Table of contents:
- Why does one dog obey its master and the other not?
- How to train a dog correctly?
- How do you teach your dog basic general training skills?
- To these and other "How?", "Why?" and why?" you will find answers by reading this quick guide
Video: Why Should A Dog Learn? And How To Teach It?
What needs to be done to make the training effective, and to build trust and understanding between you and the dog?
Why does one dog obey its master and the other not?
What are the basic principles behind learning and training?
How to train a dog correctly?
How do you teach your dog basic general training skills?
To these and other "How?", "Why?" and why?" you will find answers by reading this quick guide
Most authors determine the physiological foundations of training from the standpoint of the conditioned reflex theory of I.P. Pavlov. In accordance with it, all forms of behavior of living beings (including humans) can be explained on the basis of the conditioned reflex principle, and the essence of training is to develop and use the necessary conditioned reflexes in work.
According to this principle, a previously indifferent (neutral) stimulus, for example, the command "Sit!", If given before the forcible sitting of the dog (repeatedly combining the command with coercion), acquires the value of a conditioned stimulus and will trigger a conditioned reflex reaction of the dog's landing.
In this case, according to adherents of the conditioned reflex theory, a temporary connection is formed between the auditory and motor centers of the brain (the so-called arc of the conditioned reflex), and after that it is enough to give the command "Sit" for the dog to sit down - it's like pressing the button " Start”on the control panel.
Is it so? Here are some examples that are not uncommon during training.
1. The command “Sit!” Has already been given more than once, and Rex does not sit down looking at the dogs playing next to him - and in fact, quite recently, he performed this skill immediately after the first command.
2. Tuzik perfectly performs the command "Sit!" and at home, and on the street, and on a training ground, but he refuses to sit on a training log.
3. Athos, when he is given the command "Sit!" little Sasha rarely sits down correctly: he will fold his hind legs under him, then lie down or begin to lightly bite the boy, inviting him to play, but Yegor Stepanovich obeys unquestioningly and performs the landing exactly as required.
4. The command "Sit!" Is given, but instead of sitting down, Rocky, who knows and fulfills this command, suddenly rushes at a passing German shepherd.
5. Green does not sit on wet asphalt, despite the fact that the owner has given the command for the tenth time.
6. Why yesterday Lada worked quickly and without errors, but today it works sluggishly and constantly makes mistakes?
7. Why does Sulli perform a practiced skill with a blank look and sad eyes, while Sunny is happy to wait for the next command?
Why after the command "Sit!" in all described cases, dogs behave differently without performing a known skill? Indeed, according to the conditioned-reflex theory, which assigns the leading role to external stimuli in managing behavior, the team must trigger the conditioned-reflex reaction of landing.
Unfortunately, the conditioned reflex theory does not provide answers to this, as well as to many other questions. In particular, she is unable to explain complex forms of human and animal behavior (associative learning, insight *, the ability to extrapolate direction, etc.).
* Insight is the ability of animals to solve problems at once, without preliminary trial and error, a kind of "animal insight".
** Extrapolation of the direction of movement is the ability of an animal to predict the direction of its subsequent movement in the initial direction of movement of an object. For example, if the pursued animal is hiding behind an opaque partition, the dog most often goes around it from the other side, thereby reducing the distance.
I. Does the dog enjoy learning? Why do we wake up in the morning and get out of bed, then wash, dress, have breakfast and take one or another transport to work? Why do some of us devote all our strength to work, while others serve time there as needed? However, both of them eat lunch, and when they return home after work, they go to the shops, have dinner, watch TV, go to bed. In addition, we study, read a lot, visit exhibitions and concerts, cinema and theater, communicate with friends, go in for sports, go hiking, build houses and summer cottages, give birth and raise children, and have animals.
Why do we need all this? Why do we do this day after day, year after year? What drives us? What are we aiming for? These and many other questions, including the one we asked in the title, can be answered by the theory of functional systems, developed more than 50 years ago by academician P.K.Anokhin.