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Video: What You Need To Know Before Buying A Horse?
So you've made up your mind. You are buying a horse. How not to be mistaken in this difficult matter, how not to waste your money and how not to spend all your nerves after the purchase?
Nobody can give one hundred percent guarantees that the horse you bought will be your partner and friend for many years to come. But disregard for simple rules when buying leads to big disappointments after it. First, the chosen horse should be examined by a veterinarian, and not the one brought by the seller, but the one you found and whom you completely trust.
If the seller of the horse decisively refuses to show the horse to your veterinarian, or insists on the presence of only a specific veterinarian, say a strong no. This behavior can only indicate a serious health problem in the horse.
Before the inspection, the veterinarian should discuss with the buyer for what purpose he is purchasing the horse, what he knows about the seller and what he has been told about the horse itself. It is useful to first inspect the horse in its stall, ask the seller about any illnesses or deviations in health recently.
When buying, you need to be able to ask the right questions correctly. It so happens that after the purchase of a horse, unpleasant aspects in its behavior or health problems become clear, which the seller did not mention just because he was not asked about it. Naturally, no one is immune from mistakes, but it is better to discuss everything in as much detail as possible and examine the horse a little more carefully than to regret the purchase for a long time. Ideally, this questionnaire is signed by the seller, and if his statements do not coincide with reality, the buyer has the right to demand termination of the transaction. This practice is not common in Russia, but at least you will know what to look for and what to ask about first.
1. Names and addresses of the current owner of the horse, previous owner, seller.
2. How long has the horse been owned by the current owner, the reason for the sale.
3. How the horse is currently working, the intensity of the training and the load.
4. Whether the horse is shod and how long has it been trimmed and shod.
5. Has the horse performed in competitions, what and how successful, is the horse insured.
6. Name of the horse, presence of a stamp.
7. Have there been any health breaks in the horse during the last year.
8. Were there any of the following health problems - allergies, colic, rheumatism, something else. Whether the horse underwent surgery and on what occasion.
9. If this is a mare, has she given birth? Does he hunt regularly?
10. Whether the horse is taking any medication, what kind of medication, and why.
11. When and what vaccinations were made to the horse, when and with what preparations they drove the worms.
12. Is it easy for a horse to clean it, cut it, saddle it, hold it on a halter, load it into a horse carriage, is it caught in a levada.
13. Have there been any cases of aggression towards humans or animals?
14. Under the saddle - does it spread, goat, stand on candles, lie down?
15. Are there any bad habits - biting, rolling, kicking the walls of the stall, and the like.
After finding out all these details, you can proceed to the examination of the horse by a veterinarian.
A routine veterinary examination is divided into 5 stages
and. Preliminary examination at rest.
b. Observing the horse while trotting in the hands.
in. Observing the horse while working under the saddle.
Rest of the horse in the stall for 30 minutes.
e. Observation of the horse during the second drive at a trot in the hands and detailed examination of the legs.
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After that, it is recommended to take blood for analysis. It should be understood that when buying a sports horse, the procedure takes much more time and operations than when buying a mare that is intended for the factory and will not be ridden.
The horse's eyes are checked in a shaded area, not in bright sunlight. The heart and lungs are examined at rest, during work, attention is paid to any extraneous noises made by the horse. The heart is listened to immediately after work and again after a recovery period. Be sure to look at the tongue, jaws and teeth of the horse. The veterinarian should also examine every inch of the horse's body surface to ensure there are no scars, abscesses, skin disease or other damage. The hooves are especially carefully examined, how healthy the horn is, whether the hoof is properly balanced, there are signs of the transferred laminitis.
On the basis of this examination, the veterinarian must issue a health report for the horse, preferably in writing. If, during the examination, the purchaser has doubts about the veterinarian's integrity or competence, it is strongly recommended that another doctor be invited for a second examination.