Table of contents:
- History of the breed
- The character and temperament of the American Curl
- Appearance of the American Curl
- Requirements for show animals
- American Curl health
- 20 nicknames for the American curl
Video: American Curl
The American curl is a cultured and intelligent cat. Very easy to educate, loves long walks and outdoor travel. As a rule, he is a faithful friend and companion in playing with children. The word "curl" is translated from English as "curl" and refers primarily to the ears of this breed. Being very attached to people, the American Curl takes part in all household chores with pleasure. Even having matured, it retains its childish character. American curls are easy to adapt to any situation in the house and treat other pets well.
Weight: females - 2.3-3.6 kg, males - 3.2-4.5 kg.
Kitten cost: from 20,000 to 50,000 rubles in Russia. Overseas prices are about the same - from $ 8000 to $ 2000 (without delivery).
Life expectancy: 15-18 years.
Breed diseases: unknown.
Country of origin: America.
The breed is recognized by felinological organizations: FIFe, WCF, CFA, TICA, AACE, ACFA / CAA, LOOF.
American Curls Sinie Glazki Ilona and Danay Mania Glamourrra from Exclusive Cats
Feeding the American Curl
American Curl: buying a kitten
American Curl hair care
Names suitable for the American Curl Curl
American Curl: care for teeth, eyes, ears and nails CFA American Curl
History of the breed
In 1981, in Lakewood (California, USA) a black long-haired cat with unusual curled ears arrived to the spouses Joe and Grace Ruga on a quiet June morning. At first, the owners did not pay much attention to her ears, but when Shulamith gave birth to four kitties, two of which had the same ears, they realized that this was no accident. It was later found that curled ears in cats are the dominant feature and arose as a result of spontaneous mutation. The ear curl was formed already 4-7 days after the birth of the kitten. The curl itself was located 1/3 of the length from the base of the ear.
Grace Ruga gave a kitty named Mercedes to her sister. And about a year later, and a cat resembling a color-point, which was supposed to make the company Mercedes. These cats would have gone unnoticed if Nancy Kester (a local cat lover) hadn't paid attention to their anatomical features. She bought a couple of kittens from Mercedes. After reading an article on the Scottish Fold cat, Kester suggested that these kittens belong to a new, previously unknown breed.
Shulamith and her two kittens aroused great interest at the Palm Springs show. After this debut, they participated out of competition at numerous exhibitions. "Curled" made to talk about themselves, they were examined by experts and numerous cat lovers. After studying 81 cats with curled ears, British feline genetics specialist Roy Robinson concluded that this mutation (curled ears) is completely natural. Further, the American Curl breed standard and breeding program were drawn up.
In America, as well as in other countries, the registration of a new breed requires a long and careful procedure. It is very important to prove with the help of undeniable arguments that individuals of the proposed breed are the result of long-term selection, obtained as a result of selection and all contain the same morphological characteristics that distinguish them from any already recognized breed.
In early 1985, TICA was the first to recognize long-haired Curls, and at the end of that year, CFF conditionally recognized the breed. The same decision was made by the CFA in February 1986. In 2002 the breed was recognized by the FIFe. In 2015, the breed standard was changed - outcrossing with domestic short-haired and domestic long-haired cats was prohibited. Now the breed is being bred in itself.
The character and temperament of the American Curl
The American Curl is a friendly, playful, curious cat, undemanding and easily adapting to new living conditions. Kerls travel with pleasure and easily move to a new apartment, because they are not attached to a place, but to a person. They love to play, they need space and a variety of toys (especially interactive ones). These cats try to please all family members. They are great for children.
Curls get along well with other pets, but don't expect too much from them. Birds and small animals, one way or another, will provoke their hunting instinct, and non-castrated cats can be at enmity with each other. However, there are exceptions to any rule. There is a possibility that curls can get along with, for example, dogs, guinea pigs, parrots, if they grow up together.
Children and people unfamiliar with the breed should be told that the ears of these cats should not be touched (it is better not even to stroke the ears).
Curl owners claim that they are very similar to dogs in their attentiveness to their owners - cats follow them all the time so as not to miss anything, in their opinion, interesting. They never become too intrusive, as they feel even the smallest changes in the mood of their owner. Curl will sit beside you, on you, behind you, or anywhere, but always next to you.
The American Curl is a great choice for those who have enough time to interact with this cat. If you are looking for a companion who is always young at heart and is not afraid to follow you wherever and wherever you go, the curl is the cat you are looking for!
Despite being active, Curls have a calm temperament. They never show aggression or try to dominate. These cats do not suffer from panic attacks or mood swings. They are not afraid of strangers, so they will always be happy to entertain your guests. Curls love to bring items thrown to them. Easy to learn to open door handles, refrigerator doors and cabinets.
Cats that are alone for long periods of time may develop stress or separation anxiety. Even so, they are usually very clean and don't tend to make a mess of the house.
If the Curl decides to talk to you, don't expect meowing, heart-rending screams or purring from him. These cats communicate in a different way. They emit bird-like chirping trills to communicate how they are feeling or what they want.
Appearance of the American Curl
The American Curl is a medium sized cat. Wedge-shaped head. The nose is straight. Large, calm eyes with a benevolent gaze. The body is flexible, of medium size, with well-developed muscles. The chest and neck are strong, the legs are strong with rounded paws. The tail is the same length as the body, tapering towards the end. The ears are wide at the base, with rounded tips and a gentle curve back. Males are usually larger than females.
Cats of this breed grow slowly and reach full size by 2-3 years. The coat can be either short-haired or semi-long-haired, of any color or pattern. Matching eye color and coat color is optional, except for color = point, which must have blue eyes.
Requirements for show animals
Curl ears should be erect and open, curved straight back in relation to the muzzle. Cats are penalized for close-set, improperly crooked or "donkey" ears with a vertical crease or horizontal curl, or with "corrugated" inner surfaces. The nose should not have a pronounced stop. The points are reduced if the cat has an overdeveloped undercoat, fluffy or rough texture of the coat, there are minor defects in the tail in the form of thickening.
Three degrees of ear tilt are recognized:
- First degree. The curl is practically invisible, its curvature is at least 3 °. Such an ear is called "free", "loosely twisted" or "ear with the third degree of curl". Cats with these ears are sold as pets and belong to the pet class.
- Second degree. The ears are more curved, almost at a right angle - 90 °. Such cats are used in breeding and belong to the breed class
- Third degree. The ears are like a crescent with a bend - from 90 ° to 180 °. Show class cats, most expensive.
Ears with a minimum to maximum curl have the same rating at the show, so you should not think that a curl with strongly curled ears is more promising than with loosely curled ears. Both animals will have the same rating at the show (in this example, only the degree of ear curl is considered). When evaluating the ears, the balance between the ears and the head of the cat is very important. If the ears are short and the head is long, or vice versa, this is a minus. The curvature arc also matters: the smoother it is, the better.
In addition, the best ears are determined by how they are positioned on the head, in the case of curls, this is the direction of the tips of the ears. The breed standard says that in a state of attention, when the American Curl looks forward, the tips of the ears indicate the base of the animal's skull. It is very difficult to estimate this parameter. For example, in Curls with minimum and maximum curl degrees, as well as in those cats whose ears are not directed forward, the tips of the ears do not look at the center of the base of the skull.
Animals with extremely curved ears, the ends of which touch the head or the back of the ear, are disqualified. Cats with insufficiently strong cartilage at the base, with a hall lower than 1/3 of the distance from the base of the ear, are also disqualified.
American Curl health
American Curls do not have any particular health problems. It has been proven that the gene responsible for the unusual shape of the ears has no effect on the health of cats. The breed is prone to gingivitis and periodontal disease if the cat's teeth are not monitored. Dysplasia of the lower extremities and tail is extremely rare in homozygous individuals. Some cats have narrow or twisted ear canals, which can often lead to ear infections.
American Curls live long enough. With good maintenance, proper care, a balanced diet, these cats can live up to 17-20 years.
20 nicknames for the American curl
For male kittens: Alan, Bud, Wilson, Greg, Justin, Carter, Negan, Prosper, Ray, Tekoda.
For female kittens: Abilene, Babs, Winona, Goula, Dew, Zaltana, Ivessey, Mansi, Naira, Peggy.
See the full list of nicknames …