Transporting Horses

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Transporting Horses
Transporting Horses

Video: Transporting Horses

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: How the horses travel to the FEI World Equestrian Games™ | Tryon 2018 2023, February

Horses must go through the established quarantine and all necessary veterinary and sanitary treatments before being sent. On the day of dispatch, the horses are examined by veterinarians, and animals with signs of illness are removed from loading.

Each type of transportation has its own characteristics, therefore the persons accompanying the horses must be properly instructed.

Transportation of horses by rail

Before loading the horses, the carriages intended for their transportation are examined by a veterinarian with a representative of the sending farm and a veterinarian at the railway station.

A horse stands near a car for transporting horses, photo photograph
A horse stands near a car for transporting horses, photo photograph

The wagons should be pre-washed and disinfected. There should be no protruding nails or other sharp objects in the walls of the carriage.

For transportation of horses, you need to prepare equipment in advance from boards or smooth poles. For each aid, a feeder is made, preferably removable. For hay, it is best to use special nets on the road - reptuhi.

The trainer will plan ahead for the placement of the horses, based on the individual characteristics of their character and gender. Stallions must be loaded separately from mares.

Up to eight horses can be loaded into a Pullman carriage, two in four rows, but in this case it is difficult to approach the horses and there is little space left for placing property, fodder and for the guides themselves. It is better to load six horses in one carriage, two at the rear walls of the carriage and one in front of them.

Horses are loaded into railway cars from special platforms or loading bays. It is necessary to have a wooden ladder 2 m wide with special hooks for coupling with the car, and if it has side slopes, then its width can be 1.2-1.4 m. The ladder is pressed by the car door, and on the sides it can be put on a bale of pressed hay. First, two horses are brought in one after the other, which should stand at the rear wall of the car. Putting them next to their head against the wall, at the same time they begin to turn in one direction, to the side, the horse, which turned out to be from the outside. Putting the horses next to their head to the exit, fix the chest bar, and then separate them with a longitudinal bar. Having strengthened the boards or poles, the horses are tied to the chest bar and continue to load the other pair to the opposite wall of the carriage.Then both pairs of horses are fenced off with another crossbar, which will serve as a back wall for the horse in front.

Carriage of horses
Carriage of horses

Related article Carriage of Horses

Having started two horses in turn, they are placed opposite each other at the side of the carriage opposite the entrance. Each horse is also fenced off with chest and longitudinal crossbars, and feed, equipment and other property are loaded onto the free space of the car.

During loading, one should not make noise, as horses, getting into an unusual environment, get nervous and worried. If any, especially a young, horse does not want to go to the carriage, the principle of signal continuity must be used, that is, it must be introduced after the older and calmer horse. Only as a last resort should the horse be pulled into the carriage with a rope or straps covering the back of its croup.

Horses in the carriage must stand on a halter and in a special collar ("boa constrictor"), equipped with a strong rope chumbur.

If the horse is known to kick with its hind legs on the way, then it is placed in the front row so that it does not stuff the pipgak (thickening of the back of the hock).

Trailers for transporting horses by road, photo photography
Trailers for transporting horses by road, photo photography

The horses are accompanied by two people who are not allowed to leave the carriage at the same time during stops. Each carriage must have a supply of water in cans or barrels. The order of feeding and drinking remains the same as on the farm, only the dosing of concentrates is reduced to 3 kg. On the way to oats, it is imperative to mix moistened bran, up to 1 kg per day. Hay give 8-10 kg.

Horses catch colds easily, so make sure that the windows are open on the same side as the doors. In general, during the movement of the train, it is best to keep the carriage windows closed, leaving only the door ajar. On the way, horses must not be given cold water to drink, especially during the hot season. If the water is cold, then put some hay on top of the bucket and the horse will drink in small sips. In the cold season, horses in the carriage are covered with blankets. The trunk and limbs are massaged daily with a tourniquet made of straw or hay.

To protect limbs from injury, quilted jackets with bandages and nagavka are used, but in this case they are removed 2-3 times a day and the tendon area is massaged. For cleaning manure, they do not use a pitchfork, but a shovel and a special wooden scraper.

Usually a large group of horses is accompanied by a veterinarian who monitors their condition along the way and, if necessary, provides first aid to sick animals. If the veterinarian does not accompany the horses, the trainer or the senior guide is obliged to notify the railway veterinarian at the first station about the sick horse.

Upon arrival at the destination station, the coach is obliged to organize their unloading, after making sure that there is a stable prepared for receiving horses. If it is relatively far to the stable, then bridles and saddles are put on the horses in the carriage, and then they are taken one by one along the ladder to the platform. When unloading, make sure that the horse is led straight up the ladder, and not right through, as it can fall off it and injure itself.

After unloading, a rider is put on the horse, who walks on it in anticipation of unloading the rest. Then the group of horses is sent to the stable, where they are placed in stalls, unsaddled, massaged with a tourniquet, and finally the bridle is removed. Horses after the road start to roll in a stall on a fresh bed, so you need to make sure that they do not "fall over".

Transportation of horses by road

Road transport is a very convenient type of transportation of animals, as it allows them to be delivered from farm to farm directly from stables to stables. At the same time, the time for the delivery of horses, even over long distances (more than 1,000 km), is significantly reduced in comparison with railway transport. This is very important when touring to competitions and especially international ones. So, if the transportation of horses from Moscow to Western European countries by rail takes 8-10 days, then by a special bus - 3-4 days. In this case, the horses can be harnessed along the way.

In recent years, the transportation of horses over relatively short distances (up to 50-200 km) has been practically carried out only by motor transport. Special buses with a capacity of 5-6 horses are also used to deliver animals to training. For example, the Central Moscow Hippodrome transports high-quality horses for swimming on the Moskva River in the summer. In some countries, many racehorse owners take them for fast work to nearby racecourses, while the rest of the training is done on the farm.

Trailer for transporting several horses, photo photography
Trailer for transporting several horses, photo photography

Horses can be transported not only in special buses, but also in equipped trucks.In this case, with the help of special removable wooden shields, the front and side sides of the machine are increased up to 2.2-2.5 m.At a distance of 50-70 cm from the front wall at a height of 1.2-1.3 m, a cross bar is strengthened, preferably a round and without knots, two horses housed in a lorry are separated by a partition. It is better if it is deaf, but you can use the longitudinal beam, as is done when transporting in railway cars. It is desirable to have a relatively high (up to 1.5-2 m) rear wall in the car, to which a longitudinal partition is attached. Only in extreme cases is a rear transverse crossbar without a blank partition allowed. To avoid accidents, the floor of the car body is made double. The horses are loaded from a special platform with an open tailgate,in this case, it is imperative to close the gap between the body floor and the tailgate with a board or wooden block.

When equipping a truck for transporting horses, cover the body with a tarpaulin, tensioning and strengthening it well. In summer, in good weather, horses can be transported for short distances in an uncovered car. When unloading the horses, remove the back shield or crossbar, then remove the longitudinal partition, and two people, holding the halter halter shortly, simultaneously turn the animals in one direction. Having deployed the horses in the back, they are immediately taken out of the car one by one.

Safety when working with horses
Safety when working with horses

Related article Safety when working with horses

In many countries, different types of special buses for horses have been created, in some of them animals are not positioned along, as usual, but across the body. In such machines, many horses are rocked, and they are less suitable for transportation over long distances, especially since access to horses in this arrangement is extremely limited.

When transporting horses by road, drafts should not be allowed, especially in the hot season. During a stop, you should open the doors, let the horses cool down a little, and only then give them warm (but not cold) water. During long distance transportation (2-3 days) horses are given 2-3 kg of oats, 2 kg of bran and 7-8 kg of hay per day. You should drink and feed concentrates 3 times a day at the same hours as in the usual daily routine. If it is possible to arrange for the horses during the parking, then it is done within 30-40 minutes. During the same time, the stalls are cleared of manure and the car or semi-trailer is ventilated.

If, during transportation, the horse shows signs of illness (refusal to feed, general depression), it is urgently necessary to first of all measure the temperature, use heart means, etc. If the horses are not accompanied by a veterinarian, then you should seek help from the nearest district or city veterinary clinic along the route.

Source: “Horse breeding. Directory"

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