Table of contents:
- History of the Siamese cat
- The appearance and physique of the Siamese
- Siamese cats colors
- The nature and temperament of the Siamese cat
- 20 nicknames for Siamese cats
Video: Siamese Cat, Or Siam
The Siamese cats are a shorthaired breed of cats of the Siamese-oriental group. This is not a cat that walks on its own. Siam are strongly attached to a person and do not tolerate loneliness. They know the regime of their masters and do not like it when it changes. Siamese cats are generally affectionate and intelligent animals. They require a lot of attention and tend to crave to be in the center of the action. Siam, left to itself, can do a lot of trouble. In addition to the unusual color, a distinctive feature of the Siamese is their extraordinary "talkativeness". With their loud, raspy voices, they comment on everything and everything almost most of the time. Siamese cats are not only smart, but very cunning and quick-witted. If they want to get something, they will definitely achieve it.
Weight: 3-7 kg.
Height: from 27 to 31 cm.
Cost (price) of a kitten: pet-class kittens (pet) can be purchased from 7,000 rubles, breed-class - from 20,000 rubles, show-class - from 30,000 rubles and above.
Life expectancy: up to 20 years (average 12-14).
Country of origin: Thailand.
Pediatric diseases: retinal atrophy, systemic amyloidosis, brachiuria, subvalvular aortic stenosis, GMG1 gangliosidosis, hydrocephalus, esophageal achalasia, hip dysplasia, cutaneous asthenia, strabismus, nystagmus, patent ductus arteriosus, mucopolysaccharidosis.
The breed is recognized by felinological organizations: LOOF, CFA, ACF, ACFA, TICA, FIFe, WCF.
Siamese cat: buying a kitten and preparing it for the exhibition
Nicknames for Siamese cats
Keeping a Siamese cat
Siamese cat: grooming hair, ears, eyes, claws
Feeding Siamese cats
Health and diseases of Siamese cats
History of the Siamese cat
The state of Thailand in former times was called Siam. Therefore, the cat breed, which arose on the territory of this country more than 600 years ago, was named Siam. There are many varieties of Siamese, differing in color. These cats were valued very dearly and lived only in the palaces of the rulers.
From the capital of Siam - Krung Thep (present-day Bangkok), the first breeding pair of cats was brought to England by Suen Goode, who allegedly managed to receive such a priceless gift from the king himself in 1884. The first Siamese cats brought to Europe were the seal-point color, which became the classic (dark brown markings on a black background). Their descendants were exhibited at the Crystal Palace in 1885, and the first breed standard was written in 1892. In 1901, the British Siamese Cat Club was organized, and in 1902 the standard was significantly expanded. Then the Siamese cat came to America, where since 1902 it was the leader in exhibitions and had extraordinary popularity.
It is not known exactly what eye color was characteristic of the first Siamese who came to Europe. However, breeding in both Europe and the United States was aimed at perpetuating the "china blue" tone, and by the 1950s the vast majority of Siamese cats had blue eyes rather than blue eyes.
Since the 1950s, the exterior and appearance of Siamese cats has gradually changed: the body and legs are lengthened and thinner, the tail, too, and the ears become larger.
In the USSR, Siamese cats were imported by S.V. Obraztsov in the early 1960s, and, as once in England, the breed rapidly spread throughout the country. These cats belonged precisely to the old, traditional type of Siamese. True, due to the many uncontrolled crossings and the absence of any selection, the type of these cats has been preserved in few places.
As a result of meeting with other breeds and local cats, the breed lost its purebredity. In the homeland of the Siamese cat - in Thailand, the same thing happened. Therefore, the Wildlife Conservation Association of Thailand resumed work to increase the number of Siamese and restore the purity of the breed. Many are engaged in breeding Siamese in England.
Since the 1980s, “traditional” Siamese have become less and less popular and the standard has been adapting to a new type. The first Siamese cats were distinguished by short wedge-shaped heads, rounded in the cheekbones and muzzle, a profile with a clear ledge at the transition from forehead to nose. Mature cats were also distinguished by developed cheeks and a powerful neck. In general, the first Siamese gave the impression of compact, elegant cats. In the early 1990s, the WCF adopted the Thai breed standard, the European equivalent of the "traditional" Siamese cats that exist in the United States. So, following the historical homeland, the old type Siamese cat also changed its name.
Over the past 90 years, the external aboriginal features of Siamese cats - a dense body, a round head, a shortened (or with "knots" and kinks) tail - have been reduced to nothing. Modern Siamese cats have blue almond-shaped eyes; triangular head; large, set ears; elongated, slender, tubular and muscular body; thin long legs; long, thin tail, tapering towards the end. At the same time, breeders also worked on the development of new colors (marks on the face and ears, called "mask").
The appearance and physique of the Siamese
The Siamese cat has a flexible, tubular, flexible body. The shoulders are approximately the same width as the hips. Strong back and loin. The head is of medium size, wedge-shaped. The nose is long, straight, continuing the line of the forehead without kink. The chin and jaws are of moderate size. The neck is long and slender.
The ears are elongated, very large, wide at the base and pointed at the ends; set so that an equilateral triangle forms between the nose and the tips of the ears.
The eyes are round, slightly slanted, shallow set. Eye color depends on color, for example, eyes are usually intense blue for seal points, bright blue for blue points, and violet for cats with chocolate and purple markings.
The limbs are relatively long, thin, slender. The hind ones are somewhat longer than the front ones. Paws are small, oval.
The tail is long, thin, whip-like, pointed at the end, usually black in color.
The coat is short, delicate to the touch, thick, shiny, close-fitting to the skin, no undercoat. All Siamese have acromelanic color (different color of the main coat and hairline on the face, ears, legs and tail), which is called "point". Siamese kittens are born completely white, and a few days after birth, the points begin to darken. The final color in Siamese cats is established at the age of 6-12 months.
Siamese cats colors
Seal point. The coat color of this Siamese is cream, darkening to light brown. "Mask", ears, legs, paws, deep black-brown tail. The full mask on the face is connected to the ears with stripes (this is not the case with young animals). The eyes are bright, glowing, deep blue. Disadvantages are light legs, a greenish tint to the eyes.
Blue point. The snow-white color on the back turns to blue, the same tone as the markings, but lighter. The markings are solid blue. Ears should not be darker than other markings. The eyes are bright, lively, glowing blue.
Chocolate point. Ivory body; if with a shade, then the shade should be the same color as the marks - the color of coffee with milk, solid. Eye color is blue.
Lilac point. The body is the color of the knocked down squirrel (if there is a shade, it must match the tone of the marks) The markings are light gray with a pink tint. The speculum of the nose and paw pads are light purple. The eyes are bright, lively, light blue (but not faded!).
Tabby point. Tabby point cats are distinguished by the fact that their markings are not uniform, as in previous breeds, but with spots or mixed colors (red or cream). The body is pale, preferably without shades, must correspond in color to the standard of a certain color; marks, like all Siamese: "sil", or "blue", or "chocolate", or "lilac". "Mask" in the tone of the markings, with spots or mixed red and cream colors, and it should be clearly visible whether it is a spot or a mixture of colors. Other marks are like a mask; tail with clearly defined rings of different sizes, the tip is one-color. The eyes are bright, radiant blue; eyelids with a dark outline (or to match the markings).
Red point. The body is white: if there is a shade, then it is apricot. Markings (mask, ears, tail) of a bright golden-red color; legs and feet are golden red or apricot. The nasal speculum is pink. The eyes are blue. Stripes on the head, tail, legs, feet are not considered a fault.
Cake point. The color of the body is the same as that of certain varieties of Siamese; color of markings corresponding to: "seal", "blue", "chocolate" or "lilac". The "mask" is black-brown, blue, chocolate, lilac with spots or mixed red and cream colors. The paws and tail are painted like a mask, the distribution of spots on the base tone of the markings and the color of the nose mirror are arbitrary.
The color of the "mask", tail and limbs should be intense and uniform. Only four colors are recognized in the CFA: seal point, blue point, chocolate point, and layeck point.
The nature and temperament of the Siamese cat
Siamese cats are generally affectionate and intelligent animals. This is not a cat that walks on its own. Siam is strongly attached to one person and very subtly feel his mood. If you are having fun, then the pet will have fun with you, and if it is sad, he will try to comfort you with his songs. Siam cannot stand loneliness and, left alone, begin to loudly call the owners. And since cats of this breed have a rather loud voice, not all neighbors will like this behavior. For this reason, people who are at work most of the day should not get a Siamese cat. So that the pet does not feel bored, buy him a friend (a cat or a dog), then in your absence the animals themselves will entertain each other. But it's best when two or three Siamese live in the house at once.
The Siamese cat requires attention and, as a rule, loves to be in the center of events, loves affection and stroking. With the wrong upbringing, a little wayward tyrant can grow from a cute kitten. Siam, left to its own devices, can do a lot of mischief: turn on the water tap, check the contents of the trash can, open the cabinets and “clean” it of unnecessary things, “look after” flowers, check the strength of new curtains or wallpaper, etc.
Some Siamese are extremely "talkative" - with their loud, specific voice, they comment on anything and everything almost all the time. Siamese cats are not only smart, but also very cunning and quick-witted. If they want to get something, they will definitely achieve it.
There is evidence that Siamese cats (especially cats) very jealously defend their apartment "habitats and migration routes." They do not like to be thrown from their favorite chair, sofa, or too often walk past them.
Siam is usually active and playful, even as adults. One gets the impression that they are tireless. Easy to train. They love to climb somewhere higher and from there observe the "surroundings". There is no limit to their curiosity.
Siamese cats are used in feline therapy to help disabled children and hyperactive children. Thanks to their very lively character and good nature, the Siamese encourage disabled children, for example, suffering from forms of autism, to lead a more active lifestyle.
From toys they choose those with which you can play active games: mice, balls, fishing rods, a laser pointer, interactive toys. It is advisable to purchase a tall and complex (if possible) "cat tree", where the Siamese could "let off steam" while you are busy with something.
20 nicknames for Siamese cats
For male kittens: Anat, Bao, Wei, Dong, Ozan, Niran, Plack, Reu, Tian, Shadi.
For female kittens: Freya, Wunsey, Daluna, Zinni, Cleara, Lily (en), Mada, Nari, Ratana, Surya.
See the full list of nicknames …