Dog Nutrition And Nutrients

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Dog Nutrition And Nutrients
Dog Nutrition And Nutrients

Video: Dog Nutrition And Nutrients

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Video: Introduction to Dog Nutrition | Body Condition and Calculating Energy Requirements 2023, January
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A dog, as a living being, needs energy to maintain the vital activity of individual cells, tissues of organs, systems - the whole organism as a whole

Only when a sufficient amount of energy is supplied to the animal's body, all tissues and organs, such as muscles and tendons, can function normally and smoothly.

Energy is used for the constantly occurring processes of tissue regeneration and growth, the functioning of the secretory glands, muscular activity, as well as for maintaining body temperature in warm-blooded animals, which include a dog.

Hungry puppies, black and white photo feeding dog photography
Hungry puppies, black and white photo feeding dog photography

Nutrients. A dog needs more than just energy. In the adult organism, along with the processes of formation and growth, the opposite processes occur - destruction, death and decomposition of organic substances, body cells, loss of substances. Numerous metabolic products are excreted from the body with urine and feces, and are also excreted through the skin, excretory glands, and respiratory organs.

The animal's body is not able to produce elements such as calcium, phosphorus, sodium, and therefore, independently synthesize all the necessary organic substances. He needs to receive many substances and elements from the external environment.

All substances that are not produced by the body, but are necessary for its normal functioning, and therefore must come from the outside with nutrition, we will call vital nutrients. There are at least 50 of them.

Vital substances

Minerals:

Macronutrients - calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, chlorine, sulfur;

Trace elements - iron, zinc, copper, manganese, iodine, molybdenum, cadmium, chromium, fluorine, nickel, silicium, vanadium, tin;

Organic compounds:

Vital amino acids - arginine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, valine.

Vital fatty acids linoleic acid.

Vitamins:

Fat-soluble - vitamin A (retinol), provitamin A (carotene); vitamin D (calciferol), D2 (ergocalciferol), D3 (cholecalciferol); vitamin E (tocopherol);

Water-soluble - vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), vitamin B12 (cobalamin), vitamin PP (nicotinic acid), folic acid, vitamin H (biotin), pantothenic acid, vitamin C (ascorbic acid - is produced in the dog's body on its own, its additional intake is not required).

Energy. It enters the body in the form of its numerous carriers. By their chemical nature, they belong to carbohydrates, fats, proteins (proteins), which, in the event of an urgent need for energy, can be mutually substituted taking into account their different energy intensity (energy content). Vital nutrients in most cases enter the dog's body with conventional food and feed.

Nutrients. Vital amino acids are the building blocks of protein. Linoleic acid is found in fats. Minerals and vitamins are also contained in the feed, however, some of them are insufficient. This deficiency must be eliminated by additional intake of minerals and vitamins.

Water is of particular importance. It is vitally necessary, its lack in the body quickly and severely affects the health of the animal. Loss of 10-12% of body fluids leads to death.

The purpose of nutrition is to provide the body with energy carriers, vital nutrients in an amount that optimally meets its needs. To feed a dog correctly, a certain amount of knowledge is required:

1) about the energy requirement for nutrients in the dog's body, depending on the age, size, condition and physical activity of the animal;

2) on the energy value and content of nutrients in various feeds and natural products of animal and vegetable origin;

3) about the digestibility of a particular feed;

4) about the benefits of a variety of feed;

5) about the technique of feeding the dog (frequency of feeding, preparation);

As you can see, it's not easy to always feed your dog correctly., and above all because many useful information has been obtained only recently. Today, the energy and nutrient requirements of a growing dog, an adult dog, a breeding bitch during pregnancy and rearing of offspring, service and hunting dogs are well studied. However, the content of nutrients and energy carriers in by-products, the so-called deboning wastes, which include various connective tissue and cartilage products (veins, trimmings, fascia, tendons, cartilage, etc.), which are often used in the diet, have been little studied. dogs. The content of valuable nutrients in this food group is markedly reduced and varies greatly. For optimal satisfaction of the dog's need for energy and nutrients, it is important to know their content in a particular product or feed.

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