Video: Peruvian Paso
The Peruvian paso is a horse breed of Peru. It is a beautiful and valuable horse with great strength and power. Easy movement and comfortable riding are the main differences of the breed, which traces its origin to the Spanish and Barbary horses brought by the Spaniards to South America.
The first horses were brought to Peru in 1532 by Francisco Pizarro (1478-1541) and the Spanish settlers who followed him, who later bred the horse that became the "national horse of Peru". They were originally used on cotton and sugarcane plantations. Due to their safety and smooth ride, riders could easily cover long distances over rocky terrain.
The intelligent blooding of the horses of the Old World created the basis for the Peruvian Paso. It should be noted that a wide variety of breeds came to Peru. This is an English horse, a hackne, an Arab, and a Friesian horse. The Spanish jennett gave the paso (in translation "step") a balanced character and gentle amble, the African Berber gave him energy, strength and endurance, and the Andalusian shared with the new breed a magnificent exterior, agility, proud posture and beauty.
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The Peruvian Paso was bred in isolation from the influence of other breeds. While horse breeders around the world were transitioning from natural gaits to trotting breeds, Peruvians continued to be proud of their paso. For more than 400 years, this breed has not been bled from the outside and now it is one of the cleanest gait breeds in the world.
The goal of breeding the breed was to create the most comfortable horse in the world with high economic movement. Every Peruvian Paso has the ability to move with the “termino” gait, which is the breed's hallmark. The movement of this gait has been guarded by breeders for centuries, and the Paso prefers it over the gallop. The pacing of the paso is unusual in that its front legs, when moving smoothly along an arc, are thrown to the sides, and the hind legs take long straight steps. This combination of smooth operation of the front legs with the powerful pushing force of the rear provides an especially smooth ride. Modern Peruvian Pasos pass on their soft gait to all purebred foals. This type of "float" movement with the forelegs, with powerful rear drive, results in free, rider-friendly movement. They saythat the Paso can maintain 24 km / h in such a pace without fatigue for many hours in difficult terrain. Other gaits encountered in the paso are stride, tölt, paso llano, trot, sobreando (translated as "very fast") and gallop.
The first decline in Paso numbers began in southern Peru in the 1900s, following the construction of major roads that allowed the first cars to replace horses. Most of the big breeders in the region have donated their best horses to farmers. It was thanks to this that the breeder Gustavo de la Borda received the stallion Sol de Oro (Viejo), which became the most important modern stallion of the breed. In the northern regions of the country, pasos continue to be actively used to transport goods to hacienda (estates). This situation is changing with the agrarian reforms initiated by the government of Juan Velasco Alvarado in the 1960s, which are having a devastating effect on the breed. The interest in the Peruvian Paso growing in the United States and Central America has led to the export of many of the best horses, leading to further reductions in the number of livestock.The next 30 years saw a resurgence of Paso in Peru. The annual national exhibition in Lima has become the largest event in the cultural life of the country. Currently there is a law restricting the export of national champions.
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The small but powerful paso is renowned for its confident movement, ability to be content with small amounts of food and good character. He is the perfect horse for hunting, horse riding and show. These horses are characterized by a friendly disposition, attentiveness and responsiveness combined with a strong sensitivity, temperament and motivation.
The height of the paso ranges from 142 to 155 cm at the withers. Stallions are usually larger and wider than mares. Any color, mostly bay or red. Too many white marks and spots, and pink skin is discouraged.
Body structure: intelligent dry head with a straight profile and elongated nostrils; dark skin; dark expressive eyes, set wide enough; long, muscular, beautifully arched neck; strong shoulders; wide and deep chest; short back; powerful, muscular croup; strong long limbs with flexible joints; small hard hooves; low set tail; the mane and tail are fluffy, often wavy.
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In 2003, the number of Paso in the world was 25,000, they participate in horse shows, parades, rides and endurance races.
The National Association of Breeders and Owners of the Peruvian Paso Horse (ANCPCPP) is the only organization officially recognized nationally and internationally responsible for the conservation, breeding promotion, selection and evaluation of horses. The Association promotes and officially publishes competitions, seminars and other events held in Peru and abroad related to the breeding and distribution of the breed.