Anubias Jungle

Anubias Jungle
Anubias Jungle

Video: Anubias Jungle

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Video: 120cm tank Aquascaping- jungle layout and Anbias Nana Petite #aquascaping #plantedtank #aquarium 2023, February
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Morozov explains his special attitude to these plants in this way. First, Anubias are very stable. Those who grow them are spared worries about the quality of tap water, which is very important in a modern city, especially St. Petersburg, where water sometimes contains dangerous technological impurities. It happens that you replace the water in the aquarium, as usual, and suddenly you notice that the plants are releasing deformed new leaves, or even completely shed their foliage.

This does not happen with anubias, they are very stable (of course, subject to the generally accepted biotechnology of plant cultivation in an aquarium and regular replacement of 1 / 3-1 / 5 of the water; these plants also do not tolerate a sharp, illiterate change in the conditions of detention).

Anubias afzelii, photo photography aquarium plants
Anubias afzelii, photo photography aquarium plants

Anubias afzelii

Secondly, Anubias are quite undemanding: they do not need special heating of the aquariums, they are content with weak lighting, and if the light bulb burns out, they will wait until the owner buys and installs a new one (Cryptocorynes, for example, will not survive one day without the usual lighting, they will drop the leaves).

Thirdly, these plants are easily manageable: by pruning, different methods of rooting rhizomes, you can easily regulate their growth - slow down, speed up, multiply, or, conversely, slow down reproduction as unnecessary.

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Finally, anubias are very decorative and extremely diverse; they can be used to decorate an aquarium with an amphitheater or in some other way.

I listen to the explanations of Igor Mikhailovich, but something causes me great doubts. For example, can plants of the same genus provide decorative variety?

- Yes, you come, says Morozov, - you will see for yourself.

Anubias heterophylla, photo photography aquarium plants
Anubias heterophylla, photo photography aquarium plants

Anubias heterophylla

And here I am visiting him, in the kingdom of the Anubias. Large aquariums give a strange impression: some have soil, others do not, the water level is from 5 to 15 centimeters, all plants are in pots, their foliage is either above water in air saturated with vapors, or partially in water.

However, what is so strange about that? In the world practice of cultivating the vast majority of aquatic plants, two methods have long been known: either they are grown in water (botanists use the international term submers for this method), or over water, in a semi-submerged state, or even completely without water (emers). After all, most aquatic flowering plants are amphibionts (they can grow in both aquatic and air environments). Anubias plants are typically coastal, flooded with water only during the rainy season.

In Morozov's aquariums above the water there is a real "colorful" jungle, striking with an amazing variety: light green, bright green, dark green, green with a clearly visible vein pattern, young reddish leaves. Some are matte, others are glossy, shiny. And all of different shapes.

Here are the dark green ovoid leaves with pointed ends, the most famous species for aquarists - Anubias barteri var. nana. Nearby, they are almost the same and yet not so - larger and elongated light green leaves of Anubias barteri var. glabra. Aquarists are well aware of the rather large Anubias afzelii with lanceolate leaves, strongly pointed at the ends. And around it, like a miniature reflection of this plant, a small one with dark green leaves and reddish petioles Anubias barteri var. angustifolia. In the background wide burdock leaves are spread by Anubias bartire var. berteri, and among them are the sharp lancets of Anubias heterophylla.

Anubias gracilis, photo photography aquarium plants
Anubias gracilis, photo photography aquarium plants

Anubias gracilis

From this more or less simply arranged foliage of the Anubias, winged leaves stand out - at their base there are lateral processes. In Anubias gracilis they are almost not separated from the leaf blade, in A. gilletii they are gracefully turned to the sides from the axis of the central vein, and in Anubias hastifolia they are perpendicular to this axis. And above all this, the huge three-lobed leaves of Anubias gigantea reign, it has a central plate and side wings of the same size.

Yes, Morozov is right: there are only anubias in the aquarium, but what a variety!

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In 1979, Wim Crusio revised the genus Anubias, first described in 1857. By this year, there was a description of 18 species. Crusio, working with herbarium materials and greenhouse plants, reduced all the diversity to 8 species, 5 subspecies. Of these plants, Morozov has not yet cultivated only one species - Anubias pynaertii. But this does not mean that the collector has a little more than a dozen Anubias: in the greenhouses of botanical gardens, Anubias often bloom and form hybrids. In addition, thanks to expeditions to the tropics of Africa (and only on this continent there are Anubias), more and more new varieties of these plants appear for amateurs; they have not yet been determined - whether these are natural hybrids, or new species. Morozov has a dozen of such "passportless" options. One of them is Anubias undulatus with leaves,wavy around the edges - I especially liked it.

- Now the Moscow botanist M. Serebryany is trying to identify these varieties of Anubias, explains Igor Mikhailovich.

Anubias barteri caladiifolia (Anubias barteri var. Caladiifolia), photo photography aquarium plants
Anubias barteri caladiifolia (Anubias barteri var. Caladiifolia), photo photography aquarium plants

Anubias barteri

The story about how a collector cultivates and propagates plants seemed very interesting to me. In pots at the edges, he places soil from boiled peat with natural silt and a small amount of granular charcoal. The bottom under this mass falls asleep with stones, drainage is obtained; places the roots of the plants in the center of the pot and covers them with gravel. When the pot of Anubias is removed from the water, it flows down through the drain, and the root environment is completely renewed. At the same time, the plant can be content with nutrition from this environment, but it can also launch lateral roots into more nutritious soil located at the edges of the pot.

- The roots of Anubias are different, - Morozov takes out a plant from the water, placed between the pots. - A thick sponge of small tangled roots forms in the water, and thick long roots with more or fewer branches grow in the ground.

Anubias reproduce in two ways - slow and fast (forced). At the first, shoots appear naturally from a creeping stem - rhizomes. At the second, its beginning with three to four leaves is cut off from the rhizome, then processes appear on the remaining part, and quite quickly. If the back of the rhizome is large enough, you can divide it into parts, two or three processes will appear from each. Morozov cuts off flowers so as not to weaken plants, prevent spontaneous hybridization, and preserve the purity of species. Once the roots appear on the shoots, they can be planted in pots.

- Igor Mikhailovich, do you share this wealth of yours with anyone?

- But how. There are many Anubias lovers. They find out about me, they call, they come, they don't come back empty.

Source: M. Makhlin, magazine "Aquarium", 1994 - 2

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