Devon Rex

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Devon Rex
Devon Rex

Video: Devon Rex

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Video: Девон-рекс (Devon Rex) - КОТ почти без хлопот! 2023, January

Devon rex (Devon rex) - a breed of cats that appeared as a result of a natural mutation in the UK in the 1960s Distinctive features of the breed - an extraordinary appearance and friendly disposition. Large mischievous eyes betray the reckless character and inquisitive mind of the Devons. They are like puppies running after you and wagging their tails when they are happy. They are very attached to the owner, on whom they focus all their boundless love and devotion. The Devon Rex is considered one of the most comfortable and socially adapted cat breeds. Animals of this breed are less likely to cause allergies.

Weight: 2.3-4.5 kg.

Cost (price) of a kitten: in Russia - from 10,000 to 100,000 rubles (depending on the class of the kitten). In America, the cost of kittens varies from $ 250 to $ 2500. In the UK, kittens are priced between £ 250 and £ 800.

Life expectancy: up to 17 years (average 12-14).

Breed diseases: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, progressive muscle dysfunction, airway obstruction, dislocation of the patella, hip dysplasia, etc.

Country of origin: Great Britain.

The breed is recognized by felinological organizations: FIFe, CFA, TICA, GCCF, AACE, ACFA, ACF, CCA.

Devon rex cat breed photography
Devon rex cat breed photography

The nature of the Devon Rex

Devon Rex: buying a kitten, tips for feeding it

Nicknames for Devon Rex

Care for hair, ears, teeth, claws and eyes of the Devon Rex

Features of keeping Devons

Devon Rex breed standard according to TICA and CFA

History of the Devon Rex

In 1959, an unusual cat with wavy hair all over its body appeared in the vicinity of an abandoned tin mine in Devonshire (England). The cat walked calmly, not giving in to anyone, accompanied by a charming kitty. Where the cat went further is unknown, but his companion was caught, and after a while she rewarded her mistress with a litter of kittens, among which was the only black kitten with wavy fur. The cat was named Kirly - that is, "curly". Kirley was the first recorded Devonian, and it is from him that all Devonian Rex descendants.

Its owner, Miss Beryl Cox, decided that she had a new representative of the then well-known breed with curly hair - the Cornish Rex. But the very first attempts to cross Kirly with a cat of this breed were crowned with failure: all kittens were with normal straight hair. It became clear: Kirley's wavy coat is the result of a new recessive mutation not found in other breeds of crumbs. Miss Cox, and then her followers, began to breed a new breed, crossing Kirlee with his mother and daughters from different cats.

The breed quickly gained recognition in Europe. The first organization to register the breed in 1976 was the GCCF. This was followed by recognition by other feline organizations, including FIFE. Devons began to be bred not only in Europe, but also in Australia, New Zealand, and even in South Africa and Colombia. The first Devons came to the USA in 1968.

The formation of the breed in America was not easy. For a long time, the CFA refused to recognize the Devon Rex as a new breed, judging just for the "Rex", combining them with the Cornish Rex. In order to preserve and approve the unique breed, enthusiastic breeders worked on it independently, and thanks to purposeful activity, gradually, one after another, the breed began to be recognized by American felinological organizations.

Devon rex cat breed photography
Devon rex cat breed photography

CFA recognized the breed only in 1979, and in 1983 a champion class was opened. Despite its "youth", the breed has become so competitively capable that its best representatives rightfully share the prizes in the elite lists of national winners.

In 2015, the Devon Rex became the 20th most popular breed out of 55 LOOF registered breeds. In 2014 it is the 12th most popular breed out of 47 registered breeds in the USA and 14 out of 40 breeds recognized by the GCCF in the UK.

Devon Rex appearance

The Devon Rex has an elegantly built short body of medium size, muscular. The chest is wide and open. The head is wide, in the form of a short wedge rounded on all sides; the forehead is flat; transition from forehead to nose with a clear bend on the bridge of the nose. The muzzle is short, with very pronounced cheekbones, whisker pads and a strong developed chin. The skull is flat.

Ears are very large, very low set, wide at the base, tapering towards rounded tips; covered with fine wool. The eyes are very large, almond-shaped, set wide and obliquely. Any eye color other than amber. The nose is slightly bent upward. The whiskers are very short and are often curled to the point where they appear to be missing. The neck is thin, of medium length.

The coat of Devon Rex comes in different varieties - from large rings to light ripples. Kittens usually lose their hair at 8 weeks of age, although some cats do not. Many adolescent cats have suede-like coats until an adult coat begins to appear. Then molt occurs at 6 and 10 months.

The coat is short, curly, soft, fine and dense (especially on the back, sides, tail, muzzle, legs and ears; less dense on the top of the head, neck, chest and abdomen). Curly hairs behind the ears are highly prized. Devon Rex have three hair types: protective coat, awn, and undercoat. The length of the coat varies at different times of the year, usually longer in the winter months.

Devon rex cat breed photography
Devon rex cat breed photography

Long and strong legs, small legs with oval round pads. The hind legs are longer than the front ones. The tail is thin, long, covered with curly hair.

All existing color variations are allowed, including chocolate, lilac and Himalayan. The nose, paw pads and eyes are in harmony with the color of the fur. White Devon Rex eyes are either blue, or golden, or of different colors (one is blue, the other is golden).

Breeding Devon Rex

Devon Rex are patient and caring parents. The leaks pass approximately once every 3 months. Labor is usually easy. There are no more than 3-4 kittens in a litter, each weighing about 100 grams on average. Newborn kittens are very strong and mobile, some of them begin to suckle the mother even before she gnaws the umbilical cord. The eyes open early - on the 4th-5th day, but sometimes even earlier - on the 2nd-3rd. The coat of newborn kittens varies greatly - from almost bald to covered with small curls.

Curly Devon Rex hair is determined by an autosomal recessive gene, so all kittens obtained as a result of outcrossing will be straight-haired and short-haired, but will carry the Devon Rex gene, and when crossed with Devon Rex will produce a certain percentage of Devon Rex kittens. Devon Rex are not compatible with Cornish Rex. When mating Devons with other "curly" breeds, kittens are obtained without curls of hair.

Careful selection is required to breed show-class animals. To expand the gene pool and consolidate certain breed qualities in England, the blood of Cornish Rex, Siamese, Burmese, and much less often Persian and British shorthair cats was added to the Devon Rex. Subsequently, when the breed "migrated" to America, the Devon Rex were mated with the Native American Shorthair and British Shorthair cats.

Today, different associations have their own rules regarding the bleeding of other breeds. The English GCCF still allows outcrossing with Abyssinian, Asian Shorthair, Burmese, British Shorthair and Korat. Imported Devon Rex pedigrees are allowed for American and European Shorthairs. At the same time, the GCCF prohibits the presence of sphinxes in the Devon Rex pedigree.

Devon rex cat breed photography
Devon rex cat breed photography

Outcrossing is not officially permitted in the European federations FIFe and WCF, all kittens from such interbreed matings can only be registered in experimental books. Often, Burmese and Burmese are chosen as breeds for outcrossing, and mating with British, Exotic and European Shorthair cats are also known.

In the CFA, until May 1, 2013, outcrossing with the American Shorthair (ACS) and British Shorthair (BCS) breeds was officially allowed. In TICA, without specifying the validity period of the official permission, it is possible that in the pedigree, in addition to CABG and BCS, as well as EKSH (European Shorthair), Burmese, Bombay, Canadian Sphynx and Siamese cats are possible.

Blood type

Cats, like humans, have different blood types that are not always compatible with each other. In cats, three types are known - A, B and AB. The most common type of blood is A, all cats of eastern origin, Russian blues and almost all Norwegian Forest and Maine Coons have it. Among the Persians, Abyssinians, Burmese, Samoli, Scottish Folds and Sphynxes, the occurrence of type A varies from 80 to 89%, and among Exotics, British Shorthair and Cornish Rex - only 60-79%. The rest of the animals have, as a rule, blood type B. Type AB is very rare and little studied. Devons have a percentage of animals with type B blood up to 40-50% (i.e. 50-60% type A, respectively).

Genetic type A dominates over type B, and when crossing homozygous animals of two types, the offspring will have type A, but will have a carriage of type B, which may be found in subsequent generations. Crossing two representatives of type B always gives only B offspring. By itself, the type of blood does not affect the condition and health of the cat, but there is an incompatible combination when mating, threatening the death of the offspring: these are crosses of a type A cat with a type B cat, or otherwise - type A kittens are incompatible with their mother type B. In cats the mother's antibodies that are incompatible with the fetus do not pass through the planet, so kittens in this case are born normally, but the ill-fated deadly antibodies are in the colostrum. If a type A kitten born in a B cat feeds on mother's milk, especially the first 16-20 hours, he receives ready-made antibodies with it,including those working against his own blood cells. Further events can develop in different ways: some of the kittens most sensitive to these antibodies die within the first week of life. Sometimes they can show signs of yellowness and brown discharge, due to decomposing blood cells, urine. Other kittens can survive without any consequences, sometimes only due to this reaction they lose the tip of their tail at the age of 1-2 weeks.sometimes it is only as a result of this reaction that the tip of the tail disappears at the age of 1-2 weeks.sometimes it is only as a result of this reaction that the tip of the tail disappears at the age of 1-2 weeks.

Devon Rex kitten, cat breed photography photo
Devon Rex kitten, cat breed photography photo

It is believed that with repeated mating of incompatible parents, the number of kittens sensitive to antibodies increases. There is a fairly simple way to protect newborn kittens: they should not be fed to the mother during the first 1-2 days (and according to the latest data, only the first 16 hours). It is at this time that the concentration of protective antibodies in colostrum is maximum and dangerous for kittens. If you have a type A lactating cat, you can put kittens on her for a while, or artificially feed them for the first hours.

Devon Rex health

For the most part, cats of this breed are in good health. It can remain as such for a very long time if the living conditions are conducive to this, and cats have good heredity. The average lifespan of Devon Rex is 12-14 years.

Among the diseases that are most often diagnosed in Devon Rex, one should highlight: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, progressive muscle dysfunction, airway obstruction, dislocation of the kneecap, osteoarthritis, hip dysplasia, arterial thromboembolism, a predisposition to ear infections, lesion with yeast-like Malassezia cells K-dependent coagulopathy, myasthenia gravis (an autoimmune neuromuscular disease characterized by pathologically rapid fatigability of striated muscles), hereditary hypotrichosis, urticaria pigmentosa (cutaneous mastocytosis), neonatal isoerythrolysis (disease of newborn kittens) and lymphadenopathy, lymphoidopathy,, eye diseases (glaucoma, cataracts, entropy, conjunctivitis), diabetes mellitus.

Devon Rex should be protected from hypothermia and overheating. If you have a light-colored Devonian and plan to walk with him, you should apply sun cream on your pet's ears before walking, as Devons quickly burn out.

20 nicknames for devon rex

For male kittens: Alv, Allgar, El (vin), Averay, Gandelf, Meldir, Ulibury, Varo, Loki, Pazi.

For female kittens: Nereida, Oli (viya), Frida, Aylsi, Elivina, Livvy, Lowell, Mab, Alban, Laverna.

See the full list of nicknames …

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