Table of contents:
- History of the Scottish Fold cat
- Scottish fold appearance
- The nature and temperament of the Scottish Fold cat
- 20 Scottish Fold nicknames
Video: Scottish Fold Cat, Or Scottish Fold
Scottish fold cat, or Scottish fold cat is a breed of cats with a characteristic structure of the ears, which are bent forward and downward. The reason for the breed's unusual appearance is a gene mutation. The Scottish Fold is a docile and calm breed. Animals are distinguished by high intelligence and excellent learning ability. Despite their calm nature, Scottish Folds are playful and relatively active - especially as kittens. These cats almost never show aggression and get along well with other pets and children. One of the special features of the breed is the ability to stand on its hind legs without much effort. Usually they do this if they are interested in something. They do not tolerate loneliness and do not like changes, sometimes they can be stubborn.
Weight: cats - 4-6 kg, cats - 2.7-4 kg.
Cost (price) of a kitten: from 2,000 to 60,000 rubles.
Life expectancy: up to 22 (average 10-15 years).
Country of origin: Scotland.
Breed diseases: problems with the musculoskeletal system, cardiomyopathy, brachycephalic syndrome, polycystic kidney disease, etc.
The breed is recognized by felinological organizations: CFA, TICA, AACE, ACFA / CAA, LOOF, CFA, ACF, WCF.
Buying a kitten scottish fold, his health and the maintenance
Nicknames for Scottish Fold
Scottish Fold: caring for the ears, eyes, claws and teeth
Scottish Fold: Tips for feeding
Scottish-Straight or Scottish pryamouhie cat
breed standards scottish fold, or Scottish Fold (CFA, TICA, WCF)
History of the Scottish Fold cat
In 1961, a white cat with drooping ears was born on a farm near the small town of Copar Angus (Tayside region, Scotland), which was named Susie. It is she who is considered the ancestor of Scottish folds. When Susie's kittens were born, two of them had folded ears. One kitty (named Snooks) was acquired by a neighbor farmer, William Ross, who was an avid cat lover.
The first time Snooks mated with an unknown red-tabby cat. There was one cat with folded ears in the litter - Snowball (Snowball). The name itself - Scottish Fold (Scottish Fold cat), was fixed in 1966. In 1969, two more kittens with unusual ears were born: Denisla Hester and Denisla Hackter. Snowball, in turn, was mated to Lady Mae, a white British shorthair cat. Five kittens with folded ears were born at once. The kittens of these litters became the founders of the breed.
With the support and help of British geneticists, the Ross began to breed Scottish Folds using folded-eared cats and British cats. They named their first nursery "Denisla". In the first three years of the breeding program, 76 kittens were born: 42 with folded ears and 34 with straight ears.
As a result, it turned out that drooping ears were transmitted according to the dominant type, but when trying to fix the mutation, the owners were faced with the fact that homozygous animals for the Fd mutation suffered from disorders of the musculoskeletal system. The bones in such individuals shorten and thicken in the area of the joints, the vertebrae often grow together - up to a complete loss of mobility. Therefore, the new breed could only be bred in a heterozygous form - that is, with constant crosses with normal, without hanging ears, individuals.
British and mongrel cats were originally used as such. From such mating, both ordinary and fold kittens were born. In these latter, as a rule, there were no abnormalities in the skeletal system, although occasionally minor violations were found, for example, deformities or fusion of the caudal vertebrae. And yet the likelihood of severe consequences of the mutation led to the fact that in some felinological organizations the breeding of Scottish Folds was banned. Nevertheless, the prohibitions of the breed enthusiasts could no longer be stopped. Scottish Folds continued to be bred in various countries, and breeders in the United States were especially successful in this.
In 1970, Dr. Noel Tod, a geneticist from New England, brought three animals (three Snooks daughters) to America at the Cornworth Genetic Center. They were Denisla Judy, Denisla Joy and Denisla Hester. Under his supervision, two litters were obtained from Judy and Joy. In 1971, the first Scottish Fold litter from Hester mating with an exotic shorthair cat was officially registered, in which there was one blue fold cat, Viola Jed Kalant.
Todd then lost interest in animals, and Sally Wolf Peter, the famous Manx breeder fascinated by Scottish Folds, becomes the first Scottish Fold breeder in the United States. Then Karen Votova and Guy Thorner became breeders. Karen Votova used Viola for the first mating and the American Shorthair cat. Two Scottish Folds from this litter became the base for Bryic kennel.
In the United States, Scottish Folds were crossed not only with British cats, but also with American Shorthair cats. However, here, too, the problem of breeding the breed turned out to be associated with the harmful consequences of the mutation. Therefore, instead of crossing folds with any short-haired cats, they began to pick up their straight descendants - "straights" (from the English stright - straight) as partners to folds. The breeding strategy is reflected in the American Scottish Fold breed standard. For example, it has programmed selection to lengthen the tail (a long and tapering tail is preferred). It is this selection strategy against tail shortening that reduces the risk of splitting out anomalies in the joint structure.
In 1974, US breeders applied to the CFA for experimental registration of the Scottish Fold, and on May 2, 1977, the breed became official in the CFA. In 1978-1979. the first Scottish Fold cat (blue-cream on white male Jensen Minnie Pearl of Kang Ri) rose to champion status and became the best CFA animal.
At the same time, when in the States the breeding of the Scottish Fold cat had already found many of its adherents, and the genetic basis for breeding was obtained, in Europe everything was just beginning. So, in France, it was only in 1982 that the first Scottish Fold was presented at an exhibition, and in 1986 the breeder of British cats Salinque brings from Belgium a cat - black-marbled with white - the grandson of the grand champion of America - Scottish Redford. In Europe, Scottish Folds were bred according to the Scottish Fold + British Shorthair crossbreeding program. As a result, most of the European folds obtained from crosses with such British are distinguished by loose and oversized ears.
Until 2005, striights in Europe were recorded as British Shorthairs, which caused great harm to both the British and Scottish breeds. Since 2005, straights have been recognized not only as an auxiliary tool for breeding folds, but also as an official breed, which has its own standards and is called the Scottish Straight (Scottish Straight). A long-haired variety, the fold highland, has also been bred, but it is still rare.
Lop-eared animals of European breeding often have one serious drawback - unstable lop-earedness. For example, after giving birth, many cats have raised ears, which seriously affects their conformation. This is because purebred Britons involved in breeding do not carry the lop-ear gene like Scottish Straights.
However, America remains the main breeding center for Scottish Folds. Since the best representatives of the breed are gathered here. Breeding of Scottish Folds in France, Belgium and Germany is still based on imported animals.
Scottish fold appearance
The Scottish Fold is an animal of medium size, strong, harmonious constitution. The body is stretched, graceful, different from the British stocky type. The shoulders and hips are the same width, the chest is voluminous, wide. The neck is short.
The head is rounded, massive, with a strong chin and developed jaws. The muzzle is rounded, the mustache pads are well developed. The cheeks are full, the jaws are wide. The nose is short, wide, with a noticeable base at the forehead, without a stop.
The eyes are large, round, open, set wide apart. Can be of different colors, but must match the color of the coat (from yellow to amber, blue or emerald). Sometimes there are cats with multi-colored eyes. As a rule, these are white cats with blue and yellow eyes.
The ears are set wide and folded so that their upper part covers the ear opening (that is, they hang down), rounded at the ends. The more tightly the ears are pressed to the head, the more valuable the representative of the breed. From the tips of the ears to the earlobe, a right-angled triangle should be formed with a 90-degree apex on the earlobe. The ears should not go beyond the outline of the head. There are several degrees of fold: with one (the ear is bent forward to about half of the ear), two (denser than an ear with one fold) and three (ears close to the head, show animals) folds.
The limbs are of medium length and thickness, strong, with round graceful paws. The fingers are movable.
The tail is medium to long, thick at the base and tapering at the tip. Individuals with the most mobile tail are appreciated.
The coat is short, thick, elastic, very soft to the touch, elastic, close to the body.
The color can be very diverse: one-color (blue, black, white, sand, cream, milk chocolate), multicolor (harlequin, van), striped (various tabby patterns, marbled, spotted, brindle).
The nature and temperament of the Scottish Fold cat
The Scottish Fold cat, or Scottish Fold, is a very docile and calm cat breed that quickly adapts to various living conditions. Folds prefer calm communication with their owner. Cats do not tolerate loneliness and do not like changes, sometimes they can be stubborn. This breed is extremely clean and neat.
Scottish folds are distinguished by high intelligence, excellent learning ability, they always feel the mood of a person.
Despite their calm disposition, they are playful and relatively active - especially as kittens. Lop-eared cats get along well with other pets. Scottish Folds get along well with children (6+).
Scottish folds almost never show aggression, pettiness or vindictiveness. These cats are not easy to scare. While cats of other breeds can jump at loud noise, Scottish Folds are so relaxed that they are unlikely to react so quickly if they do not feel imminent danger.
For the maintenance of this breed, qualities such as purity, proper nutrition and love are important. Many Scottish Folds are afraid of heights. This is not due to the cowardice of the breed, but to the peculiarities of their vestibular apparatus. But, despite this, a small "cat tree" diversifies the pet's pastime while you are away.
One of the features of the Scottish Fold cat is an unusual voice - it does not at all look like the usual purr and is quite squeaky.
One of the special features of the breed is the ability to stand on its hind legs without much effort. Usually Scottish Folds do this if they are interested in something. These cats also like to sleep on their backs with their paws spread out in different directions.
Scottish Folds love to be outdoors (balcony, aviary, outdoor walks) and enjoy outdoor games. They love fetch the ball games, feather toys and interactive toys. Due to the predisposition of Scottish people to be overweight, they require daily physical activity.
Many folds actively use their front paws for various purposes: they open cabinets in search of a treat, splash with them in a bowl of water, deftly steal food from your plate, play with small objects, etc. In such cases, the pet can be occupied with puzzle toys for a long time, especially with food.
20 Scottish Fold nicknames
For male kittens: Alan, Baz (s), Wiley, Gilmat, Jame (s), Erwin, Iver, Kyle, Lord, Macintosh.
For female kittens: Eileen (a), Blair, Glenna, Jesse, Toffee, Illusion, Carolyn (a), Laina, Malvina, Paige (and).
See the full list of nicknames …