Gourami Grunt (Trichopsis Vittata)

Gourami Grunt (Trichopsis Vittata)
Gourami Grunt (Trichopsis Vittata)

Video: Gourami Grunt (Trichopsis Vittata)

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Video: Trichopsis Vittata 2023, February
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A grunting gourami, or a talking fish, or a grunting trichoptis (Croaking gourami, Talking gourami) is an inhabitant of the reservoirs of East Asia. This fish is unpretentious in keeping and feeding, which can be recommended for novice aquarists. The largest species of the genus. During spawning and when clarifying the relationship between the males, the fish produce grumbling sounds similar to the croaking of a frog. Eats any food that goes into the mouth. Peaceful and active fish, a little shy.

Gourami grumbling, talking fish, grumbling trichoptis (Trichopsis vittata), photo photography aquarium fish
Gourami grumbling, talking fish, grumbling trichoptis (Trichopsis vittata), photo photography aquarium fish

Etymology: The genus name Trichopsis comes from the ancient Greek θρίξ (thríx), which means "hair" and ὄψις (ópsis), which means "appearance."

The fish got its name because of the characteristic grumbling sounds (similar to the croaking of a frog) that it can make under water. Sounds are produced when the pectoral muscles strain the tendons of the fifth and sixth rays of the pectoral fin. These beams have peculiar thickenings, and the whole structure works on the principle of a guitar: striking the taut strings causes a sound.

Gourami nagging (Trichopsis vittata), photo photograph of a fish
Gourami nagging (Trichopsis vittata), photo photograph of a fish

Habitat: Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and the Indonesian islands of Borneo, Sumatra and Java, about. Malacca.

Habitat: shallow, slow rivers or stagnant water bodies overgrown with dense vegetation.

Description: the body is elongated, high, slightly flattened from the sides. The snout is pointed. The mouth is small, the eyes are large. The pelvic fins are filiform, long; the anal and dorsal fins are sharp at the end and also elongated. Like all labyrinths, the nagging gourami has a labyrinth organ that allows fish to breathe atmospheric oxygen.

Gourami kissing (Helostoma temminkii)
Gourami kissing (Helostoma temminkii)

Related article Gourami kissing (Helostoma temminkii)

Color: greenish belly, whitish sides with turquoise shine. Two to four longitudinal stripes are located on the sides of the body. The main body background is golden. The fins are translucent, glowing with reddish-purple, greenish dots on the fins. The iris of the eye is reddish. The pectoral fins are colorless, the ventral fins are bluish. There are individuals with red, blue and purple fins, on which specks of red or green are located.

Size: 6-8 cm.

Lifespan: up to 3-5 years.

Gourami grunting, grunting Trichoptis (Trichopsis vittata), photo photography aquarium fish
Gourami grunting, grunting Trichoptis (Trichopsis vittata), photo photography aquarium fish

Juvenile color, Photo © Martin Grimm

Aquarium: top closed with a lid.

Sizes: for a couple - from 30 liters (size from 60x30x30 cm).

Water: dH 4-18 °, pH 6-7.3, aeration, filtration, slight flow. Weekly water change up to 20%. It is recommended to add dry leaves to the water.

Temperature: 24-26 ° C.

Lighting: diffused.

Soil: dark (fine to medium gravel).

Plants: thickets of living plants, including floating ones with long roots (pistia, salvinia).

Decoration: driftwood, stones, grottoes, plastic pipes, clay pots, free swimming space required.

Feeding: In nature, the grunting gourami eats insects, small crustaceans and larvae. In aquariums, it takes any food that fits in the mouth - live and frozen food, substitutes. Prefers to take food near the surface of the water.

Behavior: schooling fish, it is best to keep 4-8 individuals (with a predominance of females).

Personality: peaceful and active fish, a little shy.

Water zone: middle and upper water layers.

Can be kept with: peaceful fish (for example: rasbora, tetras, battles, haracin, loricaria and corridors).

Not to be kept with: aggressive fish (barbs, cichlids).

Gourami nagging (Trichopsis vittata), photo photograph of fish
Gourami nagging (Trichopsis vittata), photo photograph of fish

Breeding fish: spawning in pairs, in a spawning grounds (from 15 liters, it is possible without soil, with a water level of 10-15 cm). Water parameters: pH 6-7, dH 4-10 °, T 27-30 ° C. The female is recommended to be taken younger than the male. During spawning, fish do not feed. To build a nest, the male needs small-leaved floating plants (water fern or riccia, vodokras). The male builds a nest of foam on the surface of the water or under floating plants. During one spawning, the male collects from 150 to 200 eggs, and then guards the nest and fry. The female is removed after spawning.

Sexual differences: in the male, unpaired fins are more elongated, its color is brighter, the scales seem to glow red.

Puberty: begins at 4-9 months.

Number of caviar: 40,700 eggs.

Incubation period: 1-2 days.

Offspring: fry swim for 2-4 days. At this time, the water level is lowered to 5 cm and weak aeration is turned on. Water changes are done in small portions and regularly.

Growth rate: fast. Regular sorting of fry by size is necessary to prevent cannibalism.

Feeding juveniles: since the fry are very small, ciliates and rotifers are given as a starter feed, then brine shrimp nauplii can be fed with egg yolk.

Parent-deposition: The male is deposited when the larvae begin to swim.

Comments: The grunting gourami is very susceptible to fungal attack after transportation.

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