Video: Quarantine Aquarium
Quarantine tanks should be used by all aquarists when adding new fish to the community aquarium. Every time we add new inhabitants to the general aquarium, we risk introducing disease and parasites into it. At the same time, a new fish under the stress of transportation and relocation will be highly susceptible to any disease or parasite in the new environment. A quarantine tank allows new fish to regain their health before placing them in a new tank. According to experts, the quarantine tank is a vital piece of equipment that should be used by all aquarists.
Spotted green tetraodon (Tetraodon nigroviridis)
Why don't aquarists use quarantine aquariums? Most people do not run a quarantine tank due to the additional expense it will need to maintain. However, such an aquarium does not have to be large or expensive, and in the end it will pay for itself many times over.
What is the use of a quarantine aquarium? Quarantine tanks prevent the spread of infectious diseases. They allow new fish to adapt to a new type of water and feed. In addition, they can also be used to treat sick fish, as treatment in a shared aquarium will not only spread the infection, but also damage other fish and reduce water quality.
Quarantine tanks can also be used for fish breeding, for the recovery of stressed fish and for the safe growth of young stock. They are also used to isolate "hooligan" fish when new fish are added to the aquarium.
What is the optimal size for a quarantine tank? As a quarantine aquarium (both freshwater and marine), any capacity from 3 to 100 liters is ideal. It can be both an aquarium and an enamel bucket or a glass jar.
What equipment is needed to set up a quarantine aquarium? Most quarantine tanks should be equipped with standard fluorescent lights, heaters, rocks, artificial plants, or other items to provide shelter for the fish. For filtration, a sponge filter is suitable, which can be populated with special bacteria for biological water purification. After use, the quarantine tank and all equipment should be well disinfected. There is usually no soil in such an aquarium to facilitate cleaning and disinfection.
How to disinfect a quarantine aquarium? The reservoir and equipment can be disinfected with a mild bleach solution (2-5%) and then thoroughly rinsed. Drying the aquarium kills many aquatic pathogens, but not all. A separate siphon should be provided for a quarantine aquarium, which should also be disinfected.
How long should the fish be isolated? Most aquarists quarantine fish for 2-4 weeks. At this time, antiparasitic treatment with copper sulfate is often carried out (within 14-21), and fish are treated for bacterial infections only if there are obvious symptoms of the disease. Every other day, the water in the quarantine aquarium is replaced with fresh water in the amount of 10-15%.
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