How To Protect A Horse From Disease?

How To Protect A Horse From Disease?
How To Protect A Horse From Disease?

Video: How To Protect A Horse From Disease?

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Protect your show horse from infectious disease 2023, February
Anonim

It is not that difficult to acquire a horse today. Does everyone know how to handle this magnificent animal? After all, this is not a car that can be put in the garage until better times. She needs daily care.

It happens that an amateur, purchasing a horse, does not even think in advance where he will keep it. Gradually, he learns that the horse does not eat pastries and herring, and a loaf of bread a day is not enough for her to survive. But this "insight" sometimes comes too late.

But let's talk about those horse lovers who know that the horse needs a dry, warm room, well-ventilated, but free of drafts. Warm bedding made of sawdust or straw underfoot. And the horse should be fed three times a day with hay, oats and wheat bran.

A herd of horses is running somewhere, photo photograph
A herd of horses is running somewhere, photo photograph

It would seem what else the beloved animal needs. And the litter is good, and there is plenty of food, they clean it with love with a brush, and take it out for a walk. And it withers day by day, the coat is dull, the ribs bulge. And now the horse is already refusing to feed. The new horse owner is unaware that his friend is ill. In the old days they said: "The worm sharpens." This is not far from the truth. With feed, in the pasture, from other animals, a huge number of eggs of a variety of helminths (worms) constantly enter the horse's body.Their larvae settle in the blood vessels of the lungs, heart, intestines, in the liver, in the abdominal cavity, in the spine. This can be due to chronic cough, colic, lameness, emaciation of the horse. The larvae of worms secrete in the body of the animal the products of their vital activity, which are poisons for it. In severe cases, the animal may even die.

Research has shown that horse worms need to be driven every six weeks to solve this problem. As anthelmintics, you can advise: "Ekvalan", "Ivolik", "Vermitan", "Valbosen", "Atazol".

Most dog owners know that if you don't vaccinate their four-footed friend in time, you can lose him. But horse owners often don't even know that vaccinations exist for horses.

The most dangerous disease that affects horses, as well as almost all other animals and humans, is anthrax. Moreover, in horses, this disease proceeds so lightning fast that death occurs before the owner has time to figure out anything. An animal can become infected during grazing in unfavorable areas or from other animals. Vaccination protects against disease for one year.

There is a disease for which all horses must be tested once a year. This is glanders. People also get sick with sapom. This is a chronic (less often acute) incurable disease. It is believed that glanders have not been present in Russia since the 1930s. However, it can be imported from other countries with sick horses. Therefore, as they say: "God protects the saved."

Playing horses, photo photography
Playing horses, photo photography

Leptospirosis has become widespread in recent years. Horses are usually infected from rodents, which literally swarm the stables. Moreover, in horses this disease is often latent, manifesting itself clinically only in young and emaciated animals. But people who can get infected from horses are seriously ill. Therefore, it is better to vaccinate against leptospirosis.

In my practice, there have been several cases of horse death from tetanus. Believe me, the sight is not pleasant. Moreover, if a tetanus microbe got into the wound, the doctor is almost powerless to help such an animal. Anti-tetanus serum does not always give results. Therefore, it is better to be vaccinated in advance.

Equine influenza
Equine influenza

Equine influenza article

Horses suffer from influenza in the same way as humans. But horses have their own flu virus. Complications that develop against the background of influenza disease often make the horse unfit for work, and sometimes it dies. There is also a flu vaccine.

And the last thing I would like to dwell on today is lichen. Depriving, of course, is not a deadly disease, but if the horse owner wants to see his pet with smooth shiny coat, then it is better to vaccinate him in advance against depriving, since a horse can get infected from cats, dogs, and other horses through harness, saddle or care items.

Dear horse lovers, when acquiring a four-legged friend, do not forget the words of Exupery: "We are responsible for those we have tamed."

Source: CMI Veterinary Clinic

Golden Mustang Magazine 1999-3 (reprinted with the permission of the editor)

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