Talk To The Dog Heart To Heart

Talk To The Dog Heart To Heart
Talk To The Dog Heart To Heart

Video: Talk To The Dog Heart To Heart

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: A Dog's Heart - Vladimir Bortko 2023, February
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How they think and learn. Dogs think and learn by doing things by acting. If the behavior benefits them, they will repeat it in the future. If it leads to unpleasant consequences for them, they will look for ways to avoid it. N After multiple repetitions of a dog act produced skill or, in other words, a conditioned reflex (conditioned response).

In the most general terms, a conditioned response is a specific reaction or action of an animal, performed by it in response to a special signal or signals.

People are faced with conditioned responses every day. For example, you can read a book when the phone rings. On it you immediately pick up the phone and say: "Hello?" Or you are driving fast down the street in your car and are not going to stop yet, when suddenly a red light comes on at the next traffic light. The red light is a signal to you. Your signal-driven response is to stop the vehicle. Likewise, you learned a long time ago to keep your hands away from burning things. It didn't happen because someone told you how dangerous it was, it happened after a lot of screeching and burnt fingers. You are a smart person! We have many conditioned responses to many signals. ANDan obedient, trained, intelligent dog is a dog that also has many conditioned responses to a large number of specific signals.

Woman petting a dog, photo photograph of a dog
Woman petting a dog, photo photograph of a dog

For example, the word "Sit!" signal. The conditioned response of a trained dog is to sit down. When the command "Place!" Is given, the trained dog stays in place, maintaining the given pose. This is because whenever she moved after this command, you reacted negatively to it. After several lessons, the dog begins to avoid moving in response to the command "Place!"

Your dog can also acquire conditioned responses without special training. For example, every day, around noon, you take a toy, take your dog outside and play with it. After a few days or weeks, you will notice that when you pick up this toy, your dog runs to the door on its own, looking forward to a fun walk. Taking a familiar toy in hand became a signal for your dog. Moving towards the door is her conditioned response.

Your dog can also generate conditioned responses on its own, without your input. If she burns her nose on a hot bowl or saucepan, you will notice that after one or more tests, she will avoid hot objects.

Formation of conditioned responses. What does it take to form a conditioned response in a dog? Workout! Dogs rarely learn anything without a lot of repetition of the desired action. How many times should you repeat? This is influenced by several factors. One of the most important is the dog's life experience associated with this action, pleasant or unpleasant. Another factor is how natural the action you choose is to your dog, in terms of its nature, its genetic makeup. A playful dog with a strong pursuit instinct will quickly learn to play a flying saucer.

Other factors that affect a dog's learning rate include breed characteristics, physical and mental health, and dog stubbornness. Stubbornness deserves some explanation. Dog breeds differ from each other by Genetically fixed features. Some of these are simple enhancements of the dog's instincts, such as pursuit or defense. Other features are only related to the exterior, such as the Irish Setter's red cape. Still others - the threshold of pain sensitivity - affect the manifestation of dog stubbornness. A good example of stubbornness is the Springer Spaniel, scurrying through thorny bushes in search of a pheasant. However, he does not pay attention to sharp thorns. Such a dog will always look for and scare away pheasants with great desire, unlike a dog,sensitive to painful pricks from bush thorns.

Another important point to note is that dogs, like humans, learn different actions at different speeds. It should also be borne in mind that a small number of repetitions of the desired action does not mean that the dog has formed a conditioned response. It takes days, weeks or even months of training to develop a skill. It will be frustrating if you hope that your dog will acquire well-controlled behavior after two or three lessons. Help yourself and your dog train him and yourself to work. When you do this, the training will be successful for both of you.

Reinforcement time. Timing of reinforcement is probably the most important factor in a dog's learning rate. What do we mean by timing? Let's imagine this situation: your dog nuzzled into a hot pot, but only felt pain when he entered the room where the whole family is watching TV - under this condition, our dog would associate the pain of a burned nose with the TV turned on. But in a real situation, this will never happen even after a thousand combinations, because the time of sensation of pain (reinforcement) does not coincide with the appearance of the TV, but coincides with the appearance of a hot pot.

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