Launching A Marine Aquarium

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Launching A Marine Aquarium
Launching A Marine Aquarium

Video: Launching A Marine Aquarium

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Video: Setting Up 110 Gallons Reef Tank - Part 1 2023, January

So how do saltwater aquariums differ from freshwater ones? Marine aquariums are much more sensitive to any changes in the environment. The most important parameters for marine aquariums are pH, salinity and temperature. Periodically, nitrite and ammonia will cause problems. These parameters do not differ from those in a freshwater aquarium, but they vary greatly.

pH in a marine aquarium is one of the most important parameters. Marine fish and invertebrates are highly susceptible to changes in acid-base balance. Thus, fluctuations in pH by 0.2 per day are very critical. Marine animals prefer a pH between 8.0 and 8.4, but the acid-base balance should not fall below 8.0

The next indicator is the level of nitrite. Fish are much more resistant to nitrite than invertebrates, but still prefer nitrite levels below 20ppm.

Anemones, polyps, reef aquarium, photo photography underwater world
Anemones, polyps, reef aquarium, photo photography underwater world

Salinity, or density. In general terms (very general terms) this is how much salt is in your tank. Many aquarists assume that gravity and salinity are the same thing, but if one goes into the details, this is not the case. Density depends on temperature, but salinity does not. Most hydrometers are calibrated for a density reading of around 59F. But in any case, all animals calmly acclimatize to density, if it does not change frequently. The density of a marine aquarium should be around 1.022.

Finally, the temperature. The temperature for saltwater aquariums is the same as for freshwater aquariums. And it should be within 24-27 ° C. Sudden changes in temperature stress the fish and can lead to disease, so you need a good heater.

Other metrics include controlling the alkalinity and hardness of the water. Alkalinity control requires special attention. Without proper alkalinity, the pH in your aquarium will change dramatically, which can be very dangerous for your inhabitants later on. The alkalinity should be between 2.5 and 3.5 meq / L. Calcium is more important for reef aquarium owners. However, if you are keeping invertebrates, then be sure to monitor your calcium levels. Without calcium and trace elements, many invertebrates will not be able to grow their exoskeleton and may soon die. Calcium levels should be between 400 and 500 ppm Ca ++.

It is much easier to keep invertebrates like shrimp, but even they need additives like iodine and trace elements. Most feed contains the necessary additives.

Now that we know which parameters are the most important, let's figure out how to successfully maintain a marine aquarium. Successful aquarium maintenance is based on the fact that you will consult with people, and not with one person, but with many. For example, many people advise using soil filters. However, it is worthwhile to comprehend everything well. However, a saltwater aquarium with dry / wet filters would require much less maintenance and be easier to maintain.

Also, one of the most important issues is the size of the aquarium. It is generally accepted that the larger it is, the better. A large aquarium is easier to control and a small oversight is not a fatal mistake. An aquarium for beginners should be at least 70 liters, and preferably 200. Fish love large long aquariums, plus, the larger the aquarium, the better gas exchange takes place in it.

Before deciding on the size of the aquarium, keep in mind that the density of fish in a marine aquarium is much lower than in a freshwater one. Planting more than two fish in a 35L marine aquarium can be a nuisance. The basic rule is that for every 35 liters there are 10 cm of small or medium fish, or 5 cm of large fish.

Reef aquarium with fish, photo photography underwater world
Reef aquarium with fish, photo photography underwater world

In addition, what kind of fish you can keep, the size of the aquarium also determines the filtration equipment and lighting. Aquariums that are 120 cm long are usually much cheaper than non-standard aquariums. Lamps for 120 l cans are much easier to choose, since they are presented in the widest range. Plus, a larger jar will require more lighting and more powerful filtering. A good tank volume is about 200 liters.

Take a close look at the aquarium lid. Many of them are designed for 120 cm lamps. But it is also possible to set 2 60 cm (they are usually much more expensive).

From the moment you decide to purchase an aquarium, make sure you have somewhere to put it. The aquarium should not be located in direct sunlight or in an overly dark place. Now make sure that the stand can support the weight of the aquarium filled with water, add the weight of the soil and equipment to this weight. As a result, a 200 l aquarium will weigh about 365 kg.

After we have decided on the aquarium, it is worth paying attention to the soil. It is best to use limestone soil, such as ground coral. This soil will also help to enrich the water with ions. The soil should not be too fine to be sucked into the filter.

Installing and running a marine aquarium
Installing and running a marine aquarium

Related article Setting up and running a marine aquarium

Live sand is an established form of aquarium gravel. But not recommended for novice aquarists. After selecting a soil, think about a filtration system. Your choice may depend on the type of soil. UGF and RUGF systems require a 5 cm soil layer (2-3 mm) to cover the filter plate. You don't need a primer if you are using non-UGF filters, however most do.

Now we select the scenery. There are a great variety of them on sale. From dead coral to volcanic tuff. Corals are the most popular, but they are expensive. Lava and volcanic tuff don't cost much and can give your aquarium an interesting look. Living stones - this is exactly the term that people rush to the right and left, not really understanding it. A living stone (rock) is a stone that was taken from the reef system, once it served as a home for many organisms.

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