Video: Jutland Horse (Danish Heavy Draft)
Jutland, or Danish horse (Jutland horse) - draft horse breed, like Frederiksborg, comes from the old Danish and peasant horses, which in turn descended from a small horse of the Bronze Age. It is the only draft horse bred in Jutland since the Middle Ages. Named after the Jutland Peninsula, which forms the western part of the country.
Heavy horses have been bred in the Jutland Peninsula for centuries, at least since the 12th century, when the need for war horses was great. In the paintings of the 9th century, you can see the images of the Vikings on horseback, very similar to the Jutland one. Combining incredible strength with an exceptionally docile nature, the Jutland horse was ideally suited to the saddle of heavily armed medieval knights.
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There is a theory that the Vikings took the Danish horse to England, from which the Suffolk horse later descended. It is undeniable that there are tremendous similarities between these two breeds.
In the 18th century, a lighter horse was needed for agriculture, which would be strong and hard-working. Therefore, the blood of the Frederiksborg horse was added to the Jutland horse, which improved its course, making its movement energetic and free. The Jutland horse has become a peaceful, obedient and powerful working horse.
The development of the breed was significantly influenced by the stallion Oppenheim LXII, imported to Denmark in 1862. It is not known exactly whether Oppenheim was a purebred Suffolk or a cross between a Suffolk and a Shire. His descendant, Aldrup Menkedal, is considered the founding stallion of the modern breed. Most of the living Jutland horses are descended from his two sons, Hovding and Prince af Ylland.
The first stallion register was established in 1881 and the first herd book was opened in 1887. In the 1950s, there were 405 stud farms in Denmark and 14,416 mares and 2,563 stallions were registered. Mechanization has led to a strong decline in the number of these wonderful horses.
Today the Jutland horse can be found at exhibitions and shows, they are used in harness and raised for meat. The Carlsberg Brewery keeps several of these horses for advertising and competition in the transport of beer casks.
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The height at the withers is from 158 to 165 cm. The color is predominantly dark playful with light mane and tail. In the early 1900s most horses were black, but today this color is quite rare. Live weight from 650 to 800 kg.
Exterior of the Jutland horse: a heavy, rather simple head with a convex profile; big ears; short thick neck; flat withers; strong muscular shoulders; deep body with wide chest; oval, muscular, slightly sloping croup; short legs with strong joints and flat hooves; long thick mane, tail; thick brushes covering the lower limbs.
In the 1950s, Denmark had hundreds of thousands of Jutland horses, and in 2011 there were about 1000 of them.