleven inappropriate 70 l 50 25 inappropriate 70 l (wide) 65 thirty inappropriate 95 L (wide) 90 40 23 120 l (wide) 120 50 thirty 200 l (wide) 185 75 45

12. Live plants. Live plants can be intimidating to beginner hobbyists. If you buy plants that are hardy enough, they will do well in most aquariums. They will help control algae growth, improve the appearance of the aquarium, and just have a calming effect on fish. If you are keeping live plants, provide a minimum of 1.5 watts of lighting per 3.5 liters of water.

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