Video: Hakne (horse)
Hackney (Hackney horse) - British draft, horse breed, bred in Norfolk based on local mares, which was crossed with the Roadster differs good trot, and Arab stallions. It is in demand all over the world as a coach horse, especially at exhibitions.
Hakne as a breed emerged in the late 17th - early 18th centuries. and is a descendant of the famous English trotters of that time - the Yorkshire trotter and the Norfolk roadster. These horses share a common ancestor known as Original Shales (born 1755) from the English thoroughbred stallion Blaze and the mare, recorded as "hakne", which in those days meant "riding horse", more elegant than heavy work horses. Blaze is the son of the famous Flying Childers and the grandson of Darley Arabian, one of the founding stallions of the thoroughbred horse. Blaze and his descendants, most notably his two sons Driver and Scot Shales, have had a huge impact on the breeding of East Anglia trotters.
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The development of roads in England in the mid-18th century also contributed to the development of the breed. Now horses were required that did not drag carts along deep ruts, but had a high speed. In July 1800, a famous mare named Phenomenon ran 17 miles in 56 minutes, and one of her daughters Phenomena in 1832 ran 17 miles in just 53 minutes.
Hackne ponies were bred in the second half of the 18th century from hackne stallions crossed with mares of a small and energetic Welsh pony. The first well-known hackne pony was the stallion Sir George, born in 1866, who carried the strong bloodline of Norfolk trotters.
A significant role in the formation of this breed was played by the horse breeder Christopher Wyndham Wilson, whose inventions also include the development of feed for farm animals in the winter season. Wilson used a number of pony breeds in his work, especially fell pony mares, which he crossed with the stallion Sir George, which is 142 cm at the withers. Such a program allowed Wilson to develop hackne with the characteristics of a real pony, and later other breeders followed suit.
Hakne SCHUMANNS ETHELLA, 6 years old
The Hackney Society in England was founded in 1883 in Norwich, and in 1891 in Lexington, Kentucky, the American Breed Society was founded, which still exists today. A distinctive feature of this breed is a very high graceful trot, although in speed of movement they are inferior to many.
Initially, the maximum height of these horses was 144 cm at the withers, later it was reduced to 142 cm.The high stride, which is characteristic of this breed, appeared in the second half of the 19th century, when sledding with elegant horses with show movements became fashionable. Such a high step - partly innate, partly acquired, is the result of consistent training.
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Modern hakne took only a name from those times, since they are rarely ridden, since their physique and active stride are not very comfortable for the rider. However, crossed with modern purebred breeds, Hakne are excellent show jumping horses.
In England and the USA, hackne is used in one-horse and two-horse pleasure carriages. Hackne sledges often participate in the popular racing carriage competitions in Europe. This is a very popular show horse, which is used in single, double or group sledding, and also shown "in hand" (by one or a group of leaders).
Hakne is a playful, lively, hardy, but at the same time a nervous horse, capable of trotting for a long time.
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The height at the withers of the hakne-pony is up to 142 cm, the hakne is from 142 to 168 cm. The color is solid, mostly bay, black or red. Small white markings on the head are allowed.
Hackne SCHUMANNS EMORY, 6 years old
Horses are distinguished by their elegant exterior. They have a beautiful head, with a straight (sometimes slightly convex) profile; large expressive eyes; small, mobile ears; long, muscular neck; long, powerful, oblique shoulder; wide and deep chest; strong, straight, short back; wide, rounded croup; relatively short, strong limbs; rounded, fairly vertical hooves; characteristic exaggeratedly high stroke with very strong flexion of the wrists and hocks; the tail set high is carried high.
Hackne has been exported to Australia, the United States, South Africa and the Netherlands.