Video: How To Learn To Enter The Rhythm Of A Horse's Movement
All difficulties come only with the transition to the trot, when the horse begins to toss the rider. Some horses throw more, others less. The slower the movement, the easier it is for the rider to deal with this toss. If he has to go fast, and even on a shaking horse, then, of course, he experiences great inconvenience.
A beginner rider, trying to avoid the tossing, involuntarily squeezes the horse's sides with his legs, but this does not achieve what he wants. As a result, an inexperienced rider has scuffs, stiffness of movements and a feeling of insecurity.
All this can be dealt with by learning to control the muscles of the lumbosacral region. Of course, a person usually makes natural movements without thinking, but since in the art of horse riding a special role is assigned to the ability to control the lumbosacral muscles, this issue should be specially dwelled on in order to emphasize its importance. But even if the rider learns to correctly execute the movements with these muscles, this does not mean that he will be able to skillfully influence the horse from the very first steps.
Just as the swing can be swayed by changing the tension in the lumbosacral region, so the horse can thus be induced to move forward. If she is already in motion, then you can try to adapt to this, enter the rhythm of movement, accompany it with your body. If the rider already knows how to properly touch the horse from the spot, then it means that he also knows how to accompany its movements; if he does not know one of the two, then it is clear that such a rider can neither one nor the other.
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Many riders, even experienced ones, do not understand that the ability to enter the rhythm of the horse's movement is the basis of correct landing, without which there can be no subtle message. Don't think that over time it will come by itself, you need to learn it. And it must be said that a well-groomed horse is the best teacher because it responds immediately to the slightest muscle tension in the rider's lumbosacral region.
When the horse moves from a place, the rider, if he makes a message not only with his legs, but with the muscles of the lumbosacral region and legs, feels that he is getting by with minimal pressure from the legs. The better the rider is at using the tension of these muscles, the less leg pressure he needs.
With the help of the muscles of the lumbosacral region, the rider can stop the horse, while he will feel that the stop is not happening as before. Without the influence of this muscle group, the horse was held by strong pressure from the reins on the mouth. Now the rider barely pulls on the reins to stop the horse. At the moment of stopping, the rider feels the horse bring his hind legs.
To understand the effect of the rider on the horse with the lumbosacral region, it is necessary to repeat the beginning of the horse's movement and its stopping many times, go from step to trot and stop; and so all the time, changing the pace, go from step to trot and again to step, stop the horse, and then touch it again. If you do not understand this on your horse, then you need to take another well-trained training horse and ride it until this understanding comes. If, in this case, you cannot find contact with the horse, then, most likely, you will not be able to teach you how to ride.
Accordingly, first it is required to understand that the beginning of movement from a place and stopping by the efforts of the lumbosacral region and without them are significantly different. And only a rider who has learned to confidently influence the horse with the muscles of the lumbosacral region is able to prevent a strong toss of the horse.
In a slow trot, with the same force of the lumbosacral region, which acts at the beginning of the movement and stopping, the rider's pelvis and center of gravity are shifted forward. The rider, with the help of the legs and muscles of the lumbosacral region, is, as it were, pressed into the saddle. So, without much effort, a closer contact is established between the rider and the horse. On well-run and less bouncy horses, contact comes much faster. This is due to the frequent change of pace, because the correct tension of the muscles of the lumbosacral region at the beginning of the movement and when stopped is transferred to the trot. The higher the horse throws and the faster the pace of movement, the more the muscles of the lumbosacral region should be strained. If a rider thinks he has already penetrated this mystery to some extent, then his ability to manipulate the lumbosacral muscles should be tested on other horses.
The rider's landing can be considered correct if, at a shortened trot, not only on one, but also on many horses, the rider does not hang out in the saddle and transfers the movement, sitting so confidently and calmly that a piece of paper placed under him on the saddle can hold on.
Getting into the rhythm of the horse's movement is always something flexible, felt, that never requires effort and is not associated with large movements. Therefore, an attentive observer can detect it not by external signs, but only as a result of influences on the horse. A rider with this skill sits comfortably on the horse and throws it less than others. A rider’s jerky pelvic movements, a loose fit to the saddle, or an overly arched back have nothing to do with the ability to control the muscles of the lumbosacral region. The rider may bend slightly backward by contracting these muscles, but this will not help him get into the rhythm of the horse's movement.
Rider Muscle Relaxation Article
Sometimes you hear from the trainer that the rider should swing the body in time with the movements of the horse. But this advice hasn't helped anyone yet. Oscillations to the beat, that is, entering the rhythm of the horse's movement, do not appear by themselves, but arise only from the active movement of the muscles, the conscious desire to move forward, as on a swing; translational movement occurs due to the tension of the lumbosacral muscles, and simple swinging has nothing to do with influencing the horse.
Source: V. Muzeler "Riding School", Translated from German by N. A. Savinkov.
Under the general editorship of Professor I.F.Bobylev. Moscow "Progress", 1980