Table of contents:
- Now scientific information - "Parasitology and invasive diseases of farm animals" M., VO "Agropromizdat", 1990
Video: Crouched (breeding Disease)
Most equine diseases are kept under control by mankind and does not allow them to roam around herds, stud farms and hippodromes - preventive measures have long been found that make a horse immune to the causative agents of many terrible diseases. But the notorious squatting (breeding disease), no, no, and will take a heavy tribute to death, sterility or irreparable damage to the nervous system. In the initial stage, it is curable, although the horse sometimes has to suffer quite hard - the previously widely used revolver for the horse's body was heavy, the heart must always be ready.
In my memory, even milder azidine almost knocked down a four-year-old lifeless herd mare - after the prescribed re-injection of the medicine, the mare staggered from right to left, and then back and forth. Now, of course, there are many new, not such "shock" drugs (by the way, according to the Veterinary legislation, horses, in which a squat was found, must be destroyed).
People’s guilt in a binge squatted - only the veterinary service would improve the economy, the veterinarians would breathe calmed down, - but no, some groom or horse owner will like a stallion in a neighboring village, want to get foals from such a handsome man, or vice versa - to the factory stable for mating with a thoroughbred trotter from the nearest village will bring a house mare at night. Or in the village the grooms exchanged horses from one herd to another.
And he went to sit down for a walk, flare up. All right - in pedigree, sports stables - there the horses are separated in stalls, their reproductive meetings with each other take place strictly under human control; again, the blood is constantly examined. And in the villages it is worth starting one sick mare in the herd, not to mention the breeder - and trouble has come. Now the state does not give money for the treatment of horses, and the regional laboratory diagnostics in our country, you know, are not up to par.
Now scientific information - "Parasitology and invasive diseases of farm animals" M., VO "Agropromizdat", 1990
Accidental disease is a chronic contagious disease of one-hoofed animals caused by Trypanosoma eguiperdum, characterized by damage to the genitals and the nervous system.
Pathogen: The body size of Trypanosoma eguiperdum is 22-28 microns in length and 1.4-2.6 microns in width. It is localized in the capillaries of the genital mucosa; only artiodactyls are susceptible; laboratory animals and dogs become infected in exceptional cases. Not cultivated on nutrient media. Reproduction is typical for trypanosomes.
Epizootological data. Animals become infected during mating, sometimes during artificial insemination with sperm containing the pathogen through care items. With herd keeping, aboriginal horses often get sick without symptoms, sometimes only individual clinical signs appear. In outbred horses, the disease goes almost unnoticed. Such animals are identified by examining blood in the RAC. Thoroughbred horses are seriously ill, especially in stall conditions.
Pathogenesis. In the development of the disease process, feeding, conditions of detention, the nature of exploitation, and also the virulence of the pathogen are of great importance. When infected during mating, trypanosomes first multiply in the mucous membrane of the urogenital organs and cause inflammation in them, then penetrate into the blood, and with it into tissues and internal organs.
The metabolic products of trypanosomes contain trypanotoxins, which destroy erythrocytes and the walls of blood toxins. The further action of toxins is expressed by degenerative and inflammatory processes in the internal organs and the nervous system. Damage to the latter causes paresis and paralysis of the lumbar region and nerve endings of the head.