Table of contents:
- History of the Singaporean cat
- The appearance of a Singaporean cat
- The nature and temperament of the Singaporean cat
- Singapore cat health
- 20 nicknames for a Singaporean cat
Video: Singapore Cat, Or Singapore
The Singapore cat, or Singapore (Singapura cat) is a breed of short-haired cats of a small size and oriental type, with a golden cream color. Singapore is one of the smallest cat breeds. These cats have a pronounced talent for all kinds of tricks. They love to be the center of attention and will stop at nothing to get that attention. Even in old age, they remain active and playful. Singapore cats are very curious and show remarkable intelligence to find their favorite treat or toy. If you take the time to befriend Singapore, then you will have a loyal companion. These cats are not talkative, their gentle voice is almost inaudible.
Weight: 2-3 kg.
Height: 15-20 cm.
Cost (price) of a kitten: pet-class kittens cost from 25,000 to 30,000 rubles, breed-class from about 40,000 to 50,000 rubles, the price of Singaporean show-class kittens ranges from 60,000 to 130,000 rubles or more.
Life expectancy: 11-15 years.
Country of origin: Singapore.
Breed diseases: pyruvate kinase deficiency, uterine inertness; some cats are hypersensitive to certain vaccines.
The breed is recognized by felinological organizations: AACE, ACA, ACFA, CCA, CFA, CFF, TICA, TCA, UFO, FIFe, WCF, LOOF.
Singapore cat: buying and feeding a kitten
Nicknames for a Singaporean cat
Care for the hair, eyes, ears and teeth of a Singaporean cat
Maintenance of a Singaporean cat
Breed standard Singaporean cat according to CFA
Breed standard Singaporean cat according to TICA
History of the Singaporean cat
The first cats of this breed were brought to America from Singapore. Like many other seaports, Singapore is inhabited by a host of wild felines that feed on waste from the fishing industry. Small brown cats with ticked hair have been known to the people of Singapore for many years. They were disparagingly called "sewer cats."
In 1975, Tommy and Hal Meadow removed from Singapore three sepia-colored ticked cats named Tess, Tickle and Pussy. Tommy Meadow, a former CFF judge and breeder of Abyssinian and Burmese cats, wrote the breed standard and started a breeding program using imported cats as a fund. She gave the breed the name Singapura. Singapore cats were first presented at the show in 1976. In 1980, breeder Barbara Gilbertson, who became interested in these cats, brought to the United States two more individuals from Singapore, which had a brown ticking color. Imports of native cats continued for several more years, gradually increasing the Singapore population in the United States.
Working on improving the breed, breeders have relied on coat color. Each singapura hair is colored three times: at the base - the color of old ivory, in the middle - dark brown, at the end - sepia. In the standard, the color of the fur is designated as "sepia agouti", in the English version this color is called sand-speckled, which is more accurate from a genetic point of view. This mixture of three colors gives the impression of a shimmer of delicate pinkish and beige gold.
In 1987, Singaporean cats from the United States were introduced to Europe and Belgium for the first time.
The conflict arose in 1990 when Tommy Meadow admitted that Tess, Tickle and Pussy were born in America and were taken to Singapore in 1974 when she and her husband left for work there. Tommy claimed that these cats were descendants of those animals that her husband sent her in 1971, who was in Singapore at the time.
Tommy said that after seeing the offspring of these cats, she thought that cats could create a gene pool for a hitherto unknown breed. However, due to the confidential nature of her husband's work, she had to hide the true origins of the cats. Tommy believes that since she did not keep track of the first three cats, the year 1975 should be considered the beginning of the breeding program.
In February 1991, at a CFA board meeting, the Meadows were asked to explain the situation. Hal produced his passport and visa confirming his stay in Singapore in 1971 and the CFA board decided not to take action against the founders of the breed. The rest of the associations also had nothing against the Singaporean breed.
It was rumored that Singapore was not at all exported from the country of the same name, but was the result of crossing Abyssinian and Burmese cats. Despite everything, the breed was adopted by almost all feline organizations, both in America and in Europe.
The gene pool of the breed is still small, and in most associations it is not allowed to cross the Singapore cats with other breeds. Breeders suggest importing more cats from Singapore to keep the breed healthy. But the Singapore government has banned the export of its "national cat" abroad, and now it is not so easy to get a Singaporean for breeding work. For all these reasons, the breed remains rare.
Singapura variations (such as nonaguchi or wrong color) can be used in a breeding program, but cannot be registered or exhibited in a show like the Singapura. Those with an approved outcross in 3 generations of pedigrees are defined as cats of the "Singapura phenotype".
The appearance of a Singaporean cat
Despite its small size, the Singaporean cat is a sturdy, compact, stocky animal with a short neck and muscular limbs. The rib cage is rounded, the back is slightly arcuate. The limbs are of medium length, muscular, tapering evenly towards small oval tarsi.
The skull is rounded, with a short, wide, well-defined muzzle. The nose is small, dull. Profile - with a slight transition below eye level.
The eyes are round, very large, set wide apart. Eye color - from yellow-green to yellow and hazel.
Ears are large, wide at the base, with slightly rounded tips and light "brushes", medium set, slightly tilted forward.
The tail is thin, of medium length, with a slightly rounded dark tip.
The coat is thin, short, silky, tight-fitting, thick, there is no undercoat.
Only one color is recognized - agouti sepia (dark brown ticking on a light base color of old ivory). In addition, each hair of the coat should have at least two dark ticking zones, separated by lighter areas. On the skin, the hair color is always lighter, and at the tip it is darker. Muzzle, chest and belly the color of unbleached muslin with dark brown stripes on the muzzle. There is an M-shaped mark on the forehead. On the body, the ticking is uniform, without a pattern. A "strap" should be visible along the spine, and the tip of the tail and heels should be colored in the ticking color.
The nose of a pale or dark pinkish salmon. The outline of the eyes and lips are underlined with a thin dark outline. The hair between the toes is dark brown, the paw pads are pinkish brown. Warm, light tones and shades are preferred.
The nature and temperament of the Singaporean cat
In the Guinness Book of Records, the Singapore cat is named the smallest domestic cat. Singaporeans attract fans with their good looks and gentle disposition.
Singaporeans, as a rule, give preference to one owner, loneliness is hard going. Having chosen one family member, they devote their time to him, accompany him around the house, play with him more willingly than with other people, relax or be sad next to him. Other family members (if any) are treated calmly, sometimes paying attention to them. They like to curl up in bed with their owner or sit on his lap.
They will never hide under the bed, but together with you they will come out to meet and greet anyone who knocks on your door. Singapore cats most often do not show any special feelings for other animals. However, another cat can be a good playmate for the Singapura.
Singapore cats don't like loud noises. They may be frightened if they hear an unexpected loud noise. Therefore, keep this in mind if you live in a noisy area, or you have children who like to shout and be capricious, or a dog who loves to bark, you should not start this breed.
Don't be influenced by your pet's innocent gaze. Singapore cats do not recognize human authority and have a pronounced talent for all kinds of tricks. They love to be the center of attention and will stop at nothing to get it. They are not talkative. Their gentle voice is almost inaudible, even if some gross injustice is committed in the world, for example, there is no food in the bowl.
Singaporean cats are often very playful, sometimes to the highest degree of mischief. They are masters of various kinds of mischief. That is why these cats are not suitable for everyone. Singapore will easily get along with a lover of fun, that is, with someone who will not be discouraged by the cat's tricks, but, on the contrary, amused.
Cats of this breed are interested in absolutely everything around, especially those places where they are not allowed. Trying to get into these "mysterious" corners, whether it is a room, or a bedside table, or a master's bag, or a bag of treats, Singaporean cats are able to show incredible (from a human point of view) intelligence and ingenuity. Singaporeans easily learn to open doors and cabinet doors, pull out drawers, remove lids from buckets (garbage, for example), some even learn to open the refrigerator and turn on some electrical appliances. They love to climb higher and from there to observe everyone, and sometimes unexpectedly jump on the shoulders of the owner passing by.
For the representatives of the feline world, Singaporean cats endure loneliness quite steadily, but before leaving Singapore alone for more than one day, it is worth considering whether the house itself will endure long-term feline loneliness. Bored, a Singaporean cat can chase small objects and things along the corridor, tap-tap on the keyboard, climb on curtains, check the contents of pots in the kitchen, clean up the shelves and closets, etc. To keep your house and things intact, provide your cat with toys -puzzles (especially with food) and toys with which you can play active games. You can place a cat complex in the house, which is mounted on the ceiling and on the walls, this will somehow entertain the cat in your absence. Even in old age, these cats remain active and playful.
Singapore cats love warmth and do not tolerate cold, so you need to create some warm and cozy places in the house where they can curl up and take a nap when you are at work.
Singapore cat health
Singaporeans are healthy enough, but still every cat is different. Much in the matter of health and longevity depends on hereditary factors, living conditions, feeding, care of the owner. If the owner tries to provide the pet with a decent life (monitors its diet, conducts examinations, turns to the veterinarian in a timely manner, is not lazy to take care of Singapore, keeps the tray, bowls and the room as a whole clean, gives attention to the pet, and so on), then Singapore can count on for a long and happy life.
The average duration of cats of this breed is 11-15 years. A case of a Singaporean cat surviving up to 18 years has been registered.
A condition known as uterine inertia (inability to expel a fetus due to weak muscles) occurs in the breed. In this case, the cats are given a caesarean section.
Another problem affecting the breed is pyruvate kinase (PKDef) deficiency, which leads to hemolytic anemia. Typical symptoms of the disease include lethargy, diarrhea, lack of appetite, poor coat quality, weight loss, and jaundice.
A 2007 study showed that the Singaporean cat (along with the Burmese) has the least genetic diversity among the 22 breeds studied, so it is wiser to buy a kitten from a breeder who gives a written guarantee (certificate) of its health.
20 nicknames for a Singaporean cat
For male kittens: Akando, Barney, Dustin, Kevin, Nicholas, Paul, Ricky, Tony, Harvey, Adrian.
For female kittens: Abrielle, Bless, Deleney, Gloria, Claire, Lillian, Megan, Sally, Tiffany, Holy.
See the full list of nicknames …