Rules For Harnessing And Saddling Horses

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Rules For Harnessing And Saddling Horses
Rules For Harnessing And Saddling Horses

Video: Rules For Harnessing And Saddling Horses

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There are several types of harness: shag-arc, combined shag-post-edge, post-edge-drawbar, post-edge. The harness is one-horse, two-horse harness, three-horse harness, four horses and more. Mixed paired and triple harnesses are possible, when one or two tie-down horses are harnessed to the shank-arc harness on the strings; harnessing in a train, when one or more drifting horses are fastened in front of the wheel on long strings.

Shaft-arc harness sequence

Before harnessing a horse, it is necessary to check the condition of the convoy (carriage or sled); check the tugs on the clamp. Adjust their length so that when harnessing a horse with a soup, you could pull the clamp pliers together and strengthen the arc on the shafts. After that, they put the bridle on the horse, fasten the chin strap, insert the bit into the horse's mouth. If it happens in winter in the cold, then it is necessary, before inserting the bit into the horse's mouth, to warm them in hand. Then a saddle is put on the horse, making a movement from the withers to the back, along the course of the coat, and the girth is fastened to the throat of the saddle. The collar is put on the horse's head with the tongs up. After the horse's head has passed through the hole in the clamp, it is turned down with the tongs. This should be done in the direction of the hair growth of the mane. Straighten the harness and release the mane and tail from under the collar and harness.Then they take in one hand the arc, the reins, the sweetheart and the abdomen, in the other - the rein of the bridle and take the horse out of the stable.

Horses under saddle, harnessed horses, photo photography
Horses under saddle, harnessed horses, photo photography

Before the harness, on the left shaft, put on a sweetheart and abdomen at a distance of about 40-50 cm from the end of the shaft.Then a shaft is placed on the left tug of the clamp, a branch of the arc is inserted into the formed loop and the arc is transferred through the neck of the animal. After that, they lift the right shaft from the ground, apply it to the right branch of the arc and clasp the end of the arc with a tug from above through the shaft. The arc should be laid at the same distance from the ends of the shaft. Supon is wrapped 2 times around the clamp pincers and tightened so that the tongs come together. If required, to tighten the supon, they rest against the right tick with their foot and tighten the supon with the force of the arms and body. Wrap the soup one more time, push its free end between the soup and the tongs and drag it under the soup. Pull up the soup so that a small loop remains, pull the end of the soup back and wind the remaining end around the loop. This is done in orderso that, if necessary, the soup can be dissolved in one jerk. After tightening the soup, the arc should be firmly held on the shafts. When hitting with a hand, the arc should not deflect back or forward. If the arch is weak, it is necessary to remove it in the reverse order and shorten both tugs. If it is impossible to pull off the pliers, then the tugs should be added. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that the horse's collar does not squeeze the neck, but fits snugly against it. The crescendo is passed through the saddle rings, passed under the right shaft and tightened so that 2-3 fingers can be inserted between the withers and the collar and between the neck and the collar. End of Monday is wrapped around the shafts. At the same time, a loop is made so that it can be dissolved in one jerk.When hitting with a hand, the arc should not deflect back or forward. If the arch is weak, it is necessary to remove it in the reverse order and shorten both tugs. If it is impossible to pull off the pliers, then the tugs should be added. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that the horse's collar does not squeeze the neck, but fits snugly against it. The crescendo is passed through the saddle rings, passed under the right shaft and tightened so that 2-3 fingers can be inserted between the withers and the collar and between the neck and the collar. End of Monday is wrapped around the shafts. At the same time, a loop is made so that it can be dissolved in one jerk.When hitting with a hand, the arc should not deflect back or forward. If the arch is weak, it is necessary to remove it in the reverse order and shorten both tugs. If it is impossible to pull off the pliers, then the tugs should be added. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that the horse's collar does not squeeze the neck, but fits snugly against it. The crescendo is passed through the saddle rings, passed under the right shaft and tightened so that 2-3 fingers can be inserted between the withers and the collar and between the neck and the collar. End of Monday is wrapped around the shafts. At the same time, a loop is made so that it can be dissolved in one jerk.but fit snugly against her. The crescendo is passed through the saddle rings, passed under the right shaft and tightened so that 2-3 fingers can be inserted between the withers and the collar and between the neck and the collar. End of Monday is wrapped around the shafts. At the same time, a loop is made so that it can be dissolved in one jerk.but fit snugly against her. The crescendo is passed through the saddle rings, passed under the right shaft and tightened so that 2-3 fingers can be inserted between the withers and the collar and between the neck and the collar. End of Monday is wrapped around the shafts. At the same time, a loop is made so that it can be dissolved in one jerk.

The abdomen is passed through the girth loop and pulled tight to the right shaft. The occasion, crossed, is thrown over the neck and pulled into the arc ring. You can skip the reason on one side (beardless); it is pulled through the chin strap of the bridle and the end is also passed through the arc ring, wrapped around the arc or directly tied to the shaft on the right side. The rein should not hinder the movement of the horse's head.

Stretch the reins over the weekly and tug on both sides of the neck and fasten the reins to the bit rings. They hold the reins in their hand and sit in the carriage on the right side.

Two horses harnessed to a plow, photo photography
Two horses harnessed to a plow, photo photography

The sequence of the line-and-drawbar harness

Post-and-drawbar harness - pair. It is used when working on horses in agricultural carts and implements with a drawbar. Before harnessing the horses, the trims, bibs and stripes must be aligned. After the horses have been put on the bridles and clamps, they are placed on the right and left sides of the drawbar, depending on their position in the harness. Then, a stripe is put on the end of the drawbar or the front roller and fixed in the bib ring. Tabs fix the position of the clamp and the tension of the strings. The bibs are attached to the lobe of the clamp and to the strings.

The latter are fixed on a roll in the following sequence: first the inner and then the outer post. After that, the reins are fastened. The post-line harness (without a drawbar and a shafts) is used in a tie-back, in agricultural implements (plow, harrow), in forest skidding. When performing these works, it is recommended to use a saddle and a weekly saddle. The clamp with the line-and-drawbar harness should be somewhat shorter than with the shank-arc harness.

How to choose a clamp?
How to choose a clamp?

Related article How to choose a clamp?

Horse saddle technique

The horse must be thoroughly cleaned before the saddle. It is also necessary to check the condition of the horse's back and withers, for which run the edge of the palm along the withers and back, squeeze the withers with your fingers. If the horse has namina, it will react with a wave of the head and tail, a back arch, a squat. Then they put on the bridle, examine the saddle-cloth. They check the inside of the saddlecloth with their hand to make sure there are no sticky straws, pieces of earth, or a hardened lot. All this must be removed from the surface of the saddle pad. The horse should be approached from the left side; a saddle-cloth and a saddle are held in the left hand. Taking the saddle cloth and saddle with both hands, place them closer to the withers and move them back to the correct position on the back. If this could not be done immediately, then you should raise them above your back and repeat this movement again. The sweat cloth should be positioned without wrapping,its middle seam should coincide with the middle of the saddle, evenly protrude from under the saddle in front and behind. Then the girths are thrown to the right side. They go around the horse in front, straighten the girths, move back to the left side and slightly tighten the girth or girths, if there are two of them. When using a horse under horseback in mountainous terrain, a bib and undertail should be used; with their help, the saddle is fixed on the horse's back. Once these items are on the horse, the girths are tightened tightly. You need to approach the horse, sit on it, dismount and unsaddle on the left side in the direction of the animal's movement.go back to the left side and slightly tighten the girth or girth, if there are two. When using a horse under horseback in mountainous terrain, a bib and undertail should be used; with their help, the saddle is fixed on the horse's back. Once these items are on the horse, the girths are tightened tightly. You need to approach the horse, sit on it, dismount and unsaddle on the left side in the direction of the animal's movement.go back to the left side and slightly tighten the girth or girth, if there are two. When using a horse under horseback in mountainous terrain, a bib and undertail should be used; with their help, the saddle is fixed on the horse's back. Once these items are on the horse, the girths are tightened tightly. You need to approach the horse, sit on it, dismount and unsaddle on the left side in the direction of the animal's movement.

Saddle on a horse, photo photography
Saddle on a horse, photo photography

Horse saddle technique under the pack

First of all, it is necessary to inspect the condition of the horse, to find out if there are any back and withers. Then clean the horse, put on a halter bridle. After that, tie the load and start saddling. The saddle is placed on the horse's back and secured with girths. The front girth is at a distance of 10 cm from the front legs, and the back from the front - at a distance of 12-14 cm. Then fasten the front and back harnesses to the saddle. The front harness should be positioned so that it lies in the middle of the horse's chest and does not come into contact with the throat edge of the neck, and the back harness should lie freely in the middle of the buttocks and be well stretched (three fingers should freely pass between the horse's body and the harness, placed on the edge). On its back, a horse is capable of carrying a load equal to about a third of its live weight. The weight of the pack is about 120 kg,of which two side ones, 40-45 kg each, and the top pack - 30-35 kg. The load is firmly fixed on the saddle; he should not chafe the skin and upset the horse's balance.

When unbuckling horses, the operations are carried out in the reverse order. After removing the load, the horse is not immediately unsaddled and the girths are not loosened, at first it is taken out within 10-15 minutes. Then the girths are loosened and the horse continues to be taken out for another 15-20 minutes until it calms down. Then the saddle is removed and the horse is covered with a blanket. After half an hour or an hour, if the weather is favorable or the horse is in a warm stable, the blanket is removed from it and given complete rest.

Source: “Horse breeding. Directory"

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