Table of contents:
- History of the breed
- Savannah appearance
- Savannah breeding
- Savannah health
- 20 nicknames for savannah
Video: Savannah (cat)
The Savannah cat is one of the most expensive cat breeds in the world. This hybrid of a domestic Bengal cat and an African Serval appeared in the 1980s. Savannah has a relatively high intelligence and is easy to learn. There are three factors that influence the character and behavior of the savannah: ancestry, generation and socialization. F5-F7 cats (fifth-seventh generation) are very friendly, easily get used to both the company of people and other domestic animals. The character of the F1-F3 savannas (first-third generation) is more wild and independent; without proper socialization, such cats can be wild and shy. We can say that the savannah is not a cat for everyone, and even more so, it cannot be acquired as the first cat.
Weight: first generations (F1 and F2) - 7-10 kg, last generations - 2.3-6.8 kg.
Height at withers: 35-60 cm.
Length: up to 120 cm.
Life expectancy: 15-17 years.
Cost (price) of a kitten: the price depends on the generation and color, for example, a Savannah F1 kitten costs $ 15000-30000; F2 - $ 8000-12000; F3 is around $ 5000, F4 is $ 4000, F5 and F6 are between $ 1000-3000.
Country of origin: USA.
Breed diseases: all males up to 4 knees are infertile, no hereditary diseases have been identified.
The breed is recognized by felinological organizations: TICA, CFA.
Buying a Savannah kitten and feeding it
Nicknames for the Savannah The
nature of the Savannah cat
Features of the content of the Savannah
Savannah: tips for caring for hair, ears, eyes, claws and teeth
History of the breed
Savannah is the largest breed of domestic cats, which descends from the serval (Leptailurus serval) - a wild animal from the Feline family that lives in the vastness of Africa.
The idea of crossing a wild African serval and a domestic cat originated in the early 1980s, and the first viable cubs from this union were born on April 7, 1986 in the United States on the "cat farm" of the breeder Judy Frank. The kitten was named Savannah (from the word "savannah"), this name gave the name to the breed. Breeders sought to create a large-sized domestic cat with an exotic wild color, but with the docile character of a domestic cat, adapted for comfortable keeping at home.
All savannahs are united by the fact that their ancestor in any tribe was a serval. This African is a wild cat with very high legs and a body up to 135 cm long. Serval is distinguished by spotted coloration and disproportionately large locator ears. He has a small head relative to the body. This cheetah-like "parent" of the savannah cat is distinguished by the fact that it jumps very high (up to 3 meters up), knows how and loves to swim, and is an excellent hunter.
To obtain savannahs, servals are most often crossed with domestic Bengal cats. Previously, Siamese cats, Egyptian Mau and Oriental short-haired cats were also used for crossing, but today, for the continuation of the savannah cats, they are reduced only to Bengals.
Patrick Kelly worked with breeder Joyce Sroufe to develop the foundations of the new breed standard. In May 2012, the Savannah breed was recognized only by TICA, which officially registered it in 2011, while the Savannah does not meet the requirements of other international felinological associations. The reason is that this is an unstable breed with no clear signs that would be passed on to offspring.
All savannahs are united by the fact that their ancestor in any tribe was a serval. Serval is distinguished by an elongated body, an elongated neck, long legs, large rounded ears and a thick spotted coat. It differs from other breeds by a more developed intellect. Savannahs take about 3 years to reach their maximum size.
Savannah is a large cat, its size reaches a very impressive size - at the withers up to 60 centimeters, and weight - up to 7 kilograms (up to 10 kg in castrated males).
The head is triangular in shape, with a long nose and a short chin. It is preferred that the head be marked "ll" rather than "M", although this is not part of the breed standard.
The eyes are large enough, widely spaced. The upper part of the eye resembles a boomerang, which is set at an angle so that the corner of the eye is tilted down the line of the nose. The lower half of the eye is almond-shaped. The eyes are set moderately deep, set low on the forehead. Often from the corner of the eyes along the sides of the nose there are dark "lacrimal pathways" characteristic of the breed. Eye color ranges from yellow to green.
Ears are vertical, set wide apart, rather large, pubescent along the inner edge, with rounded tips. On the back of the ears there are light "eyes" like those of wild felines.
The tail is short, thick, with black rings and a black tip.
The coat is short, thick, soft, without undercoat. The spots are solid, dark, round, oval or elongated. The belly is spotty, almost white. The final color and pattern of the savannah becomes apparent only by one and a half years.
Savannah kitten F1
Recognized colors: brown spotted tabby (golden coat with black spots), silver spotted tabby (gray or silver with rich black spots), tabby (brown or silver), black (in the distance, black savannas appear completely black, their coat is completely black, and the spots are even darker) and smoky (cats have a similar pattern, but with a white undercoat that contrasts with a rich black shade).
The limbs are long and thin, the hind legs seem very high. Paws are small with long toes.
Only Bengal cats are currently used for breeding the Savannah. Breeding savannah is difficult, since all hybrids of wild cats, including savannah, males up to the fourth generation are sterile. As of 2011, there is evidence of infertility in some male F5 and F6 savannahs.
The appearance of the savannah is very dependent on the generation, the higher the percentage of serval's blood, the more “wild” the cat has. The cost of the cat also depends on the presence of a percentage of serval's blood.
Savannah generations are classified with the letter F:
F1 - first generation, with one serval parent (50% serval blood), F2 - second generation (25% serval blood), F3 - third generation (12.5% serval blood), F4 - fourth generation (6.25% serval blood), F5 - fifth generation (3.12% serval).
The designations reach F7. All generations prior to F4 are considered wild animal hybrids. Their maintenance, breeding or importation is prohibited in some countries and states of the United States. If the savanna is crossed again with the serval, then the descendants will have 75-80% serval blood and will look like a serval.
The size of cats depends a lot on generation and gender, with F1 and F2 hybrid cats usually being the largest. Most first generation savannahs possess many or all of the exotic traits of a serval. Savanna males are usually larger than females.
Savannah F1 can weigh between 3.6 and 9.1 kg, with castrated F1 or F2 males weighing the most. Savannahs of the latest generations weigh from 3.2 to 6.8 kg. The size of kittens can vary significantly even within a single litter.
Savannahs of the first generation are very difficult to breed due to the significant difference in gestation times between the serval and the domestic cat (75 days for the serval and 65 days for the domestic cat). Pregnancy is often terminated or kittens are born prematurely. In addition, servals are sometimes quite picky about the choice of partners and often refuse to mate with domestic cats.
Females of generations F1-F3 are usually used by breeders for breeding and only sell males. The opposite occurs in generations F5-F7, but to a lesser extent, males are used for breeding and females are sold as pets.
Savannahs F1 and F2 have behavior similar to their wild ancestor: jumping, fighting, running, domination, etc. The behavior of the F5 and F6 generation savannas is more similar to that of traditional domestic cats.
In most cases, savannahs have pretty good health, which, however, does not mean that they cannot get any feline disease under adverse living conditions. Veterinarians note that adult savannahs can develop liver problems.
Timely vaccination will help protect your pet from many feline diseases and increase life expectancy, which also depends on nutrition, care and conditions.
The average lifespan of savannas is about 15 years.
Since the savannah is a hybrid of a wild and domestic cat, some cat medications, vaccines, etc. are not suitable for them. Generation F5 (fifth) is considered completely domestic and the treatment of such savannahs is practically no different from the treatment of other breeds of domestic cats.
Hybrids are more susceptible to some injectable forms of anesthesia than domestic cats. The use of ketamine along with medetomidine (Domitor, Dorbene, Dormilan, Medetor, Sedastart, Sedator, Sederm) and butorphanol (Alvesesic, Dolorex, Torbugesik, Torbutrol, Torfazol) with an antagonist of atypamezole (Antisedan, Atipam, Servopam, Revertor), therefore it is used for anesthesia in the savannahs. Isoflurane can be used instead of ketamine, instead of injectable anesthetics.
Savannah blood counts are known to be indistinguishable from typical domestic cats, despite their serval genes. Some veterinarians claim that savannahs have smaller livers (relative to body size) than regular pets.
The Pfizer Felocell 4 vaccine is suitable for vaccinating savannas. Although the manufacturer recommends vaccinating annually, many breeders vaccinate their savannahs every two or three years, depending on the situation.
Some breeders do not recommend vaccinating kittens against feline viral leukemia with FeLeuk vaccine, as they do not tolerate it well. But in adult savannahs, negative reactions to this vaccine were not observed.
In 2009, Scarlett Magic won the title of the largest domestic cat in the world, measuring 43.43 centimeters at the withers. In 2017, the record was broken by another savanna named Arcturus Aldebaran Powers, who is 48.3 centimeters tall at the withers and weighs 13.6 kg.
20 nicknames for savannah
For male kittens: Orest, Anuar, Vajo, Ibor, Garvan, Prang, Tagar, Emir, Nebi, Nartysh.
For female kittens: Assi, Vilda, Damia (na), Tigress, Barbara, Mistigri, Suria, Ilona, Seshat, Iza.
See the full list of nicknames …