Andalusian Horse

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Andalusian Horse
Andalusian Horse

Video: Andalusian Horse

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Video: Andalusian Horses: These Carthusian Horses are Europe's oldest breeds | Pura Raza Española 2023, January
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Andalusian horses (Andalusian horse) is descended from the hot sun dried the Andalusian region of southern Spain, near the coast of North Africa.

Collectively, the horses of the Iberian Peninsula were called Iberian horses, they were also called Spanish, Andalusian and Lusitanian. Less than sixty years ago, a division was made between the Andalusian and Lusitanian horses. Now the Spaniards classify their horses as Andalusian (Pure Spanish Horse or PRE) and keep their own studbook.

Andalusian horse, photo photography
Andalusian horse, photo photography

Although it is undoubtedly an ancient breed, its roots are unknown. There are at least three opinions about the origin of this breed. The most plausible opinion is the following. When the Muslims invaded Spain with their horses in 711, domestic horses were already inhabited there, which in their appearance probably resembled the primitive sorraias that are still found in Portugal today. These horses were most likely crossed later with the Muslim Barbary horses, which they brought in large numbers to Spain.

In the 17th and 18th centuries, the Spanish government encouraged the crossbreeding of Andalusians with local stallions of a very coarse and heavy constitution in order to obtain a larger horse. But the uncontrolled influx of local blood almost completely ruined the breed, if not for the intervention of the monks of the Carthusian order. They began to revive and breed pure Andalusian horses at their stud farm in Jerez de la Frontier, which to this day, along with Cordoba and Seville, is the main center of horse breeding. In the late 1400s, the breed began to be bred in several Spanish monasteries. The monks were excellent horse breeders and trainers and kept the blood of their horses clean.

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For 100 years, the Spanish government banned the export of purebred Andalusian horses, as there were very few of them. This ban was finally lifted in 1960, after which Andalusian horses began to appear in Europe and America.

Andalusian horse, photo photography
Andalusian horse, photo photography

Some researchers believe that the Iberian horse was circled between 4000 and 3000 BC. When the Phoenicians arrived in Iberia in 2000 BC and the Greeks in 1000 BC, the Iberian cavalry was already a formidable enemy, and the Iberian horse was unmatched on the battlefield. Homer mentions the Iberian horse in his Iliad, written around 1100 BC. The famous Greek cavalryman Xenophon praised the "gifted Iberian horses" and their role in Sparta's conquest of Athens around 450 BC. Hannibal defeated the Roman conquerors with the help of Iberian cavalry in the Second Punic War (218-201 BC). The military value of the Iberian horse was also useful to William the Conqueror, under whose saddle an Iberian horse was at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Called the "superior war horse"The Iberian was also well known for his kind and gullible character.

When heavily armed knights became the main army, the Andalusian quickly lost his position as a popular war horse. However, after the invention of firearms, the Andalusian horse again became the choice of monarchs and cavalry officers. In Europe, the Andalusian became the favorite horse of noble gentlemen and equestrians, such as the Duke of Newcastle, who wrote in the seventeenth century: “With the right choice, this is the noblest and most beautiful horse in the world. He is fast, courageous, easy to learn. He has a proud trot, a high gallop. This is the most suitable horse for a king in the days of his triumph."

Andalusian horse, photo photography
Andalusian horse, photo photography

Soon after, the Andalusian horse became the "royal horse of Europe". Large riding academies were established throughout Europe, including Austria, France, Italy, and Germany. Training and a higher riding school began to develop in these academies. And the Andalusian horse has become the darling of these academies for its impulsiveness, elegant move and feline grace.

The breed reached its greatest prosperity in the 16th-18th centuries, when it embodied the ideal of a dressage horse. In 1832, an epidemic destroyed most of the horses in Spain. Only a small herd of Andalusians survived in the Cartuja monastery.

There is no doubt that this breed has had a tremendous impact on the development of many breeds. In Europe, we can see this on the example of such breeds as Lipizzan, Cladrubs, Frederiksborg, Oldenburg, Ost-Friesian, Holstein, Frisian, etc., and in America - on the Quarter and Criollo.

Andalusian horse, photo photography
Andalusian horse, photo photography

The height of the Andalusian horse ranges from 152 to 154 cm. The color is predominantly white or bay. Oblique length - 160, chest girth - 176, metacarpal girth - 19 cm. Live weight about 400 kg.

Body structure: beautiful head with a wide forehead, often convex profile and large expressive eyes; a relatively long and strong, but elegant neck, with a high exit; inexpressive withers; short, strong body with a wide chest and voluminous ribs; very wide rounded croup with a relatively low set tail; elegant limbs of medium length; long and very thick mane and tail.

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Typical of the Andalusian horse is a very elegant, low-grasping move called the paso de andatura, a high-stride movement often used in parades and ceremonies.

The Andalusian horse breed has a proud but trainable temperament. She is sensitive and definitely intelligent, responsive, empathetic and quick to learn when respected and cared for.

Andalusian horse, photo photography
Andalusian horse, photo photography

At the beginning of the century, the number of Andalusian horses declined, but today the Andalusian is known worldwide as an excellent riding horse

The Andalusian horse is one of the most elegant breeds in the world. With his tall figure, high stride, agility and pleasant character, the Andalusian is a unique versatile riding horse that performs well in dressage competitions. Her performance is also pleasing to the eye at the colorful annual Andalusian festivals.

The main farm for breeding Andalusian horses is the Jerez de la Frontera military stud farm in Andalusia.

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Today, the Andalusian horse shows us its amazing versatility, which it has carried through the centuries. The inherent properties of the Andalusian breed such as strength, athleticism, impulsiveness and good temperament are still fundamental characteristics of this breed. This horse is used in dressage, show jumping, driving - both recreational and sporting, trail riding, classic riding and western riding. It is also an incomparable show horse. In Spain and Portugal, the Andalusian demonstrates uncommon courage, agility and ingenuity in the face of a furious bull in the arena. Of course, we cannot forget that the Andalusian, with all his love for people, is a wonderful family horse. But wherever the Andalusian is and whatever he does, he always shows his proud,a temperament capable of learning, for which he was awarded …

Andalusian horse, photo photography
Andalusian horse, photo photography

6 facts about Andalusian horses:

1. A real Andalusian horse can be immediately recognized by its high stride, smoothness and impulse of trot and gallop.

2. About 75 percent of Andalusian horses are gray, with dark chestnut and black horses.

3. Crossbreeding of Andalusians with Arabs gave the Spanish-Arabs recognized as a separate breed in 1986 in Spain.

4. Thoroughbred Andalusian horses have a height from 143 to 162 cm, on average - 152 cm.

5. With the blood of Andalusian horses, the following breeds were bred: Lipizzan (Slovenia), Frederiksborg and Knabstrupper (Denmark), Frisians (Holland), cladrubs (Czech Republic) and many others.

6. The cost of Andalusian horses starts from 4 thousand dollars (for a foal under the age of one year). A four-year-old can cost up to $ 10,000, while a high-quality stallion will go up to $ 25,000. Of course, these are approximate figures. In 1999, the breed champion was sold to the United States for $ 180,000.

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