Table of contents:
Video: Horse Mud Fever
Mud fever usually affects the limbs of the horse, but can also spread to the abdomen. Caused by the bacterium Dermatophilus congolensis, which thrives in humid conditions, it is common during the winter months.
Bacteria enter through cracked, damaged, or softened skin, and wet wounds develop where they enter, leading to scab.
In severe cases, the limb can swell and the horse begins to limp
Horses or ponies with thick hairs on their limbs are especially prone to this condition, since pathogenic bacteria usually breed very well in their hair. Horses with white limbs and pink skin are also prone to this fever.
In order to prevent mud fever, the dry feet of the animal should be monitored and all dirt should be thoroughly cleaned off. After cleaning the limbs, they can be smeared with a special cream (petroleum jelly, vegetable oil or baby cream), which will prevent bacteria from getting on the skin.
For the treatment of mud fever, the hair on the extremities is cut off, thoroughly cleaned, washed with an antibacterial shampoo and antiseptic agents are used. Antibiotics are used twice a day. After healing, the skin may become too sensitive, so the use of soothing creams with castor oil or zinc is advisable.