Munchkin (cat)

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Munchkin (cat)
Munchkin (cat)

Video: Munchkin (cat)

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Munchkin (Munchkin cat) - a young breed of short-legged cats, which arose as a result of a natural genetic mutation. With an average body length, the legs of the munchkin are 2-3 times shorter than those of ordinary cats. To look around, munchkins sit on their hind legs and firmly rest on their tail. Cats can be in this position for a long time. Munchkins are short-haired and long-haired. In 2013, Lilliputian Munchkin was recognized as the smallest cat, only 13.34 cm tall (at the withers).

Munchkins are confident cats, sociable and playful. They adapt easily and are content with what life sends them. They get along well with cats, dogs and children. They love attention and are bored alone. They are hyperactive, constantly in motion, sometimes creating chaos in the house.

Weight: females - 2-3 kg, males - 3-4 kg.

Height: about 15 cm (the smallest is 13.34 cm).

Cost (price) of a kitten: a thoroughbred Munchkin kitten costs from 25,000 rubles. The price of kittens for breed and show class ranges from 30,000 to 100,000 rubles. In the UK, the price ranges from £ 450- £ 1500, in the USA - $ 250-2000 (depending on the class of the kitten).

Life expectancy: 13-16 years on average.

Country of origin: USA.

Breed diseases: The most common diseases are lordosis and sunken breasts.

The breed is recognized by felinological associations: WCF, TICA, AACE, UFO.

Short-haired munchkin, cat photo
Short-haired munchkin, cat photo

Munchkin: feeding and maintenance

Buying a Munchkin kitten

Nicknames for a Munchkin Munchkin

content Munchkin

breed standard according to the TICA Federation

History of the breed

Since the 1930s, information about unusual cats with short legs has appeared in different parts of the world. Mentions about these cats appeared in England, USA, Russia, Germany. A British veterinary report in 1944 noted four generations of healthy short-legged cats that were similar to normal cats except for the length of the legs. This line disappeared during World War II, but other short legged cats were seen in Russia in 1956 and in the United States in the 1970s.

Officially, the history of the Munchkin cat breed begins in 1983, when music teacher Sandra Hohenedel in Rayville (Louisiana, USA) picked up a pregnant short-legged cat named Blackberry. Hohenedel gave a short-legged cat to her friend Kay La France from Monroe. The kitten was named Toulouse. It is from the litter of Blackberries and Toulouse that today's Munchkin breed originates.

Believing that they had a new breed of cats, Hohenedel and Kay contacted Dr. Solveig Pfluger, judge of the show, chairman of the genetics committee of the International Cat Association (TICA) and advisor to the board of directors. According to the studies carried out, it was found that short-legged cats arose due to spontaneous mutation, and the short-legged gene has an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. The same study showed that the studied cats did not have any of the spinal cord problems commonly encountered in short-legged dogs such as the Dachshund and Welsh Corgi.

The breed got its name thanks to the characters from the famous children's book "The Wizard of Oz" (1939) by Lyman Frank Baum - funny little people, very sociable, affectionate and friendly.

Hohenedel and Kay wrote the first breed standard and established a breeding program. Other breeders soon joined the business and created their own munchkin breeding programs.

Munchkin's cat was first introduced to the general public in 1991 at the TICA show in Madison Square Garden. The first reaction was twofold, despite the attractive appearance, the new experimental breed was perceived negatively as a carrier of an unviable, unhealthy mutation. Later, genetic studies showed that short legs in this breed are the result of a natural mutation of genes responsible for the length of the limbs. This mutation does not pose any harm to the health of the cat, and when properly maintained, they do not suffer from back problems.

Since 1994, the development of the breed has continued under the supervision of TICA. In 1995, the munchkins were officially recognized. In 2001, representatives of this breed were first introduced to Russia. After years of development and controversy, Munchkin reached TICA championship status in May 2003.

In 2014, the Munchkin cat named Lilliput (from Napa, California) was recognized as the smallest cat in the world and got into the Guinness Book of Records. His height was only 13.34 cm.

Long-haired munchkin, cat photo
Long-haired munchkin, cat photo

Munchkin's appearance

Munchkin is a medium sized cat. The chest is wide, well developed, cylindrical in shape. The musculature is well developed. The shoulder blades are protruding.

The head is shaped like a modified wedge with rounded contours. Males have a slightly larger head than females. The forehead and skull are slightly rounded. The nose is of medium length. The cheeks are well developed. The eyes are medium to large in size, almond-shaped, obliquely set. Eye color, which does not necessarily match the coat color, should be as bright as possible.

The ears are medium in size, broad at the base with rounded tips. The neck is medium in size, rather thick and muscular. The tail is of medium length, thick at the base and rounded at the tip. The limbs are short, straight, muscular, strong. The front ones are shorter than the back ones. Legs are compact, rounded.

The colors are very diverse. Munchkins are long-haired and short-haired. The coat of short-haired individuals is plush, moderately dense, shiny, with a poorly defined undercoat. Long-haired munchkins have medium-length, silky hair with a small undercoat. There is a “collar” on the neck, “pants” and a fluffy tail on the hind legs.

The Munchkins have three limb lengths: standard, super-short and rug hugger.

The character and temperament of Munchkin

Munchkins are self - confident, companionable, pretty cats and affectionate playful, moreover, very curious. This is a real energizer that requires a lot of attention and is ready to play all night and all day. Best suited for families with children (6+) and single people.

Those who decide to have such a pet for themselves should be prepared for the fact that, despite their short legs, munchkins will easily find their way to the dining table, wardrobe or sideboard. With amazing dexterity, they will climb the curtains. And there is no need to talk about sofas, beds, armchairs, coffee tables.

Munchkins are loyal to their owners. These cats are people-oriented, they love to be shown signs of attention. These cats do not tolerate loneliness, so they should not be left alone for a long time. They get along well with children and are happy to participate in joint games, so buying a Munchkin kitten you get rid of many problems - the cat and the child can play together while the adults do their job. When the munchkin is not playing (it happens very rarely) he happily slumbers on his master's lap. He doesn't mind being carried and kissed.

Munchkin, cat photo, cat breed photo
Munchkin, cat photo, cat breed photo

Munchkin Pinky. Owner Boris Labykin

Despite their short legs, munchkins run fast, bouncing like ferrets and turning sharply at full speed. To see better, they often sit on their hind legs, just like prairie dogs.

Munchkins are realistic cats. They easily adapt and are content with what life sends them, but they have a magpie complex - they tend to take and hide small shiny things in a secret place. So to speak for a rainy day, and suddenly it will come in handy.

Munchkins freely form friendships with other pets. You can watch their antics for a very long time. Munchkins are considered a "chatty" breed. But you should not be mistaken that the dachshund cat will not be able to stand up for itself! If necessary, the munchkin can easily protect his "skin" from the attacks of an outsider.

To keep your pet in good physical shape, you need to play with it more often. It is advisable to purchase a low cat tree with a sunbed and a closed house.

Munchkins are smart enough, they can be easily taught various tricks, for example, how to bring a thrown ball. From games, they prefer to run after balls, fishing rods with feathers, puzzle toys and interactive toys (especially shiny ones).

Breeding munchkins

The Munchkin breed of cats is the result of a random mutation fixed (as far as possible) by a person, so in one litter there may be kittens with short, medium or long legs - but they are all Munchkin. The "munchkin gene" is autosomal dominant.

If you mate two homozygous producers (carriers of the short-leg gene), this will lead to the death of the offspring (such embryos are not viable due to the lethality of the munchkin gene, so they die and dissolve in the womb). Only kittens that are heterozygous develop into viable short legged munchkin kittens. Therefore, when breeding munchkins, one of the parents must be heterozygous (have a normal or medium length of paws).

When two short-footed cats mate, 25% of kittens will inherit both copies of the munchkin gene and die, 25% will be born with normal (long) legs and 50% will be born with short legs. That is why munchkins usually have few kittens in a litter.

Munchkin, cat breed photo, cat photo
Munchkin, cat breed photo, cat photo

Munchkin Pinky. Owner Boris Labykin

Munchkin health

Munchkins are considered a healthy cat breed with a minimum of genetic disease. The average life span of munchkins is about 13-16 years.

The most common diseases in Munchkins are lordosis (curvature of the spine as a result of muscle weakening) and sunken chest. In severe forms, this disease gives complications to the lungs and heart. According to the latest scientific studies, dwarfism in Minuet and Munchkin cats has an autosomal dominant inheritance.

There is evidence that in which representatives of the breed are found: progressive retinal atrophy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, hyperthyroidism, pancreatitis, uremia and a predisposition to diseases of the lower urinary tract and lymphosarcoma.

If your pet is healthy, an annual check-up is usually enough. It is advisable to examine kittens and older cats twice a year. Older munchkins may develop joint problems (osteoarthritis). In this case, treatment is imperative, and with an advanced form of the disease, constant intake of pain medications is necessary.

20 nicknames for munchkins

For male kittens: Dabali, Basso, Chico, Ryan, Vaughan, Kervin, Orson, Paul, Teepee, Havit.

For female kittens: Nura, Selda, Gaira, Devika, Isis, Karlin, Mal (ush) a, Odet, Paola, Henny.

See the full list of nicknames …

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