Table of contents:
- Tension of the right and left sides of the musculature of the lumbosacral region
- Unilateral tension of the muscles of the lumbosacral region
Video: Control Of The Muscles Of The Lumbosacral Region
The effort of the lumbosacral region while riding is necessary for any impact on the horse. Not knowing how to properly influence the horse with the muscles of the lumbosacral region, you cannot learn how to make a message. This can be learned only in practice, and only if the rider is not constrained.
While mastering this technique, the rider can talk, whistle or sing. It is possible that then he will not be constrained.
In its natural position, the human spine is not a straight line. This can be easily verified. When the muscles of the lumbosacral region are tense, the lower end of the spine (with the sacrum forming the connection between the spine and the pelvis) is slightly pushed forward. The pelvis is shifted downward from the back, and raised in front, due to which both pelvic bones move forward.
The opposite effect is achieved if the spine bends forward as the pelvis tilts forward and its bones retreat backward.
The muscles of the lumbosacral region can be strained from both or only on one side, therefore, both pelvic bones and only the right or left can be moved forward.
Whether the rider has learned to control the lumbosacral muscles can only be tested while riding, and best of all on a horse with a sensitive back.
The movement that tightens the lumbosacral muscles can be best understood by the rider by familiarizing himself with the following exercises.
Tension of the right and left sides of the musculature of the lumbosacral region
1. A person swinging on a swing, when moving forward, strains the muscles of the lumbosacral region, and when moving backward relaxes them.
2. A person lying on their back can raise their pelvis only by straining the muscles of the lumbosacral region.
Rider Muscle Relaxation Article
3. A person standing in front of the table can push a book lying at the edge of the table with his torso.
In this example, the difference in muscle tension in the lumbosacral region is most clearly visible. If the pelvis moves forward, as is required when riding a horse, then when the back is arched, the pelvis moves back, as it were. This is associated with the protrusion of the chest and the flattening of the shoulder blades.
4. Sitting on a chair and leaning against its back, you can push the hips and pelvis forward by tension of the lumbosacral muscles.
5. Anyone who sits on a narrow, easily overturning stool, wastebasket or something similar, with his legs wide apart, can only overturn the stool by tension of the muscles of the lumbosacral region, provided that his legs are not in front of the center of gravity, but stand on the right or left.
A beginner rider should not be content with listening to these explanations and studying the drawings: even a person who understands the movement has not yet felt it. You need to try to perform the necessary movement and, when you learn to confidently strain the lumbosacral muscles, you should do special exercises on the horse, and do them until you learn to use the tension of the muscles of the lumbosacral region with full knowledge of the matter.
Unilateral tension of the muscles of the lumbosacral region
Like the previous exercises, unilateral tension of the lumbosacral muscles is very important. Riding a horse with a hold, turning and landing at a gallop depends on whether the rider has learned to manipulate the horse with the lumbosacral muscles. Such movements must be practiced until the rider is confident that he has mastered this technique.
1. By pushing one side of the swing seat, you can make the swing swing crookedly.
2. A person lying on their back can only raise the right or left side of the pelvis, straining the corresponding muscles of the lumbosacral region.
3. If you are standing in front of the table, then you can only by tension of the right or left side of the lumbosacral spine, move the book obliquely lying on the edge of the table.
It is possible to learn how to control the muscles of the lumbosacral region in the very first hours of learning to ride, which happens quite rarely, or you need to spend a lot of time on comprehending this art. The degree of muscle tension can vary, and accordingly the horse feels a strong or weak message.
You can move the pelvis forward more or less strongly, you can also tighten the muscles of the lumbosacral region just to avoid sliding the pelvis back, or you can relax the entire lumbosacral region. Therefore, we are not talking about different influences here. All this must be tried to be done by yourself, so as not to be unfounded.
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It should never be forgotten that the position of the lumbosacral region is the basis for correct seating, starting the horse from the spot and collecting it. Without the use of these muscles, any send and stop of the horse is unthinkable without strong pressure with the reins. If the rider has not learned to control the muscles of the lumbosacral region, then there can be no question of a correct fit, and without this there can be no correct effect on the horse. If this basis is not there, then the rider cannot oppose the horse's disobedience in any way.
When straining the lumbosacral region, the following mistakes are common:
1 Before getting on the horse, the rider has not worked out the movement enough, believing that he can be content with a theoretical understanding of it. When he gets into the saddle, he does not know which muscle groups he should strain.
2. Before sitting in the saddle, the rider has sufficiently exercised the tension of the lumbosacral muscles. But this skill can be considered learned only when the rider has complete control of the position when starting a movement from a standstill, moving to a trot or landing a horse. At the same time, one should not forget that the leg must constantly be in contact with the sides of the mercy.
If you cannot comprehend this on one horse, then the horse needs to be changed.
It is often said that the rider's lumbosacral muscles work great, work great or not at all. These expressions can easily be misleading. All riders know how to use this muscle group, only to varying degrees. The muscles of the lumbosacral region are so strong that they can function for a very long time. Sometimes pains occur in the sacrum, but this is most often not a consequence of the tension of the muscles of the lumbosacral region, but the result of tossing, too long riding. But such a phenomenon is unlikely to occur as a result of excessive tension in the lumbosacral region.
Source: V. Muzeler "Riding School", Translated from German by N. A. Savinkov.
Under the general editorship of Professor I.F.Bobylev. Moscow "Progress" 1980