Video: Examination Of The Pomeranian
Look at the four “Pomeranians” presented here (A, B, C, D) and formulate your own opinion about the correct type and exterior of each of them. Then make a preliminary placement of the dogs for 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th places. If you are not familiar with the Pomeranian standard, read the Exterior Brief before placing. Of course, a dog with a fluffy coat always needs a "manual" inspection, but a visual inspection will help determine some of the advantages and disadvantages of the exterior and will allow you to make a preliminary placement.
Movement. Before the start of the individual examination, he will watch all four dogs in motion to make sure that none of them are limping, and also to complement his first impression of the exterior. Looking at the movements in profile, you will see that three out of four Pomeranians do not have such elastic pasterns as I depicted in the picture. It is flexibility in movement that is one of the most important points to which you should pay attention. The requirements for the flexibility of the metacarpals for each breed are different, but they are most often forgotten when examining Pomeranians. This negligence is one of the reasons for the appearance in the rings of a large number of Pomeranians with defective, straight shoulders.
The complete or almost complete lack of elasticity in the metacarpals of an orange is a sure sign that under the coat you will find a straight and sometimes short shoulder. For the Fox Terrier and Lakeland Terrier, very little flexibility of the metacarpus in movement is normal, but, unlike the orange, they are characterized by a specific "terrier" in front.
When the load during movement is transferred from the front limb (in the figure - from the front left limb), it should be bent at the metacarpal joint and carried back at an angle of 45 °. If this does not happen, then most likely a "manual" examination will confirm that the dog has a straight shoulder.
Short description. The Pomeranian is a compact square-format dog. The skull is flat and large in relation to the "fox", wedge-shaped muzzle. Smooth teeth, complete; scissor bite. The nose is black or to match the main color. The ears are small and erect. The eyes are dark, of medium size, the cut is somewhat oval, the expression of the eyes is intelligent. Whites, orange, dark sable and cream have a black edging around the eyes.
The rather short neck blends harmoniously with the sloping shoulder blades. Holds his head high. The back and loin are short, the ribs are well arched, the chest is rather deep.
I believe that the shoulders should be sloped, the front of the chest should protrude somewhat. The forearms are straight and I think their length should be equal to the depth of the body. The backbone is not heavy. In my opinion, the pasterns should be slightly slanted, which creates a static balance in the front of the dog. The angulation of the hindquarters (knee and hock) is moderate. The stomach is moderately tucked up.
A richly dressed, high-set tail is thrown over the back, lying on it straight and even. Paws are compact, "cat".
The orange is characterized by a "double" coat: a soft undercoat and a rather long, perfectly straight hard guard hair. The whole body is well dressed. Very fluffy hair around the neck, on the front of the shoulders and chest forms a frill. The front is decorated with long hair. The hindquarters are well dressed up to the hocks.
All colors are acceptable, but no white or black markings. White breasts, legs or limbs in non-white dogs are considered a serious fault.
My example, which most closely matches the standard, has drawbacks that are not, however, related to design drawbacks. While the other three dogs have a number of advantages, the focus will be on their disadvantages. If any detail of the structure hidden under the lush coat is not mentioned, this means that probing has shown its correctness.
Dog A. The first impression can be deceiving: the fluffy coat hides the forelimbs exposed in front of the body, which is due to the straight shoulder blade and short, straight shoulders. In this position, static balance is achieved to some extent by the vertical pasterns.
The fur covers the elbows set aside from the irregular, flat sides. The forechest does not protrude, forming a depression between the forelimbs. Large, round eyes, short "rabbit" muzzle and rounded skull do not meet the standard.
Dog B. Its regular structure, coarse, "double" coat lacks puffiness on the front of the shoulders, chest, thighs, legs and croup. The impression is spoiled by the tail, though correctly set, but piled back and to the side, which is a disadvantage. Abundant coat and tail carried straight down the back are desirable breed characteristics.
Would you forgive these two shortcomings by noting such advantages of a dog as a breed head, compact body, good angles of the front and hind legs?
Dog C. This dog has too large ears and an irregularly prominent forehead. Muzzle of sufficient length, but seems heavy due to the large upper lip. Overly large eyes set too wide apart. The dog has a heavy bone, forelimbs with soft pasterns, cow hind legs. It is felt that under the coat is hidden too wide chest and twisted elbows.
Dog D. This dog looks tall. However, the body is raised above the level of the elbows due to the straight set of the shoulder blades and shoulders, and not due to the long limbs. Due to the straight angles of the hip joints, her tail is closely set. Muzzle too short, skull too convex in front and too rounded on top. There is no black edging around the eyes, which is a disadvantage for white, orange and dark sable pomegranates. The standard permits a brown nose and edging around the eyes in sable-colored dogs with chocolate hair tips.
Arrangement. I put dog B first, dog A second, dog D third, and dog C fourth. The choice between examples A and B in favor of dog B was made due to the correct constitution. What if both dogs were correctly built?
In this case, the splendor of the coat would be taken into account, you would have to choose between two different types of heads, especially paying attention to the muzzle and the shape of the eyes. Personally, I have no doubts: dog B has a fox-shaped head or "fox", but dog A does not.
Translated from English by Galina Soroka, "Friend" magazine (dogs), 1994-1