Video: On The Road Tomorrow - Hiking, Horse Races
Equestrian runs can be high-speed (50, 100 km or daily), 2-3-day or multi-day, as well as long distances - up to 100 miles and are one of the most popular forms of horse testing in the world.
So, in Russia at the beginning of the century, the centurion Dmitry Peshkov for 194 days rode on his horse of the Trans-Baikal breed named Gray from Blagoveshchensk-on-Amur to St. Petersburg (more than 8900 versts, that is, 9.5 thousand km!), Making an average of 86 versts a day on cold days. Cossack Alexandra Kudasheva rode a Mongolian horse from Harbin to St. Petersburg - over 9000 miles. A classic example of a group ultra-long run Ashgabat - Moscow (1935), partially held in desert conditions, was inspired by the horsemen of Turkmenistan, who repeated the campaign along the same route in 1988. The Budyonnovsk stallion Skid in 1950 withstood the daily run with an unbroken range of 309 km, and the stallion Chernovets of the Kustanai breed showed the speed record in the 100 km jump-run in the same year - 4 hours 1 min 5 seconds.
Horses for runs must be shod, taking into account the season, soil. For long runs, the so-called cavalry horseshoes with removable spikes are best. They are heavy, durable and lasting. Since the races are an organized event, the forging tools and spare horseshoes are not carried by the rider himself, but by the escort team. Some participants do not shoe their horses, because they ride on soft ground, and take a hoof knife with them in case of creases or for necessary trimming. The hoof hook should always be carried with you in order to remove foreign objects from the hoof in time.
Horses for the hike should be selected calm, good-natured, tolerant of each other in the company, especially if you ride "about two horses", that is, on two horses, as was the journey of Jean Louis Gouraud from Paris to Moscow in 1990 (3333 km for 76 days - from May 1 to July 14).
Do not forget about the commensurability of the horse with the weight and height of the rider, its age; horses under 5-6 years old should not be overloaded.
The preparation of the run begins with daily training of horses, mainly by walking and trotting on different soil (sand, asphalt, plowing, wet paths), on rough terrain, as well as in settlements in heavy traffic, so that the horse gets used to transport, noise, all kinds of smells. When the horse is able to be under the saddle for 7-8 hours a day without getting tired, we can talk about its readiness for the run.Before setting out on a hike, it is necessary to determine the route of movement and its mileage, to outline the places of parking and rest, taking into account the availability of food on them. In the summer, if you are not in the desert, there will be no problem with grass. In an organized hike, oats and hay are carried by an escort group, or these feeds are thrown into the places of overnight stay and rest in advance. It is not bad if bags are used for feeding oats - the horse will not scatter precious oats on the way out of them.
On horseback riding or running, the legs, withers, and back of horses are most susceptible to injury. Therefore, first it is necessary to cure pricks, cuts, rotting arrows on the hooves (with the help of antiseptics, tar, copper sulfate), wait so that the horn grows back and is not painful. Be sure to hook your horses' hooves on vacation. When moving, the rider must carefully monitor where he is directing the horse so that it does not step on broken glass, wire, go around garbage heaps; in the grass it is especially easy to run into shards of bottles, rusty pieces of iron, sharp stones. If you are riding on very hard terrain, it is better to bandage the horse's legs, and most often dismount, lead the horse on the bit. The same - when driving on pebbles, coarse gravel, frozen soil lumps.
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Correct seating of the rider, without shifting the center of gravity, at any gait, as well as gentle movements with relief at the trot, will save the horse from back injuries, as well as the timely change of wet sweatshirts to dry and clean ones. It has long been established that more often injuries to the back and withers occur when working in a wet sweat cloth, because sweat is more poisonous with muscle overwork. When a wet saddle cloth rubs the skin, acids (formic, lactic, acetic, propionic), sodium chloride salts, etc. in sweat are absorbed into it and cause various inflammations up to deep necrosis. In addition, the area of the back covered with the saddle overheats under the wet sweat cloth. That is why sweat covers must be dried and cleaned after each use., and under them to put cotton saddles, which are easy to wash and dry quickly.
Premature removal (without exposure) of the saddle on vacation can also cause inflammation of the back and withers. No wonder there is a strict rule in the cavalry charter: saddles are removed only 20-30 minutes later upon arrival at a halt. The fact is that when the horse is unsaddled, the pressure from the girths and the saddle on its torso is abruptly weakened, and the blood vessels rapidly expand, as a result of which the blood plasma begins to leave the walls of the capillaries, which can cause inflammation. Timely removal of the saddle on large rests and then immediately good rubbing of the back and withers preserves the health of the horse. To avoid injury, special care must be taken when using new saddles.