Video: Javanese Moss (Vesicularia Dubyana)
The stem of Java moss is soft, sometimes up to 17 cm long. The leaves are erect with a pointed or elongated apex, the leaf blade is serrated. Underwater, Japanese moss grows both vertically and horizontally. Older moss leaves are dark green, while young ones are light green.
Today, you can freely purchase it at almost any pet store or ask your friends aquarists. Javanese moss does better in some aquariums than in others.
Origin - Southeast Asia, including about. Java, where moss grows in moist, shaded areas in dense jungle where it covers roots, rocks, or fallen tree trunks.
- some types of snails and large cichlids.
You don't need soil to grow Javanese moss. It can take root on large rocks, woody snags, and even on plastic hoses and filter tubes. The most difficult time for a plant is when the moss begins to take root - during this period it needs more light (for example, under strong light, the duration of daylight hours should not be less than 8 hours).
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If you want the Javanese moss to grow faster, place it in the brightest spot in the tank. In order for the moss to take root in a specific place (stone or snag), attach it to it with fishing line or thread. If you want the moss to grow in bushes, then leave everything as it is, and if you need large thickets of moss, then you should periodically trim it.
If you fertilize this plant, it will grow faster and be greener. Aquarium fish provide enough fertilizer for this plant.
Photo © PicYcultura
Javanese moss loves to have a little current in the tank. It grows well in various artificial fountains and waterfalls, both in water and on land. This plant's love for running water can cause it to wrap around the aquarium filter and clog its hole. Be careful with this!
In poorly filtered aquariums, uneaten fish food, fish waste, and other debris can build up on Javanese moss. If there is a lot of debris on the moss, it will clog the pores of the leaves of the plant, and they can suffocate. In turbid water, the moss does not feel well, since in such water its leaves quickly form plaque, which disrupts its nutrition.
Javanese moss grows fairly quickly in moderate light. You may even need to lower its intensity to slow down the growth of this plant, especially if you notice that it has grown too fast and takes up too much space, making it difficult for the fish to move in the water.
Aquarium fish, especially barbs, zebrafish and other species, often use Javanese moss to lay their eggs. Newborn fry hide in moss, hiding from their hungry parents and other fish. They find in this plant the remains of eaten food and feed on it.
Javanese moss is very unpretentious in terms of water quality. It can live in water of varying hardness, even in ordinary tap water or brackish. Also not picky about water changes: it grows well, both in fresh and old. By the way, some fish also prefer slightly brackish water, so Javanese moss can be grown in aquariums with such fish. The optimal water temperature for it is 24-28 ° C, at temperatures below 22 ° C, its growth slows down.
Javanese moss can be propagated by simply dividing its colony into several parts.
So, Java moss is a very unpretentious and fast growing plant. The growth rate of moss depends on various conditions, but even under the most severe conditions, this plant maintains its viability.