Oriental, Or Oriental Cat

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Oriental, Or Oriental Cat
Oriental, Or Oriental Cat

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Oriental cat is a short-haired cat breed officially recognized in 1977 in the USA. Distinctive features - a long, slender body, thin bones and strong muscles, wedge-shaped head, very large ears, thin long tail. These cats are extremely human-oriented and highly dependent on them. Orientals are included in the list of hypoallergenic cat breeds because they produce less of the protein Fel D1, which is responsible for the manifestation of cat allergies. Orientals are very energetic and are never indifferent to the events taking place around them. Before buying an oriental kitten, it is worth considering that these cats, with a loud and shrill voice, are very "talkative".

Weight: 3-7 kg.

Height: 23-28 cm.

Cost (price) of a kitten: depends on its quality - pet-class - from 10,000 to 20,000 rubles, breed-class kittens (approved for breeding) cost from 25,000 to 40,000 rubles, and the price of show kittens is class - from 45,000 to 80,000 rubles.

Life expectancy: up to 13-16 years.

Country of origin: USA.

Breed diseases: there is a predisposition to gingivitis and periodontitis, liver amyloidosis, lower respiratory tract problems, diabetes mellitus, heart disease, kidney problems, eye diseases, nystagmus, etc.

The breed is recognized by felinological associations: FIFe, WCF, LOOF, CFA, ACF, ACFA, TICA.

Oriental cat, oriental, photo photography
Oriental cat, oriental, photo photography

Oriental, or oriental cat: buying a kitten

Nicknames for orientals

Oriental cat: care and maintenance

How to prepare an oriental cat for an exhibition?

Feeding and health of oriental cats

Oriental cat: character and temperament

CFA oriental cat breed standard

History of the breed

Siamese cats are considered the ancestors of oriental cats. The historical ancestors of the Oriental were the property of the royal family and lived in the Siam Royal Palace. In the homeland of the Oriental, the locals never singled out cats with the Himalayan color as a special attraction. Cats of other colors were also appreciated: blue and copper-brown. At the end of the 19th century, the predecessors of the modern oriental cats, along with the Siamese cats, were imported from Thailand to England.

In 1896, an exhibition was held in England at which a blue oriental was shown, taken out of Bangkok by Mr. Spearman. Despite the place of birth, the cat was disqualified as she was of a normal (not Himalayan) color.

Until 1923, controversy continued over monochromatic animals and their show careers, until the Siamese Cat Club of Britain ruled: “The club is very sorry, but does not find it possible to encourage breeding other varieties of the breed, except for the blue-eyed Himalayan color ". Since that time, the green-eyed cats of the monochromatic color were finally excluded from the Siamese class and, accordingly, the work on creating the breed was stopped.

Oriental cat, oriental, photo photography
Oriental cat, oriental, photo photography

In 1995, two-tone colors, the so-called bicolors, were recognized in the oriental breed. Breeders, by analogy with Javanese and Balinese cats, introduced the longhair gene into the breed. Longhaired Oriental cats (Javanese cats) received CFA champion status in 1997. Today oriental cats have recognized about 300 color variations.

Since 1951, Baroness von Ullmann (cattery "Roofspringer", England) began to develop a new variety of Siamese cats with green eyes and short monochromatic brown hair. In 1956 Elsie Quinn (Quinn cattery, California) brought from England the brown Roofspringer Mahogany Quinn, which is the progenitor of the Oriental breed in America. In 1958, a preliminary standard was adopted, on July 11, 1964, the Havana breed received champion status in the CFA.

American breeders have registered the chocolate-colored oriental cat as an independent breed - Havana Brown, thereby preserving the original type and uniqueness of this cat. In America, Havana is not just a color, but also a distinctive breed type, which was lost in Europe due to joint breeding with Siamese cats and constant improvement. A byproduct of the Havana breeding program was the lilac and black and blue cats, which gained acceptance in the 1970s.

Further, American breeders began a campaign for the recognition of other colors of monochromatic cats of the Siamese type, and achieved their full recognition in 1977. Taking the Siamese cat standard as a basis, they made minor changes to it, and at the same time developed a program for working with different colors. For this, the blood of Russian blue, Abyssinian, British shorthair, American shorthair cats and some other breeds was added to the Havana.

English felinologists also did not stand still and got one-color cats of lavender color and white with blue eyes. In addition, Siamese of all sorts of colors appeared, and cats of the same type, but of different colors were considered representatives of different breeds.

Oriental cat, oriental, photo photography
Oriental cat, oriental, photo photography

The appearance of an oriental cat

The oriental cat is graceful, graceful and sophisticated. Representatives of this breed are of medium size, as well as a considerable external resemblance to the Siamese, with the exception of color.

The head is elongated, somewhat pointed, wedge-shaped. The muzzle is wedge-shaped, elongated. A beautiful straight and long nose with a smooth, smooth transition from the forehead to the nose. The eyes are almond-shaped, medium-sized, shiny, with a characteristic "eastern cut". The distance between the eyes is not less than the width of the eye. The color of the eyes is green (white cats have blue eyes or one is green and the other is blue). The skull is flat.

The ears are impressively large, widened at the base and rounded at the ends. Erect, set wide on the head.

The body of the oriental cat is long and very slender. A characteristic combination of refined bones and strong muscles. The shoulders and hips continue the straight lines of the tubular body. The hips cannot be wider than the shoulders. The belly is tucked up. Cats can be larger than cats. The neck is strong, long, slender, not distorting the proportions of the body.

The limbs are long, slender. The hind legs are higher than the forelegs, in good proportion to the body. Paws are oval, small, graceful.

The tail is flexible, long, thin at the base, tapering towards a pointed tip.

Oriental cat, oriental, photo photography
Oriental cat, oriental, photo photography

The coat is short, smooth, thin, shiny, satin, close to the body. Any is allowed if it is solid or tabby. With a solid color, the color should be of the same intensity, both along the entire length of each hair, and in general from the nose to the tip of the tail.

Nicknames for oriental cats

For male kittens: Belmont, Granville, Kyle, Salei, Tamir, Lux, Nasim (s), Yasir, Arji, Bensi.

For female kittens: Anita, Vonna, Grazia, Ivessey, Karisa, Lian, Naz (ia), Tabitha, Filicia, Hanetta.

See the full list of nicknames …

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