Table of contents:
- The history of the Burmese cat
- Burmese appearance
- The nature and temperament of the Burmese cat
- Breeding Burmese
- 20 nicknames for Burmese cats
Video: Burmese, Or Burmese Cat
Burmese, or Burmese cat (Burmese cat) - short-haired breed of domestic cats, whose ancestors were brought from Burma to the United States in the 1930s. At home, these cats were considered the reincarnation of the souls of monks and were honorary residents of temples. It was also believed that cats become guides of the souls of the dead to the afterlife. In England and America, Burmese cats are not inferior to Persians in popularity. Burmese has not only an unforgettable appearance, but also a unique personality. They are very sociable, curious and sociable cats. They love to sit on their knees and sleep in the same bed with the owner. They love to play a wide variety of games. Burmese cats are considered ideal pets for families with children.
Weight: females - 3.5-4.5 kg, males - 5-6 kg.
Height at the shoulders: 25-30 cm.
Cost (price) of a kitten: depends on the class - from hands (without documents of origin) 2000-5000 rubles, with pedigree: pet class - from 10000 rubles, breed class - 15000-25000 rubles, show class - 25,000-70000 rubles.
Life expectancy: up to 20 years (average 12-16).
Breed diseases: hypokalemia, flat chest syndrome in kittens, congenital dry keratoconjunctivitis, eversion of the base of the third eyelid cartilage, ocular dermoid, gingivitis, congenital deformity of the skull, increased lacrimation, etc.
Country of origin: Burma.
The breed is recognized by felinological organizations: CFA, FIFe, TICA, WCF, ACF, CCA-AFC, GCCF, NZCF.
Burmese cat (Burmese): buying a kitten
Keeping and feeding a Burmese cat
Burmese: tips on caring for hair, eyes, teeth and ears
Nicknames for Burmese cats Burmese
Burmese colors Burmese
The history of the Burmese cat
Southeast Asia has presented many wonderful breeds to cat lovers, and among them the Burmese cat is not the last. There are many legends about their origin. In Burma, the ancestors of these cats were considered the reincarnation of the souls of monks and were honorary residents of temples. In the ancient “Book of Poems about Cats” (1350-1767), cats similar to Burmese were described and sung. The Bangkok Museum contains about 20 different works with images of cats, dating from the XIV-XVIII centuries, and in appearance the animals are similar to Burmese.
Superiority in breeding Burmese cats should be given to Dr. Joseph Thompson from San Francisco. In 1930 he brought to California (USA) a brown kitty named Wong Mau from the west coast of Burma. After consulting with fellow geneticists VK Cobb, KE Killer and M. Dmitrikh, Thompson bred Wong-Mau to a Siamese cat with dark brown markings named Tai-Mau. Two types of kittens were born in the litter: a Siamese color and a mother-like color. Dark brown kittens were carefully selected and used in further breeding programs. In 1934 a preliminary standard for the new breed was developed.
In 1938, through the efforts of Dr. Thompson, the first Burmese were presented at the exhibition as an independent breed group. And in 1949 a pair of Burmese cats were brought to England by the Siamese breeder Lillian France. English breeders have enriched the breed with various color variations, but the cats have lost some of the phenotypic traits inherent in American Burmese breeding, as a result of which there is an American Burmese and a "slender" European Burmese (crosses between them are prohibited and each Burmese type has its own breeding standard) …
The first Burmese cat was recognized by the American CFA in 1957, in 1960 the breed was recognized by the FIFе, and in 1979 - by TICA. The official breed standard was adopted in 1959.
Burmese cats were very successful at shows from the very beginning, peaking in popularity in the 1970s, then they were the third most popular breed after the Persian and Siamese cats. The breed turned out to be interesting, and now, thanks to the efforts of enthusiastic geneticists, we have a wonderful range of colors of Burmese cats. Today in Europe, ten colors are considered recognized: brown, chocolate, lilac, blue, red, cream and four tortie. In America, only the classic colors are recognized: brown, chocolate, blue and lilac.
There are two main types of Burmese cats - European and American. The American type has more color variations, outwardly cats have a more rounded muzzle, the body type is close to the American shorthair cat. The Burmese of the European type has less colors, the coat is thinner, the cats are of the Siamese-oriental type, lighter and have a narrower muzzle.
The body is muscular, stocky, with heavy bone. Burmese are elegant medium sized cats. The head is slightly rounded, in the form of a short wedge, wide at the cheekbones, tapering to a blunt muzzle. The ears are of medium size, slightly inclined forward, set far apart, wide at the base, with slightly rounded tips. The outer line of the ears continues the upper part of the muzzle. Nose with a pronounced stop at the base. The cheekbones are well developed. The jaws are powerful, the chin is strong. The neck is short, wide, and muscular.
The eyes are large, round or with a straightened upper line, located far from each other. Eye color is yellow in all shades up to amber, preferably golden yellow, with preference for shiny eyes. Burmese eyes have an interesting feature - they change color depending on the light source and light intensity.
The chest is strong, round, wide. The silhouette of the Burmese cat is characterized by rounded lines, no sharp corners - everything is soft, gentle and graceful. The back is straight from the shoulders to the croup. The limbs are thin, graceful. The hind legs are slightly longer than the front legs. Paws are small, oval. The tail is straight, of medium length, not thick at the base, slightly tapering towards the tip.
The coat is shiny, short, thin, without undercoat, close to the body, of one color. It emphasizes the color and changes the shade at the slightest change in the position of the hairs. In Burmese cats of all colors, uneven color intensity is observed. The head, legs, tail and back should be slightly darker. From back to belly, the color gradually brightens. The neck and chest are also slightly lighter than the main tone. To date, felinological organizations recognize ten color varieties of Burmese.
New Zealand is breeding new colors: cinnamon (Cinnamon), fawn (Fawn), caramel (Caramel) and apricot (Apricot). With the exception of New Zealand, these colors are recognized by LOOF (France), Australia and Germany.
The nature and temperament of the Burmese cat
Burmese cats are highly intelligent, cheerful, full of energy, gentle and loyal to people animals. They are very fond of attention and are extremely responsive to praise and affection. The Burmese cat is famous for its exceptional peacefulness. She looks more like a puppy waiting for the owner at the door. Cats remain playful, lively and agile until old age.
Burmese feels great in the company of people and gets along well in the house with other cats and dogs. A characteristic feature of the breed is the need to pour out its love on others. Sometimes Burmese are called "stickies", because cats all the time follow their owners from room to room. Burmese cats want to be involved in everything you do, from reading newspapers and working at the computer to cooking and watching TV together. Naturally, the cat will sleep with you on the bed, and maybe even under the covers. When you sit down, she will immediately jump into your lap, expecting to be stroked.
Despite the seeming awkwardness and heaviness, Burmese cats jump beautifully. They love to be talked to. They like to be carried in their hands, they like to ride on their shoulders. Cats are very tolerant of children and do not mind when they are dressed up. They make great playmates if they treat them with respect. The playing Burmese resembles both a clown and an acrobat at the same time.
Burmese will be outraged if she is held by force in order to do something, possibly unpleasant for her. They are very neat, do not tend to make a mess in the house. Claws are rarely released. Most of all for this Burmese cats are loved by experts who judge them at shows. Animals do not damage furniture, curtains and wallpaper. Burmese loves to talk tenderly with its master.
The Burmese cat quickly learns various tricks and commands: to bring things thrown to her, climb on command on its hind legs, say hello, give a paw, walk in a harness, etc. Burmese is always the main favorite in a family. Lying on the windowsill, they like to watch what is happening outside the window. These cats are not at all afraid of transport and travel with delight with their owner, they tolerate travel in a car well.
Excellent hunters and, if there is an opportunity for free walking, can come home with trophies (rats, mice, birds and even lizards). They have a good appetite, seldom pick and choose in food.
Because Burmese cats often form a strong attachment to their environment and their family, moving to a new home requires a period of adaptation until they feel as comfortable in their new place as in their old home. This usually takes one to three weeks.
Burmese cats cannot be left alone for a long time, they constantly need contact with humans. With a lack of attention, cats fall into depression, become withdrawn, nervous, disobedient, and sometimes stubborn.
To meet the needs for movement and physical activity, it is advisable to purchase a tall cat tree. And the more difficult it is, the better. This will help keep your cat in good shape regardless of its age.
Burmese cats are very fertile. On average, a litter contains from 4 to 6 kittens (sometimes up to 10). Kittens are born with lighter fur than adult animals. The final color is established at the age of several weeks. A light brindle color is allowed in kittens under the age of 10 months. The texture of the fur is formed by two years. The breed belongs to late maturing, cats reach their full development only by 4-5 years.
20 nicknames for Burmese cats
For male kittens: Aki, Bodo, Gown, Jatan, Zoji, Karen, Kindau, Lone, Naun, Pandey.
For female kittens: Anoma, Dakha, Inun, Keinari, Lei, Mara, Minanda, Nomua, Paran, Shani.
See the full list of nicknames …