Killer Whale Mouse (Mystus Mica)

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Killer Whale Mouse (Mystus Mica)
Killer Whale Mouse (Mystus Mica)

Video: Killer Whale Mouse (Mystus Mica)

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Video: Killer Whale brutally kills dolphins / killer whales hunt for dolphins - Amazing pictures 2023, February
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The killer whale, or the baby killer whale, is found only in our country. Endemic to the Amur basin. Many aspects of the lifestyle and behavior of the species have not been studied. This is the smallest of our killer whales. In aquariums, a very unpretentious species that takes any food. Unfortunately, in the wild, it is a rare species that continues to decline. For keeping in the aquarium it is necessary to purchase at least 5-7 "babies", since these are schooling fish.

Killer whale mouse, baby killer whale (Mystus mica), photo photograph aquarium catfish
Killer whale mouse, baby killer whale (Mystus mica), photo photograph aquarium catfish

Description

The body is naked, without scales, short, rounded. The dorsal and pectoral fins have spines. The anal fin is short. The caudal fin has a deep notch; its lobes are rounded. The head is small, the eyes are large. Antennae are long. The base of the adipose fin is longer than the base of the anal. The jaws and palate have small spiny teeth. Branchial stamens 9-13. Vertebrae 32-34.

Area

Russia is endemic to the Amur basin (Amur and Melgunovka rivers, Khanka and Ommi lakes).

Siamese killer whale (Pseudomystus siamensis)
Siamese killer whale (Pseudomystus siamensis)

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Dimensions

Length up to 4-5 cm, weight - up to 1.4 grams.

Color

The color is brownish-gray with light and dark strokes. On the head, there are longitudinal stripes from the top of the snout to the occiput.

Killer whale mouse (Mystus mica), photo photography aquarium fish
Killer whale mouse (Mystus mica), photo photography aquarium fish

Juveniles (length 3-4 cm)

Life span

The age limit for the crumb killer whale is unknown.

Habitat

The coastal part of the channel with a weak current with sandy or sandy-silty soils. Recorded in floodplain lakes.

Nutrition

The killer whale feeds on the larvae of caddis flies and pusher mosquitoes, copepods and cladocerans, terrestrial insects, molluscs and detritus.

Lifestyle

Practically unexplored.

Reproduction

Spawning is seasonal, portioned. One female lays up to 500-700 greenish eggs about 1 mm in diameter. The incubation period is 2-3 days. The male builds the nest and guards it.

Puberty

Maturation occurs at the age of 2 years.

Population size

A rare species, the number of which continues to decline, found in Primorye in a limited area.

Economic value

The killer whale mouse is an object of fishing.

Keeping in the aquarium

Sizes: an aquarium with a volume of 50 liters and more.

Water: dH up to 20 °, pH 6.8-7, filtration, aeration, weekly changes up to 20-30% water.

Temperature: 14-24 ° C.

Plants: thickets of living plants.

Decoration: driftwood, stones, clay shards and other decorative elements that create shelters.

Feeding: in aquariums it takes live (mosquito larvae, daphnia, cyclops, oligochaetes) and combined feed (dry food and catfish tablets).

Killer whale mouse, baby killer whale (Mystus mica), photo photograph aquarium catfish
Killer whale mouse, baby killer whale (Mystus mica), photo photograph aquarium catfish

Behavior: Recently captured killer whales prefer to lead a crepuscular or nocturnal lifestyle, but eventually begin to leave their shelters during the day. Since this species is gregarious, it is necessary to immediately buy at least 5-7 individuals. In this case, it will be possible to observe games and "round dances" of frolicking fish. But when kept alone or in pairs, "crumbs" behave more modestly - they hide in thickets and periodically search for food throughout the bottom of the aquarium.

Personality: peaceful.

Water zone: bottom layer of water.

May be kept with: Non-aggressive fish and shrimp.

Squeaky Killer Whale (Tachysurus fulvidraco)
Squeaky Killer Whale (Tachysurus fulvidraco)

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Breeding fish: in aquariums, breeding can only be achieved with hormonal injections. A spawning aquarium with a volume of 40 liters or more is suitable for a couple of fish. Eggs are thrown on aquatic plants or the roots of moisture-loving plants immersed in water. Water parameters: dH 4 °, pH 6.8-7, T 22-24 ° C.

Sex differences: the male is smaller and slender than the female.

Offspring: fry swim for 7 days.

Feeding juveniles: starter food - small zooplankton.

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