Table of contents:
- The size
- Nutrition / food
- Breeding season
- Benefits and harm to humans
- Population / conservation status
Video: Goliath Frog (Conraua Goliath)
2023 Author: Molly Page | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 22:49
The goliath frog (Conraua goliath) is the largest frog in the world. Discovered and described by scientists only at the beginning of the 20th century. Outwardly, the goliath looks like an ordinary frog. Adult goliaths are very careful and timid, it is difficult to get close to them, they have good eyesight and quickly notice everything that moves around at a distance of 40 meters or more. Disappearing species.
A small area of the coastal regions of Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea in western Africa.
The skin on the back is greenish-brownish, the abdomen and inner side of the legs are yellowish or whitish.
The total length of the goliath from the muzzle to the toes sometimes reaches 91 cm.
Article on the topic The largest animals on the planet The maximum weight is up to 6 kg.
Goliath frogs make no sounds.
Waterfalls of fast and deep tropical rivers. High humidity is required, so the goliath avoids places where the sun is strong.
Large birds, fish and crocodiles are considered enemies.
Goliath frog (Conraua goliath). © Photo Yannick Garcin
Nutrition / food
The goliath frog mainly eats insects, but does not disdain crayfish, molluscs, some amphibians and spiders. The remains of small rodents were found in their stomachs. It captures prey with its tongue and jaws, squeezes it slightly and swallows it whole.
The goliath lives secretly, spends most of the day in the water or among the rocks. It is very difficult to catch her, this requires great dexterity and skill. When the danger is over, the tip of the frog's nose and protruding eyes appear on the surface of the water, and then the whole body. With short thrusts in the water and jumping on land, the frog gets out on the shore, climbs onto ledges of stones or settles down under a waterfall on the beach, where it takes a position convenient for jumping in case of danger or when prey appears.
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For 5-6 days, the female lays more than 10,000 eggs. Eggs with a diameter of 5-6 mm.
Breeds during dry season.
Metamorphosis lasts about 70 days. At birth, the tadpole reaches a length of up to 8 mm, at the age of 45 days it reaches a maximum size of 4.8 cm. After that, the tail disappears.
Benefits and harm to humans
Locals in Cameroon and Rio Muni find goliath meat excellent. It is white and delicate, and the forelegs are a special delicacy. The thigh bones are also in demand, they are believed to bring good luck.
Population / conservation status
The goliath frog is an endangered species.
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