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Video: How To Learn To Control A Horse?
The rider can act on the horse with his legs, reins, his body and the lumbosacral region of the trunk. First of all, the horse is influenced by the legs, forcing it to move forward, restraining it with the reins. The actions of the body, and especially of the lumbosacral region, form the necessary bridge linking these two different influences of the rider on the horse. We will discuss these effects separately below.
The efforts with which it is necessary to carry out individual stimuli are determined by the degree of the horse's level of training and receptivity. None of the influences can be exerted with such force that a horse's compulsion arises. Depending on whether the effect is applied in combination with others, various combinations arise. Such combinations of influences are called messages. There are messages to start the horse from a standstill, to move from a step to a trot, from a trot to a gallop, take to the right, take to the left, stop, landing, etc. Each of these messages consists of many influences that must be carried out simultaneously so that the horse understood what the rider wanted from her. Therefore, we are not talking about sending with legs or reins, but only about the effects of legs, reins, etc.
That is why a beginner rider must first try to make individual influences and only then, when he has mastered them enough, try to make promises. On horseback, unfortunately, this cannot be done, because the horse reacts correctly only to a set of influences, which it perceives as prompts. If the rider wants to influence only with the reins, without simultaneously influencing the lumbosacral region, legs and without applying the necessary effort, then the horse will not be able to understand what it should do. The horse will raise or lower its head, succumb to the pressure of the bit or counterpressure; only she will not understand - what the rider wants from her.
In accordance with this, a beginner rider must learn the correct messages from the very first steps. In this case, one should start with the simplest: the message to the beginning of the movement from a place, the transition from a step to a trot and a stop. These sends are easier to execute than others, because the necessary impacts with the legs on the right and left are performed evenly and without moving the body.
Труднее выполнять посылы, при которых воздействия поводьев и шенкелей справа и слева применяются не одновременно. Их надо сначала отработать, стоя на месте, так как во время движения всадник будет скованным, пока не научится хорошо сохранять равновесие, правильно и быстро входить в ритм движения лошади. Чаще всего такие трудности появляются в том случае, когда от всадника требуется выполнение таких различных воздействий. Углы манежа спокойная, выезженная лошадь проходит сама, и начинающий всадник может учиться переносить центр тяжести внутрь, хотя и не умеет еще как следует выполнять нужный посыл.
Therefore, turning the horse on the front and on the hind legs is a necessary preparatory exercise. When performed at a slow pace, the beginner rider will learn to fine-tune his actions so that the horse perceives them as the correct message. The skills developed at the same time will become the basis for the further growth of the rider's skill. The more subtle and less noticeable to an outsider's eye is the rider's impact on the horse, the messages, the more perfect the harmony between rider and horse.
Correct leg action requires the rider's heel to be lowered; this has a beneficial effect on both the seating depth and the position of the knees and allows the rider to exert little effort on the horse, straining the leg muscles.
Schenkel affects the horse as follows: close behind the girth - send the horse; (the rider will understand this in the first hours of riding, when pressure or tapping his legs will force the horse to move forward); at the distance of the palm behind the girth - dictates or prevents the horse from moving to the side, retains the same direction.
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The rider will become familiar with this influence very soon, when he becomes convinced that the influence of the leg at a distance of the width of the palm behind the girth can force the horse to step with his hind leg into the arena, and after the influence with the other leg - a step in the opposite direction.
Consequently, the leg acts on the horse's hind leg on which side it is located. The ability to manipulate the horse with the legs is developed by the rider to such an extent that it becomes a reflex movement. Over time, the rider will learn to measure the pressure with his legs.
The impact of pressing or tapping the legs, as well as the strength of their pressure or tapping, all depend on the horse's receptivity.