Video: Types Of Equestrian Sports
In the Soviet Union, all classical sports were widespread, which mainly include triathlon, show jumping, high school of riding, as well as races and various equestrian sports.
Triathlon. It includes: a) horse riding in the arena according to a specific program, b) field trials over rough terrain at a distance of 36 km and c) overcoming obstacles on a site limited in size.
Dressage competitions are aimed at identifying the degree of dressage of the horse and the readiness of the horse and the rider to perform dressage exercises. Field trials are endurance competitions. Their purpose is to establish the degree of preparedness of the rider and horse for a run over the terrain with overcoming various obstacles at a certain rate of time, as well as to reveal the rider's ability to maintain the horse's strength in conditions of intense work. Overcoming obstacles provides an opportunity to test how much the horse was able to maintain strength, energy and performance after field trials.
Individual and team championship in triathlon is determined by the highest sum of positive points, if the final result is expressed in positive points, or by the least number of penalty points, if the final result is expressed in penalty points. In case of equality of results, the participant (team) with the best performance in field trials has the advantage. In triathlon, the championships of Europe and the World are played; it is included in the program of the Olympic Games.
Eventing competitions in our country are held in the same way as abroad, for three consecutive days in the specified sequence. During these competitions, the rider must ride the same horse. Triathlon is one of the most interesting, but at the same time the most difficult equestrian sports and requires a long training of horses and extremely good training of the rider.
Related article Horse Racing - Trials of Riding Horses
Competition is a competition to overcome obstacles of various shapes and complexity, set on a site limited by certain dimensions. These competitions in the former USSR were held much more often, in summer in open areas, and in winter in closed arenas.
Higher riding school (horse dressage) - spectacular, graceful, beautiful horse movements, developed through the systematic consistent training work of the rider on the development of its natural qualities; when the horse is completely subordinated to the will of the rider, such artificial movements are developed, which include school stride and trot, gallop on three legs, etc. Competitions in higher school of riding are included in the program of the Olympic competitions (Grand Prix).
Steeple chase - obstacle racing both on the racetrack and on the terrain (ramparts, fences, hedges, ditches, etc.). This is a very interesting, but at the same time, very difficult kind of equestrian sport. It requires from the rider great courage, courage, instant reaction and the ability to quickly navigate in the most difficult conditions as fast as possible. In addition, the rider must accurately feel and know the extreme agility of his horse and be able to correctly position and guide its course (a combination of agility and purity of the jump).
Runs. They are carried out for agility (high-speed) and endurance. Limit distances of the first 25, 50 or 100 km; Endurance runs can be daily or multi-day. Horses of all breeds, completely healthy and specially trained, are allowed to these competitions.
Dzhigitovka - performing various exercises on a horse while jumping at a frisky gallop.
Vaulting - performing gymnastic exercises on a horse moving at a slow gallop in a circle.
Polo game. This game consists in the fact that two equestrian teams, each rider of which holds a long hammer, try to score the ball into each other's goal. This equestrian sport, common in some foreign countries, is a very expensive sport, as it requires a special environment, special horses (such as ponies), etc.
National equestrian games and competitions. They are massive, close in spirit to the people and are very popular among the population. Among the national equestrian sports games that have retained their significance both in sports and in the breeding and improvement of local horse breeds, it should be noted such as, for example, "baiga" (distance racing), "kop-kara" (goat; Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan), Tskhenburti (Georgia). These games and similar national competitions can serve as a good basis for the cultivation of classic equestrian sports.
Literature: Horse breeding and horse use. Ed. prof. V.O. Witt. M., Publishing house "Kolos", 1964.383 p. (Textbooks and textbooks, manuals for higher agricultural educational institutions).