Table of contents:
- So, let's start installing
- A few details …
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Video: Installing And Running A Marine Aquarium
The larger the aquarium, the less hassle with it. We do not recommend aquariums smaller than 120 liters. The water temperature should be around 25-27 ° C. Underwater heaters work better than conventional heaters because salt can enter the heater and harden. The density of the water should be between 1.020 - 1.021, excluding reef fish and fish that are found in the Red Sea. These fish require a density of about 1.023 - 1.024.
Filtration. In marine aquariums, two types of filters must be used. A mechanical filter and in addition a biological one. Mechanical will rid you of particulate matter. Magnetically coupled cartridge filters will not work as well as conventional and canister filters. Magnetic filters provide less water circulation than other types. Magnetic double canister filters are really good and easy to use as they take water from one end of the aquarium and deliver it to the other, while the water passes through a thick layer of filter media. Jet filters can be used for biological filtration. This system combines both mechanical and biological filtration. And such a system will cover most of the water in the aquarium at once. As a result, it takes less time to filter.Protein collectors significantly improve the quality of the water passing through the jet filters.
Related article Launching a marine aquarium
Launching a marine aquarium.Fish create waste. These wastes decompose into ammonia, which is toxic to fish at the acid-base balance that is maintained in a marine aquarium. This is the reason for the urgent need for biological filtration. Bacteria in the jet filters decompose ammonia into nitrite. As soon as nitrite appears in the water, the second type of bacteria decomposes nitrite into nitrate, which is already relatively safe for fish at low concentrations. To create a cycle of biological filtration, hardy fish (most often from the Pomacentridae family - Pomacentridae - amphiprions, premnas clowns) are usually added to the aquarium. You can also use eels or groupers - they are quite hardy. To start the aquarium, let it sit for a couple of days, and then add hardy fish. For every 2,5 cm of fish should have 15 liters of water each (slightly less for eels). Another way to start the biocycle is to use ammonia instead of live fish (the so-called chemical method).
Yellow Zebrasoma (Zebrasoma flavescens)
Setting up an aquarium takes about six to ten weeks (4-6 weeks for chemical). The process can be sped up by adding live rocks and live aragonite sand. This will only accelerate, not replace the biocycle.
Adding fish. When the ammonia and nitrite levels are at zero, you can add fish. Remember the simple rule - 2.5 cm of fish for 10 liters of water, 5 cm for 15 liters and 10 cm for 35 liters of water. Unlike freshwater fish, most marine fish live alone. If you want to keep several fish of the same species or several species of similar color and size, add them to the aquarium at the same time. Otherwise, the fish that has already taken root in the aquarium will simply kill the beginner. This rule is especially true for zebras, clowns and some other types of fish. The fish should be added in small groups to avoid causing an increase in ammonia levels. If you add more than one fish at a time, the ammonia level will rise.
Feeding. It is best to feed saltwater fish twice a day. Live food is not necessary for most fish species. A combination of frozen shrimp and Formula 2 (seaweed food) is fine. The use of several types of frozen food to provide fish with a varied diet is only welcome, as is the addition of romaine or lettuce salads and spinach to the diet. Dry food should be used sparingly with hardy marine fish.
Water changes. With a standard filtration system, about 50% of the water should be changed every month (for densely populated aquariums).
Preparations. The only drugs advised to add are copper sulfate and citrate. Various antibiotics, dyes, etc. can destroy the filtration system in one way or another. Use them only in quarantine tanks.
Installation and maintenance of aquarium with tropical fish. Follow the general principles of tropical aquarium maintenance to avoid embarrassment. Many aquarists advise against the use of soil filters, other than a sufficiently powerful system.
So, let's start installing
Before setting up the aquarium, make sure it is level and level.
Rinse soil and charcoal before use.
Add Amquel, or another dechlorinator.
Set the temperature between 24-25 ° C.
Set the pH to 6.5 - 6.7 and check once a week.
Aquarium salt - 1 tablespoon in 15 liters of water.
Feeding - Alternate between frozen and flaked foods.
Change 50% of the water once a month.
Related article Settling a marine aquarium (phases)
A few details …
- When the aquarium is completely filled with water, it weighs approximately 4.5 kg per 3.5 liters. Therefore, do not place the aquarium on unstable or uneven surfaces unless you want it to collapse to the floor.
- During transport, the cardboard parts of the packaging rub against each other, thereby creating a semblance of dust, rinse the aquarium before use.
- Fill the aquarium with water and add a dechlorinator.
- All tropical fish need warm water, only goldfish can survive in cool water.
- There are several reasons why the level of acid-base balance should be within 6.6. For example, pathogenic microorganisms multiply much more slowly in acidic water, and ammonia is less toxic in acidic water.
- Many fish grew up in water containing salt, and fish also lose salt from their bodies through their gills when in demineralized water. The salt does not evaporate, and therefore it is worth adding it once and then during water changes.
- Many fish are carnivorous by nature and feed on larvae, worms and crustaceans. Frozen shrimp, since they are large enough by nature, will replace meat for you and will also reduce the tendency of one fish to attack another. A small piece of shrimp should be broken down into the number of pieces corresponding to the number of fish in the aquarium. These pieces should be placed in warm water to thaw. Then drain the water and feed the already clean and thawed shrimp into the aquarium.
And finally. Since the water constantly evaporates and leaves minerals in the aquarium, add the necessary minerals with a portion of new water. This will make the water hard and create a non-biodegradable sludge. Also add dechlorinator and salt, equalize the pH level before adding this water to the aquarium. You can also replace charcoal and sponges in filters. You can also clean the soil.
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