Video: Before You Start Training Your Dog
The ideal time to start parenting (training) your puppy is the first week of his arrival in your home. By education (training) I do not mean formal training. By this term, I mean adjusting the dog to its new pack, building relationships with your family members and teaching the rules of behavior in the house. If you get a dog at four months old, you can start training as well.
During the first week of the puppy's stay in the house, you must teach him to do his "business" in a certain place. This is not difficult to do. You just need to determine this place), spreading newspapers, a rag or placing a pallet there and invite the puppy to use this "toilet".
You should also teach your puppy to be named. Use the chosen nickname as soon as the puppy is brought into the house and use it when calling the puppy. Say the nickname, sit down, clap your hands and repeat the nickname again. Start praising your puppy as soon as he walks towards you and praise even more by repeating his name when he comes up to you. This will be a good exercise for the recall command, which you will learn later.
Never give a puppy's name when punishing him. A nickname should always evoke positive emotions and associations. Otherwise, sooner or later, the puppy will ignore it when you use it to call.
Collar and leash training. During the first week of your puppy's stay in your home, you should train your puppy to use the collar and leash. This does not mean that the puppy is practicing controlled movement or turns. You just need to train your puppy to feel a sung collar and a leash on. You need to ensure that the dog does not feel fear when you later begin serious training on a leash.
Start by quickly putting a light nylon or leather leash on your puppy. Some puppies may not like this. They can scratch and bite, interfering with your actions. They can roll and tumble while trying to remove the collar. Help your puppy come to terms with the inevitability by distracting him. Play with him if he gets worried. Invite him to run after a ball or find a favorite toy. Distracting play will help him get used to the new sensation around his neck and prove that it’s not scary. If you are kind and persistent, your puppy will get used to the collar in a few days or a week.
To train your puppy to drain the leash, you just need to tie it to the collar. Give him the opportunity to walk around the room and apartment under your supervision. Be careful not to catch the leash on the furniture. For added safety, be close to the puppy. After a few days of this exercise, hold the end of the leash in your hand and follow the puppy. Then try slowing the puppy down a bit, looping it around the furniture, pulling on the leash. When the puppy is understanding about your actions, repeat the exercises in the yard. Try not to be rude to the puppy - you have nowhere to rush.
The puppy learns the skills faster when he makes the movements himself. It will be easier for you to train your puppy to move on a leash if you find a target that is very interesting to him and just walk towards it, holding the puppy at your feet. You can search for a "lost" toy. If the puppy walks more or less calmly next to you, be generous with praise. When you reach the goal, let the puppy sniff, examine the goal, or play with it. The puppy must understand that learning something is terribly interesting.
If your puppy does not follow you, resists movement, do not persuade him. If you do this, then unknowingly praise him for resisting the movement on the leash. Do not drag the puppy along with you, this can cause him fear and fear of the leash.
Instead, take something attractive to your puppy in your hand (a piece of food, a favorite toy, etc.) and try to lead your puppy behind that target. Be sure to praise your puppy while driving.
Repeat this exercise several times every day. Soon, your puppy will readily follow you on a leash.
Don't be bothered yet if the puppy is running ahead or falling behind. Mastering controlled movement, the task of the next stage of training. You will come to this only after the puppy is completely used to the leash.
Socialization is one of the most important things that will happen to your dog. Remember, puppies need to see people! They should get acquainted with a variety of things, situations, phenomena and different places (street, forest, transport, etc.)! Give your puppy the opportunity to interact with other dogs, including adults, after making sure they are not aggressive. A calm, balanced, self-confident adult dog grows only from a puppy who has a correct socialization process!
Pay close attention to how your puppy reacts to your stimuli. If you have a "shy" puppy, try to avoid coercion when mastering new situations, new places, and getting to know unusual things. Do not hurry. Let him take the first step, but avoid a stampede.
Make sure your dog is vaccinated before you have to take your puppy to areas where stray dogs are likely to be encountered. Consult your veterinarian if you need to travel with a puppy or participate in a dog show.
Learn to growl. First of all, you must continue the upbringing that the mother of your puppy began. You must learn to growl. You will need this in order to immediately stop the puppy if he starts doing anything reprehensible.
In general, the mother-bitch has already started learning this. Whenever the puppy was naughty when feeding or played too vigorously with the mother's ear, she growled at him. Roar informed the puppy that it was time for him to stop, which he did.
But if the puppy did not stop, the parent would give him a spanking. She could bite him in the face, grab him by the scruff of the neck, or push him hard. So the puppy began to understand that he could follow the growl and the next time he immediately took it into account.